Global occurrence: Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Americas – South and Central America | Eurasia – Asia Tropical | Arctic. Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts). Thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified; continuous, diffuse, effuse | compartimentized – areolate, squamulate; [th] upper surface: yellow(ish) grey | yellow(ish) green; [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: verrucose, warted. Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma: immersed, innate | subsessile, subimmersed, adnate, semi-immersed, emergent; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: red(dish) | brown(ish) red (carneous). Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: entirely amyloid (= Catillaria-, Teloschistes-types etc). Ascospores: [asp] shape: [cur] – curved, unciform, falcate, sickle-shaped; [asp] length [µm]: (low) 40.0 (high) 55.0; [asp] width [µm]: (low) 4.0 (high) 5.0; [asp] septa: present; [transversely septate; [asp] transversal septa: (low) 5.0 (high) 7.0; [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless; [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent. Secondary metabolites: present, divaricatic acid | thamnolic acid | usnic acid. Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid. Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.