Authors: Christian Parrinello & Frank Bungartz
Citation: Parrinello, C. & Bungartz, F. (2019): Red-List of Endemic Galapagos Lichens, Consortium of North American Lichen Herbaria/Consorcio de Herbarios de Líquenes de América Latina.
Locality: Ecuador, Galapagos
Abstract: Please click here to download the Reference List as a PDF.

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Families: 19
Genera: 34
Species: 75
Total Taxa (details): 77
endemic to Galapagos, Type: ECUADOR. Galapagos: Santa Cruz Island, coastal cliffs E of Puerto Ayora near Charles Darwin Research Station, on spines of Scutia spicata, 0.449450°S, 90.179390°W, 20 m alt., 29 May 2005, Aptroot 63413 (CDS 30168, holotype; ABL, BM, isotypes)., source: Aptroot et al. (2007); Bungartz, F. 7945 [CDS], Ertz, D. 11532 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63065 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8369 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1981, 1986); Ertz, D. 11654 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6308 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6054 [CDS], Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 1580 B [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Syn.: Buellia xanthinula auct. non (Müll. Arg.) Malme, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998); in Dodge (1936) as Buellia xanthinula, source: Dodge (1936), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), Imshaug (1955), Stewart (1912), Weber (1966, 1986); Bungartz, F. 5195 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8608 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64743 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 9893 [CDS], more...
native, questionably endem., Type: ECUADOR. Galápagos: Isabela Island, Volcán Alcedo, upper NNW-exposed slope inside the crater, 0°27’S, 91°7’W, 1055 m, open vegetation with Adianthus concinnum and scattered shrubs of Tournefortia rufosericea among basalt blocks in the vicinity of the sulfur vents, on basalt, March 2006, Aptroot 64881(holotype CDS-31458, isotype ABL)., source: Lumbsch & et al. (2010); Aptroot, A. 64881 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8169 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64800 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64815 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Type:—ECUADOR. Galápagos: Isla Sán Cristóbal, area W of Cerro Pelado on the way to El Ripioso, 0°52’S, 89°28’W, 400 m, transition zone, open Psidium guajava shrubland with Macraea laricifolia and dominant annual herb Malachra capitata, on bark and wood, dead twigs of Psidium guajava, sunny, wind- and rain-exposed, August 2008, Bungartz 8489 (holotype CDS-41135)., source: Lumbsch et al. (2010); Bungartz, F. 5480 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7295 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 9653 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8489 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, Critical B2a, b(ii, iii), D, source: Yánez-Ayabaca et al. (2013); Bungartz, F. 5744 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 5749 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, 'Type: ECUADOR. Galápagos: Isla Sán Cristóbal, area W of Cerro Pelado on the way to El Ripioso, 0°52’S, 89°28’W, 400 m, transition zone, open Psidium guajava shrubland with Macraea laricifolia and dominant annual herb Malachra capitata, on bark and wood, dead twigs of Psidium guajava, sunny, wind- and rain-exposed, August 2008, Bungartz 8496 (holotype CDS-41142)., source: Lumbsch et al. (2011) Phytotaxa 18: 44; Bungartz, F. 6584 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8496 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, source: Lücking et al. (2016) Fungal Diversity: 10.1007/s13225-016-0374-9, [55]; Bungartz, F. 5594 [CDS], Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 1547 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, Syn.: Dictyonema galapagoense; Holotype Bungartz 8517 (CDS 41163), source: Dal Forno, Bungartz, Yánez-Ayabaca, Lücking & Lawrey (2017) Fungal Diversity 85: 58; Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 1545 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8517 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, source: Dal Forno, Bungartz, Yánez-Ayabaca, Lücking & Lawrey, Fungal Diversity 85: 59 (2017); Bungartz, F. 9475 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, source: Bungartz et al. (2016); Bungartz, F. 9761 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, source: Bungartz et al. (2016); Bungartz, F. 7597 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7749 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, Syn.: Dirina paradoxa ssp. approximata (Fée) Tehler & Dirina herrei Zahlbr. fide Tehler et al. (2013); Type: Herre A.W.C.T. s.n. [W - lectotype selected by Tehler et al. (2013), B, BM, G, GBG, H, KASSEL, L, LD, M, NY, S-L6, UC, UPS - isolectotypes), material not seen by F. Bungartz (no specimens in COLO?); Tehler et al. (2013) also include the sorediate forms rarely found in Galapagos here., source: Aptroot & Sparrius (2008), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Tehler et al. (2013), Weber (1966, 1986); Tehler, A. 8762 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 5353 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 9216 [CDS], Ertz, D. 11655 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Holotype Bungartz 5701 (CDS 28799), source: Bungartz et al. (2009); Bungartz, F. 4701 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65665 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4801 A [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65686 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1981, 1986); Bungartz, F. 6291 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4780 [CDS], Jonitz, H. 26 [CDS], Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 1654 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Type:—ECUADOR. Galápagos: Isla Sán Cristóbal, trail from Cerro Pelado to El Ripioso, 0°52’S, 89°28’W, 392 m, transition zone, Psidium guajava forest with some old Hippomane mancinella trees and dense understory of Rubus niveus, Tournefortia rufosericea and Zanthoxylum fagara, on bark, S-exposed side of inclined Hippomane mancinella trunk (ca. 20 cm in diameter), semi-shaded, wind- and rain-sheltered, August 2008, Bungartz 8516 (holotype CDS-41162, isotype F)., source: Lumbsch et al. (2010); Bungartz, F. 8516 [CDS], Herrera-Campos, M.A. 10918 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-295 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 3987 [CDS], more...
native, questionably endem., source: Bungartz & Spielmann (2019)
endemic to Galapagos, Type (FH): on bark, Galapagos Islands, coll. Rev. T. Hill, Hassler Expedition (F. Bungartz: specimen not found during visit to FH, possibly on loan to I. Messuti, one specimen collected and identified by Weber as P. albinea, L-40346, COLO 188868; US 69128 isotype seen)., source: Bungartz et al. (2015), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), Stewart (1912), Weber (1966, 1986); Bungartz, F. 7379 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65389 [CDS], Ertz, D. 11748 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, Holotype Bungartz 6606 (CDS 34826), source: Bungartz et al. (2009); Aptroot, A. 64870 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6606 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, F. Bungartz: according to Weber (1986 p. 478) the type of this species designated by Zahlbruckner (Ann. Mycol. 29:86. 1831) is deposited in Vienna (Floreana, Post Office Bay, Herre s.n.; W). Weber (1986) cites several specimens in COLO that he considers identical with Zahlbruckner's original description [L-40343, COLO 188855 (erroneously as L-30434); L-40198, COLO 189935; L-40389, COLO 188941; and L-40449, COLO 193411]. He emphasizes that he therefore disagrees with Thompson (1963 p. 14) who, based on Zahlbruckner, Krypt. Exs. no. 3170, suggested that the species, contrary to Zahlbruckner's protologue is not sorediate, but fertile. Weber correctly points out that the exsiccate specimens must not necessarily be considered identical with Zahlbruckner's type and he further suggest that the exsiccate might even be a mixture of both P. insularis and P. mexicana. It is not clear from the text in Weber (1986 p. 478), however, if Weber has actually seen the type material himself, but he annota, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Thomson (1963), Weber (1966, 1986)
source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007) Lichenologist 39(6): 528
endemic to Galapagos, Type: ECUADOR, Galapagos, Plaza Sur Island, 0º34’59”S, 90º9’54”W, alt. 1 m, coastal zone; eastern part with scattered and low vegetation of Sesuvium portulacastrum & Tiquilia galapagoa with occasional Opuntia, western part also with scattered shrubs of Grabowskia boerhaaviaefolia, Maytenus octogona, and Castela galapageia, on wood, twig, 21-Feb-2006, A. Aptroot, 64433 (CDS no. 31001—holotype; ABL—isotype)., source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007); Bungartz, F. 8885 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-229 [CDS], Herrera-Campos, M.A. GAL-299 [CDS], Nugra, F. 634 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Type: Ecuador, Galapagos, Santa Cruz Island, Puerto Ayora, near the Charles Darwin Research Station, 0º44’32”S, 90º18’10”W, alt. 5 m, on twigs of coastal shrubs, 24 May 2005, A. Aptroot 63029 (CDS no. 29757—holotype; ABL—isotype)., source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007); Aptroot, A. 64170 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 3428 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8957 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64176 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Vulnerable A3b, c; Type: Ecuador, Galapagos, Santa Cruz Island, on coastal lava cliffs E of Puerto Ayora near Charles Darwin Research Station, 20 m alt., 29 May 2005, A. Aptroot 63412 (CDS 30176—holotype; ABL—isotype)., source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007); Bungartz, F. 9173 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63681 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6079 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64455 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Type: ECUADOR. Galapagos: Santiago Island, ca. 5 km inland from the E-coast; 0° 16' S, 90° 37' W; Bungartz 5208 (CDS 29421, holotype); previously reported as Carbacanthographis saxiseda (Bungartz et al., 2010) but was found to represent an undescribed taxon (Lücking et al. 2013)., source: Lücking et al. (2103), Bungartz et al. (2009), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1993); Bungartz, F. 5208 [CDS]
native, questionably endem., source: Bungartz et al. (2016)
endemic to Galapagos, Syn.: Roccella geniculata, R. glebaria, R. obscurissima Follmann & B. Werner, R. geniculata Follmann & B. Werner, R. fusca B. Werner nom. nud., R. glebaria B. Werner & Follmann nom. nud., R. colonii Follmann, R. capitata Follmann nom. nud., fide Tehler et al. (2009); Holotype: Galápagos, South Plaza Island, abundant on seaward vertical sides of boulders on highest points (S side), ca. 50 ft elev., 1964, W.A. Weber L-39130, Lichenes Exsiccati no. 112; Isotypes: COLO-184895, 186050, UPS, M-0024655, H, S-L21409, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Schofield (1984), Tehler (2007), Tehler et al. (2009), Weber (1981, 1986); Nugra, F. 481 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8763 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8725 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8660 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Syn.: Roccella octopodioides nom. nud., Roccella margaritifera f. octopodioides fide Tehler et al. (2009); Holotype: Galápagos, San Cristóbal Island, Lobería Pto. Baquerizo, 1991, Sánchez-Pinto 6616 (B-128629), TFMC, source: Tehler et al. (2009), Tehler (2007); Bungartz, F. 6574 [CDS], Jäger, H. 262 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8760 [CDS], Arturo, X. s.n. [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, 'Syn.: Roccellodea nigerrima Darb., Roccella translucida Follmann & B. Werner, Roccella incurvata B. Werner, Roccella kappeniana Follmann & B. Werner, Roccella botrytis B. Werner nom. nud., Roccella floribrassica B. Werner nom. nud., Roccella stipitata B. Werner & Follmann nom. nud., Roccella floteana Follmann nom. nud., Roccella floreana B. Werner nom. nud. fide Tehler et al. (2009); Lectotype selected by Tehler (2007): Galápagos Islands, 1872, Hill s.n. (FH), source: Tehler et al. (2009); Clerc, P. 08-278 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4509 B [CDS], Tehler, A. 8703 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4477 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Truong & Clerc (2016); Clerc, P. 08-174 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65148 [CDS], Herrera-Campos, M.A. 10795 B [CDS], Truong, C. 1483 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, Type: Ecuador. Galapagos: Isla Sán Cristóbal, Cerro Mundo, at the top of the rock cliffs on the S side close to the summit, 00°53’S, 89°34’W, 282 m, transition zone with Bursera graveolens, Croton scouleriand Jasminocereus thouarsii, on Jasminocereus thouarsii on the ridge, August 2008, Clerc & Truong 08-405(holotype CDS, isotypes G, CMA: 16/3/61.5; chemistry: usnic acid, unknown medullary metabolite reacting UV+ green after charring)., source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Herrera-Campos et al. (1998), Lumbsch et al. (2010); Clerc, P. 08-334 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64887 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4033 A [CDS], Truong, C. 1323 [CDS], more...
native, indigenous, Type: ECUADOR. Galapagos: Santa Cruz Island, above Mina Granillo, 607 m, upper transition zone, on branches of Scalesia, Truong 1122 (holotype CDS 39433, isotypes G, UPS; % C/M/A: 11/20.5/38. Chemistry: usnic, salazinic, galbinic and norstictic acids.), source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Ohmura et al. (2010), Swinscow & Krog (1979), Truong et al. (2011); Clerc, P. 08-264 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-140 [CDS], Truong, C. 1122 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8498 [CDS], more...
endemic to Galapagos, source: Bungartz et al. (2018)