Incluye taxa de las siguientes listas:
Autores: Frank Bungartz, Frauke Ziemmeck, Alba Yánez Ayabaca & Fredy Nugra
Publicación: Bungartz, F., Frauke Ziemmeck, F., Yánez Ayabaca, A. & Nugra, F. (2019): Lichen-forming, lichenicolous and allied fungi from Galapagos (Ecuador), Consortium of North American Lichen Herbaria/Consorcio de Herbarios de Líquenes de América Latina.
Localidad: Galapagos, Ecuador
Resumen: This checklist includes all lichen fungi that are currently known to occur in the Galapagos Islands. This list also includes some fungi typically associated with lichens (lichenicolous fungi, i.e., fungi parasitic or parasymbiontic on lichens) or often treated by lichenologists even though they are not lichenized. Lichens do not represent a taxonomic group, but are a classic example of a symbiosis, i.e., two very different organisms living together to form a new entity. The outside shape and structure that we notice as a lichen is built by a fungus. Inside, this macroscopic structure hosts microscopic cells of green algae (Chlorophyta) or blue-green photosynthetic bacteria (Cyanobacteria). The fungi that participate in this symbiosis belong to two taxonomic divisions (or phyla): Basidiomycota and Ascomycota.

Please click here to download the Reference List as a PDF.

Notas: additional contributors to this Checklist include: André Aptroot, Othmar Breuss, Philippe Clerc, Carolina Cornejo, Paul Diederich, Damien Ertz, Tassilo Feuerer, Marusa Herrera, Kerry Knudsen, James Lawrey, Robert Lücking, Bibiana Moncado, Christian Parrinello, Matthias Schultz, Harrie Sipman, Adriano Spielman, Ulrik Søchting, Anders Tehler, Leif Tibell, Camille Truong, William A. Weber, Martin Westberg.

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Familias: 69
Géneros: 201
Especies: 781
Total de Taxa (detalles): 786

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[Endocarpiscum placodizans (Zahlbr.) Fink, Heppia placodizans Zahlbr., Peltula decorticans (Müll. Arg.) Filson, Placoheppia placodizans (Zahlbr.) Oxner, Pyrenopsidium decorticans Müll.Arg., Solorinaria placodizans (Zahlbr.) Gyeln.]
endemic to Galapagos, Type (FH): on bark, Galapagos Islands, coll. Rev. T. Hill, Hassler Expedition (F. Bungartz: specimen not found during visit to FH, possibly on loan to I. Messuti, one specimen collected and identified by Weber as P. albinea, L-40346, COLO 188868; US 69128 isotype seen)., source: Bungartz et al. (2015), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), Stewart (1912), Weber (1966, 1986); Aptroot, A. 65389 [CDS], Ertz, D. 11748 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7379 [CDS]
[Lepra commutata (Mull.Arg) Lendemer & R.C.Harris, Pertusaria copiosa Erichsen]
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2015)
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2015); Ertz, D. 11856 [CDS]
[Pertusaria tetrathalamia f. tetrathalamia (Fée) Nyl., Pertusaria tetrathalamia var. tetrathalamia (Fée) Nyl., Porina tetrathalamia (Fée) Fée, Trypethelium subumbilicatum C. Knight, Trypethelium tetrathalamium Fée]
[Pertusaria disticha Erichsen]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Pertusaria bispora Farl. ex Lindner; Type in Farlow Herbarium (FH): Genovesa, A. Stewart, 153, Isotype in CAS, No. 119734; FH 197376 is Pertusaria texana, fide F. Bungartz annotation, 2009, source: Bungartz et al. (2015); Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 1721 [CDS], Ertz, D. 11626 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65190 A [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4546 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2015); Bungartz, F. 9620 [CDS]
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz: in the Galapagos only known from a single specimen collected on bark of Bursera graveolens in the dry zone of Santa Fé (Jonitz, H. 28), source: Bungartz et al. (2015); Jonitz, H. 28 [CDS]
[Phaeographina atromaculata A.W. Archer]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Phaeographis kalbii, fide Bungartz et al. (2009), source: Bungartz & et al. (2009); Aptroot, A. 65591 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6659 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64078 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64589 [CDS]
[Creographa brasiliensis A. Massal., Graphis subtigrina Vain., Graphis tigrinella f. subtigrina (Vain.) Vain., Phaeographina brasiliensis (A. Massal.) Zahlbr., Phaeographis subtigrina (Vain.) Zahlbr., Sarcographa tricosa f. subtigrina (Vain.) Zahlbr., Ustalia brasiliensis (A. Massal.) Stizenb.]
[Arthonia sinensigrapha Fée, Graphis dendritica (Ach.) Ach., Graphis dendritica f. dendritica (Ach.) Ach., Graphis dendritica f. obtusa Leight., Graphis dendritica var. dendritica (Ach.) Ach., Graphis dendritica var. obtusa Mudd, Graphis sinensigrapha (Fée) A. Massal., Hymenodecton dendriticum (Ach.) Leight., Opegrapha dendritica Ach., Phaeographis dendritica var. obtusa (Leight.) Müll. Arg., Phaeographis dendritica var. sinensigrapha (Fée) Zahlbr., Platygramma dendritica (Ach.) G. Mey., Platygramma dendriticum (Ach.) G. Mey.]
[Graphis leiogrammodes Kremp., Phaeographina leiogrammodes (Kremp.) M. Wirth & Hale]
endemic to Galapagos, Holotype Bungartz 6606 (CDS 34826), source: Bungartz et al. (2009); Aptroot, A. 64870 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6606 [CDS]
[Physcia hirsuta Mereschk., Physcia hirsuta var. echinella Poelt, Physcia hirsuta var. hirsuta Mereschk.]
[Lecanora nigricans Flörke, Parmelia obscura f. sciastrella Nyl., Parmelia tremulicola (Nyl.) Arnold, Physcia nigricans (Flörke) Stizenb., Physcia nigricans f. fusca (Räsänen) Zahlbr., Physcia nigricans f. nigricans (Flörke) Stizenb., Physcia nigricans f. parvula (Vain.) Nádv., Physcia nigricans f. tremulicola (Nyl.) Maas Geest., Physcia nigricans var. auraënsis (Vain.) Räsänen, Physcia nigricans var. groenlandica Å.E. Dahl, Physcia nigricans var. helvetica (Vain. ex Räsänen) Frey, Physcia nigricans var. nigricans (Flörke) Stizenb., Physcia nigricans var. sciastrella (Nyl.) Lynge, Physcia nigricans var. tremulicola (Nyl.) Lynge, Physcia sciastrella (Nyl.) Harm., Physcia sciastrella var. sciastrella (Nyl.) Harm., Physcia sciastrella var. sublurida Vain., Physcia tremulicola Nyl., Physcia tremulicola f. atra Lynge, Physcia tremulicola f. tremulicola Nyl., Physcia tremulicola subsp. leptothallina Vain., Physcia tremulicola subsp. tremulicola Nyl.]
native, indigenous, source: Moberg (1990); Aptroot, A. 63311 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7105 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 10132 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 9437 [CDS], más...
endemic to Galapagos, F. Bungartz: according to Weber (1986 p. 478) the type of this species designated by Zahlbruckner (Ann. Mycol. 29:86. 1831) is deposited in Vienna (Floreana, Post Office Bay, Herre s.n.; W). Weber (1986) cites several specimens in COLO that he considers identical with Zahlbruckner's original description [L-40343, COLO 188855 (erroneously as L-30434); L-40198, COLO 189935; L-40389, COLO 188941; and L-40449, COLO 193411]. He emphasizes that he therefore disagrees with Thompson (1963 p. 14) who, based on Zahlbruckner, Krypt. Exs. no. 3170, suggested that the species, contrary to Zahlbruckner's protologue is not sorediate, but fertile. Weber correctly points out that the exsiccate specimens must not necessarily be considered identical with Zahlbruckner's type and he further suggest that the exsiccate might even be a mixture of both P. insularis and P. mexicana. It is not clear from the text in Weber (1986 p. 478), however, if Weber has actually seen the type material himself, but he annota, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Thomson (1963), Weber (1966, 1986)
REJECT accepted name, all Galapagos specimens are P. kalbii and not P. integrata; Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 1712 [CDS]
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz: most specimens have a black lower side and thus belong to P. lobulata, but three specimens with white lower side recently discovered., source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986)
[Physcia integrata var. sorediosa Vain.]
native, indigenous, source: Dodge (1936), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1966, 1986); Ertz, D. 11591 A [CDS], Nugra, F. 560 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4962 [CDS], Spielmann, A.A. 10742B [CDS], más...
[Collema amphiurum Nyl., Collema byrsaeum (Afzel. ex Ach.) Ach., Collema hypolasium Stirt., Dichodium amphiurum (Nyl.) Nyl., Dichodium byrsaeum (Afzel. ex Ach.) Nyl., Dichodium byrsinum (Afzel. ex Ach.) Nyl., Gabura byrsaea (Afzel. ex Ach.) Kuntze, Gabura byrsina (Afzel. ex Ach.) Kuntze, Lempholemma hypolasium (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Lichen furvus * byrsaeum (Afzel. ex Ach.) Lam., Parmelia byrsaea Afzel. ex Ach., Physma amphiurum (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Physma byrsaeum var. amphiurum (Nyl.) Müll. Arg.]
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz: only one single, historic specimen (Sipman L-70, COLO L-63545, from Cerro Azul, Isabela, H. Sipman L-70, 22-25 June 1976); recently found again on a collection trip to Cerro Azul, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Spielmann, A.A. 10379 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 10301 [CDS], Nugra, F. 1030 [CDS], Spielmann, A.A. 10585 [CDS], más...
[Biatorella conspersa (Fée) Vain., Biatorella conspersa f. conspersa (Fée) Vain., Biatorella conspersa f. leucoloma (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Heterothecium conspersum (Fée) Flot., Lecidea conspersa Fée]
[Collema muscicola (Sw.) Ach., Cornicularia muscicola (Sw.) DC., Garovaglia muscicola (Sw.) Trevis., Homodium muscicola (Sw.) Nyl., Leptogium muscicola (Sw.) Fr., Lichen muscicola Sw., Parmelia muscicola (Sw.) Ach., Patellaria muscicola (Sw.) Wallr.]
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz & R. Miranda: only one single fertile specimen in CDS, all others sterile and thus referred to P. distans (according to Lücking 2008)., source: Kirk (2010), Lücking (2008); Aptroot, A. 64327 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 10292 [CDS]
[Arthopyrenia leptalea (Durieu & Mont.) H. Olivier, Biatora leptalea Durieu & Mont., Bilimbia leptalea (Durieu & Mont.) Trevis., Porina leptaleella (Nyl.) Lettau, Verrucaria leptaleella Nyl.]
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2010); Aptroot, A. 63345 [CDS]
[Phylloporina nitidula (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Phylloporina nitidula f. nitidula (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Phylloporina nitidula f. validior Zahlbr., Pseudosagedia nitidula (Müll. Arg.) Hafellner & Kalb, Trichothelium nitidulum (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris]
native, indigenous, Müll. Arg., Flora, Regensburg 66(21): 336 (1883), source: Kirk (2010)
[Porina endochrysa Mont., Porina mastoidea var. rudis Müll.Arg., Porina nucula var. endochrysa (Mont.) Zahlbr., Porina pallida Müll.Arg., Porina rudis (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Porophora nucula (Ach.) Spreng., Segestria nucula (Ach.) Hellb., Sphaeromphale nucula (Ach.) Trevis., Verrucaria endochrysa (Mont.) Nyl.]
[Celidium keisslerianum Gyeln., Cyanisticta crocata (L.) Gyeln., Cyanisticta crocata f. coralloidea (H. Magn.) Szatala, Cyanisticta crocata f. crocata (L.) Räsänen, Cyanisticta crocata f. leucosticta (Pers.) Räsänen, Cyanisticta crocata var. crocata (L.) Räsänen, Cyanisticta crocata var. isidiotyla (H. Magn.) Szatala, Cyanisticta crocata var. tongaensis Räsänen ex Sbarbaro, Cyanisticta epiflavoides Gyeln., Cyanisticta mougeotiana var. aurigera (Delise) Szatala, Lichen crocatus L., Lobaria crocata (L.) Raeusch., Pseudocyphellaria mougeotiana f. aurigera (Delise) I.M. Lamb, Pseudocyphellaria mougeotiana var. aurigera (Delise) Vain., Saccardoa crocata (L.) Trevis., Sticta aurigera Delise, Sticta aurigera var. aurigera Delise, Sticta aurigera var. nuda Delise, Sticta crocata (Hoffm.) DC., Sticta crocata f. citrina (Pers.) Zahlbr., Sticta crocata f. crocata (L.) Ach., Sticta crocata f. esorediosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Sticta crocata f. leucosticta (Pers.) Zahlbr., Sticta crocata f. luridofuscescens Kremp., Sticta crocata f. sandwicensis Zahlbr., Sticta crocata var. crocata (L.) Ach., Sticta crocata var. gilva Ach., Sticta crocata var. mallota Tuck., Stictina crocata (L.) Nyl., Stictina crocata f. crocata (L.) Nyl., Stictina crocata f. esorediosa Müll.Arg.]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Pseudocyphellaria mougeotiana var. aurigera, Pseudocyphellaria xantholoma, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998), source: Dodge (1936), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Galloway & Arvidsson (1990), Weber (1966, 1986)
[Arthopyrenia diluta (Fée) Harm., Pseudopyrenula albonitens Müll.Arg., Pseudopyrenula atroalba Vain., Pseudopyrenula erumpens Müll.Arg., Pseudopyrenula oahuensis H. Magn., Pseudopyrenula sitiana Vain., Pyrenula diluta (Fée) Tuck., Verrucaria diluta Fée]
[Arthopyrenia minutissima Vain., Pseudopyrenula araucariae Vain., Pseudopyrenula confluens G. Merr., Pseudopyrenula diluta var. degenerans Vain., Pseudopyrenula elliptica Müll.Arg., Pseudopyrenula flavicans Müll.Arg., Pseudopyrenula limitata Szatala, Pyrenula hagmannii Redinger]
[Porina cestrensis (Tuck. ex Michener) Müll.Arg., Porina cestrensis var. cestrensis (Tuck.) Müll. Arg., Sagedia cestrensis Tuck., Trichothelium cestrense (Michener) R.C. Harris]
[Porina guentheri (Flot.) Zahlbr., Trichothelium guentheri (Flotow) R.C. Harris]
[Phylloporina nitidula (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Phylloporina nitidula f. nitidula (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Phylloporina nitidula f. validior Zahlbr., Porina nitidula Müll.Arg., Trichothelium nitidulum (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris]
[Biatora lucida (Ach.) Fr., Biatora lucida var. lucida (Ach.) Fr., Biatora lucida var. theiotea (Ach.) Räsänen, Biatora lucida var. thejotea (Ach.) Räsänen, Lecidea lucida Ach., Lecidea lucida f. lucida (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea lucida f. theiotea (Ach.) Zahlbr., Lecidea lucida var. lucida (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea lucida var. theiotea Ach., Lichen lucidus Ach., Patellaria lucida (Ach.) Spreng.]
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2013c); Aptroot, A. 65143 [CDS]
[Lecidea novomexicana (B. de Lesd.) W.A. Weber ex R.A. Anderson]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Psora novomexicana, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998), Toninia novomexicana: specimen in COLO (L-44020), Cavagnaro s.n., Pinzón, det. E. Timdal, 1990, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998)
[Collemopsis murorum (A. Massal.) Stizenb.]
native, indigenous, First erroneously identified as Psorotichia schaereri by M. Schultz in 2006., source: Schultz & Aptroot (2008); Bungartz, F. 3967 [CDS]
native, indigenous, Syn.: ?Pyrenographa xylographoides Aptroot (with submuriform spores, see comments in Harris 1995); basionym: Phaeopeltosphaeria irregularis Wehmeyer; Type. ECUADOR. Galapagos: South Seymour Island, on dead, decorticated wood of Bursera graveolens, 6 Sep 1945, Martin 6251 (NY, isotype)., source: Aptroot (1991), Harris (1995), Martin (1948)
[Lichenothrix riddlei Henssen, Pleosphaeria lichenothricis Henssen]
[Parathelium martinicanum Vain., Pyrenula caraibica Aptroot & Etayo, Pyrenula martinicana (Vain.) R.C. Harris]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Pyrenula marginatula Müll. Arg., Pyrenula caraibica Aptroot & Etayo, source: Aptroot (2013); Bungartz, F. 10436 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65436 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8317 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64642 [CDS]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Pyrenula costaricensis Müll. Arg., source: Aptroot (2013); Bungartz, F. 6897 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64687 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63179 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63140 [CDS]
[Melanotheca achariana Fée, Melanotheca anomala (Ach.) A. Massal., Mycoporum anomalum (Ach.) Trevis., Pyrenula achariana (Fée) Vain., Pyrenula achariana var. achariana (Fée) Vain., Pyrenula achariana var. angolensis Vain., Trypethelium anomalum Ach., Trypethelium anomalum f. anomalum Ach., Trypethelium anomalum var. anomalum Ach., Trypethelium anomalum var. leucostomum Nyl., Trypethelium anomalum var. obscurescens (Vain.) Zahlbr.]
native, indigenous, source: Aptroot (2013); Nugra, F. 62 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65182 [CDS]
[Polyblastia aspistea (Afzel. ex Ach.) Trevis., Pyrenula aquila R.C. Harris, Verrucaria aspistea Afzel. ex Ach.]
native, indigenous, Specimen in COLO: Itow (L-40634), det. Aptroot, 1991; specimens in CDS identified by Aptroot as P. aspistea were misidentifications of Pyrenula costaricensis, fide annot. R. Miranda, 2010, source: Aptroot (2013), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1993); Ertz, D. 11734 [CDS]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Pyrenula aurantiaca, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998); F. Bungartz: species not included in the key by Aptroot (2012), only listed as accepted in the appendix, source: Aptroot (2013), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), Weber (1966, 1986); Bungartz, F. 5260 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 9915 [CDS], Segura, D. s.n. [CDS], Bungartz, F. 10511 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz & R. Miranda: most previous reports were based on misidentifications, but two specimens belong to P. cocoës., source: Aptroot (2013), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1993); Aptroot, A. 64686 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63218 A [CDS]
[Anthracothecium confine (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Anthracothecium corticatum Müll.Arg., Bottaria confinis (Nyl.) Vain., Pyrenula corticata (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris, Sporodictyon confine (Nyl.) Trevis., Verrucaria confinis Nyl.]
[Melanotheca connivens (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Melanotheca cruenta (Mont.) Müll.Arg., Melanotheca ornata Müll.Arg., Melanotheca rubra (C. Knight) C. Knight, Melanotheca subincruenta (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Pyrenula circumrubens (Nyl.) B. de Lesd., Pyrenula circumrubens var. circumrubens (Nyl.) B. de Lesd., Pyrenula circumrubens var. rubrotecta (Stirt.) Shirley, Stromatothelium cruentum (Mont.) Trevis., Trypethelium cinnabarinum C. Knight ex F.M. Bailey, Trypethelium connivens Stirt., Trypethelium cruentatum Nyl., Trypethelium cruentum Mont., Trypethelium cruentum var. subdecolor Nyl., Trypethelium rubescens C. Knight, Trypethelium rubrum C. Knight, Trypethelium subincruentum Nyl., Verrucaria circumrubens Nyl., Verrucaria circumrubens var. circumrubens Nyl., Verrucaria circumrubens var. rubrotecta Stirt.]
[Pseudopyrenula galactina Shirley, Pyrenula achroopora (Nyl.) Arnold, Pyrenula glabratula (Nyl.) Arnold, Pyrenula lucifera R.C. Harris, Verrucaria achroopora Nyl., Verrucaria dermatodes Borrer, Verrucaria glabratula Nyl.]
[Parathelium emergens Nyl. ex Müll. Arg.]
native, indigenous, Specimen in COLO: Santa Cruz, on Pisonia, Itow (L-40623), det. Aprtoot, 1991, source: Aptroot (2013), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1993); Aptroot, A. 64638 [CDS]
[Pyrenula citriformis R.C. Harris]
native, indigenous, Syn. Pyrenula subcongruens Müll. Arg., source: Aptroot (2013), Kirk (2010); Bungartz, F. 4989 [CDS]
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz: previously treated as P. aff. duplicans, Syn.: Anthracothecium sandwicense Zahlbr.; not indentical with Pyrenuma sandwicensis Zahlbr., which is a synonym of P. fetivica (Kempelh.) Müll. Arg., source: Aptroot (2013); Bungartz, F. 3907 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63799 [CDS], Ertz, D. 11735 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 9292 A [CDS], más...
[Melanomma nitidulum Bres., Pyrenula plittii R.C. Harris]
native, indigenous, source: Aptroot (2013), Kirk (2010); Bungartz, F. 6660 [CDS]
[Anthracothecium ochraceoflavum (Nyl.) Müll. Arg., Verrucaria ochraceoflava Nyl., Verrucaria ochraceoflava f. nudius Nyl., Verrucaria ochraceoflava f. ochraceoflava Nyl.]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Anthracothecium ochraceoflavum, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998), Verrucaria ochraceoflava, fide Index Fungorum, source: Aptroot (2013), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Stewart (1912), Weber (1966, 1986); Bungartz, F. 5262 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 10089 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6260 [CDS], Herrera-Campos, M.A. 10802 [CDS], más...
[Acolium javanicum (Nyl.) Stizenb., Calicium javanicum (Nyl.) Mont. & Bosch, Pyrgillus australiensis F. Wilson, Trachylia javanica (Nyl.) Nyl.]
native, indigenous, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Aptroot, A. 63999 [CDS]
[Circinaria berteroana Fée, Pyxine cocoës var. endoxantha Müll.Arg., Pyxine meissneri Tuck., Pyxine meissneri subsp. connectens Vain., Pyxine meissneri subsp. meissneri Tuck., Pyxine meissneri var. convexula Malme, Pyxine meissneri var. genuina Malme, Pyxine meissneri var. meissneri Tuck., Pyxine meissneri var. physciaeformis Malme, Pyxine meissneri var. physciiformis Malme, Pyxine meissneri var. rinodinoides Vain., Pyxine meissneri var. subobscurascens Malme, Pyxine meissneri var. vulnerata Hue]
native, indigenous, The spelling P. berteriana is an orthographical error. Even though Fée published the basionym as Circinaria berteriana the name refers to Carlo Luigi Giuseppe Bertero and the epithet must therefore correctly be spelled "berteroana", not "berteriana" (Art. 60.1.), source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986)
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz: previously rejected because of confusion in Jughbluth (2010) with P. subcinerea., source: Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 8676 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7788 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6717 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7808 A [CDS], más...
[Circinaria cocoës Fée, Coccocarpia pellita var. cocoës (Fée) Zahlbr., Lecidea cocoës (Sw.) Ach., Lichen cocoës Sw., Lobaria cocoës (Sw.) Räusch]
native, indigenous, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 7202 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64469 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 3874 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8973 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz: Index Fungorum (Kirk 2013) erroneously treats the taxon as synonymous with Pyxine sorediata (Ach.) Mont., based on the Australian Checklist, but this checklist does treat only the Australian records as synonymous; P. eschweileri has ascospores with 4 cells, a P+ red medulla and also differs from P. sorediata by its distribution., source: Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 9674 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7808 B [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4276 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64051 [CDS], más...
[Physcia melanenta C. Knight, Pyxine chrysanthoides Vain., Pyxine chrysanthoides f. chrysanthoides Vain., Pyxine cocoës var. caesiopruinosa Tuck., Pyxine meissneri var. sorediosa Müll.Arg., Pyxine sorediata f. caesiopruinosa (Tuck.) Hue]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Pyxine caesiopruinosa, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998); F. Bungartz: A. Aptroot (pers. comm.) suspected that reports of P. connectens might also belong here, but all COLO specimens identified by W.A. Weber are fertile specimens of P. cocoes., source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 7253 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7235 [CDS]
native, indigenous, source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Clerc, P. 08-200 [CDS], Hillmann, G. GAL-122 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4342 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8682 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, Syn.: Ramalina indica auct. non Fr., Ramalina subasperata auct. non Nyl., Ramalina interponens auct. non Nyl., Ramalina subfraxinea auct. non Nyl., fide Elix & McCarthy (1998), source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007), Dodge (1936), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), Stewart (1912), Weber (1966, 1981, 1986); Bungartz, F. 6196 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7349 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 10106 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64018 [CDS], más...
source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007) Lichenologist 39(6): 528
endemic to Galapagos, Type: ECUADOR, Galapagos, Plaza Sur Island, 0º34’59”S, 90º9’54”W, alt. 1 m, coastal zone; eastern part with scattered and low vegetation of Sesuvium portulacastrum & Tiquilia galapagoa with occasional Opuntia, western part also with scattered shrubs of Grabowskia boerhaaviaefolia, Maytenus octogona, and Castela galapageia, on wood, twig, 21-Feb-2006, A. Aptroot, 64433 (CDS no. 31001—holotype; ABL—isotype)., source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007); Herrera-Campos, M.A. GAL-298 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7865 [CDS], Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 1697 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-68 [CDS], más...
endemic to Galapagos, Type: Ecuador, Galapagos, Santa Cruz Island, Puerto Ayora, near the Charles Darwin Research Station, 0º44’32”S, 90º18’10”W, alt. 5 m, on twigs of coastal shrubs, 24 May 2005, A. Aptroot 63029 (CDS no. 29757—holotype; ABL—isotype)., source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007); Aptroot, A. 63670 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65030 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6014 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8887 [CDS], más...
[Desmazieria peruviana (Ach.) Follmann & Huneck, Ramalina farinacea var. dendroides Müll.Arg., Ramalina farinacea var. squarrosa Müll.Arg., Ramalina javanica Nyl.]
native, indigenous, source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1981, 1986); Nugra, F. 513 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8674 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6282 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-185 [CDS], más...
endemic to Galapagos, Vulnerable A3b, c; Type: Ecuador, Galapagos, Santa Cruz Island, on coastal lava cliffs E of Puerto Ayora near Charles Darwin Research Station, 20 m alt., 29 May 2005, A. Aptroot 63412 (CDS 30176—holotype; ABL—isotype)., source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007); Aptroot, A. 63425 [CDS], Ertz, D. 11679 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63680 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-72 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1981, 1986); Bungartz, F. 3576 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7159 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8490 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64191 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, In Weber (1986) as Ramalina furcellata, fide Aptroot & Bungartz (2007); In Stewart (1912) & Weber (1966, 1981) as Ramalina farinacea; In Dodge (1936) & Weber (1966) as Ramalina dasypoga, source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007), Dodge (1936), Kashiwadani & Kalb (1993), Landrón (1972), Stewart (1912), Weber (1966, 1981, 1986); Aptroot, A. 63381 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63220 B [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63431 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 5070 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, In Stewart (1912) and Linder (1934) as Alectoria sarmentosa, fide Weber (1966), source: Aptroot & Bungartz (2007), Dodge (1936), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Linder (1934), Stewart (1912), Weber (1966, 1981, 1986); Aptroot, A. 64142 [CDS], Jaramillo, P. 2882 [CDS], Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 1487 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 5661 [CDS], más...
[Gyalecta valenzueliana (Mont.) Tuck., Maronea porinoidea Zahlbr., Parmelia valenzueliana Mont., Secoliga valenzueliana (Mont.) Müll.Arg.]
endemic to Galapagos, Type: ECUADOR. Galapagos: Santiago Island, ca. 5 km inland from the E-coast; 0° 16' S, 90° 37' W; Bungartz 5208 (CDS 29421, holotype); previously reported as Carbacanthographis saxiseda (Bungartz et al., 2010) but was found to represent an undescribed taxon (Lücking et al. 2013)., source: Lücking et al. (2103), Bungartz et al. (2009), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1993); Bungartz, F. 5208 [CDS]
[Carbacanthographis saxorum (Egea & Torrente) Lücking & Bungartz, Graphis saxorum Egea & Torrente]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Graphis saxorum, Carbacanthographis saxorum., source: Bungartz et al. (2009) and Lücking et al. (2103)
native, indigenous, yn.: Lobaria patinifera (Taylor) Hue fide Moncada & Lücking (pers. com. April 2014); in Weber (1986) und Elix & McCarthy (1998) as Lobaria dissecta, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Moncada, B. 8492 [CDS], Moncada, B. 8490 [CDS], Moncada, B. 8489 A [CDS], Bungartz, F. 10972 [CDS], más...
[Lecanora colobinoides Nyl.]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Rinodina sipmanii Aptroot, source: Bungartz et al. (2016); Aptroot, A. 65451 [CDS]
native, questionably endem., source: Bungartz et al. (2016)
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2016); Bungartz, F. 4153 [CDS]
[Berengeria oxydata A. Massal., Buellia discolor (Hepp) Anzi, Buellia discolor var. candida (Arnold) Anzi, Buellia discolor var. discolor (Hepp) Anzi, Lecidea discolor Hepp, Rinodina biatorina Körb., Rinodina discolor (Hepp) Arnold, Rinodina discolor var. discolor (Hepp) Arnold, Rinodina discolor var. japonica (Räsänen) M. Satô, Rinodina subarenaria A.L. Sm.]
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2016); Bungartz, F. 6515 A [CDS]
[Roccella capitata B. Werner nom. inval., Roccella colonii Follmann, Roccella geniculata Follmann & B. Werner, Roccella glebaria B. Werner & Follmann, Roccella obscurissima Follmann & B. Werner]
endemic to Galapagos, Syn.: Roccella geniculata, R. glebaria, R. obscurissima Follmann & B. Werner, R. geniculata Follmann & B. Werner, R. fusca B. Werner nom. nud., R. glebaria B. Werner & Follmann nom. nud., R. colonii Follmann, R. capitata Follmann nom. nud., fide Tehler et al. (2009); Holotype: Galápagos, South Plaza Island, abundant on seaward vertical sides of boulders on highest points (S side), ca. 50 ft elev., 1964, W.A. Weber L-39130, Lichenes Exsiccati no. 112; Isotypes: COLO-184895, 186050, UPS, M-0024655, H, S-L21409, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Schofield (1984), Tehler (2007), Tehler et al. (2009), Weber (1981, 1986); Tehler, A. 8725 [CDS], Nugra, F. 481 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8763 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8660 [CDS], más...
[Roccella humboldtiana Follmann, Roccella peruensis Krempelh.]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Roccella babingtonii, R. peruensis, R. difficilis, fide Tehler (2002) and Tehler et al. (2009); F. Bungartz: two collections in FH (Baur sn. FH 197350 and FH 197352, both collections from Floreana) identified as Roccella intricata Mont. are misidentifications of R. gracilis. A Tehler: Roccella intricata Mont. (=Roccellaria mollis (Hampe) Zahlbr.) is the type for the name Roccellaria Darbishire. There is only one species in the genus and it is endemic to Chile; specimens from Galapagos are certainly misidentifications., source: Darbishire (1935), Dodge (1935, 1936), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), Stewart (1912), Tehler (2002), Tehler et al. (2009), Weber (1966, 1981, 1986); Tehler, A. 8715 [CDS], Nugra, F. 912 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 5261 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8613 [CDS], más...
[Roccella margaritifera f. octopodioides B. Werner nom. inval., Roccella octopodioides Follmann nom. nud.]
endemic to Galapagos, Syn.: Roccella octopodioides nom. nud., Roccella margaritifera f. octopodioides fide Tehler et al. (2009); Holotype: Galápagos, San Cristóbal Island, Lobería Pto. Baquerizo, 1991, Sánchez-Pinto 6616 (B-128629), TFMC, source: Tehler et al. (2009), Tehler (2007); Bungartz, F. 3582 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8668 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 9891 [CDS], Jäger, H. 262 [CDS], más...
[Roccella floreana B. Werner nom. orth., pro. syn. et nom superfl., Roccella floteana Follmann nom. nud. et nom. laps, Roccella kappeniana Follmann & B. Werner, Roccella stipitata B. Werner & Follmann, Roccella translucida Follmann & B. Werner, Roccellodea nigerrima Darb.]
endemic to Galapagos, 'Syn.: Roccellodea nigerrima Darb., Roccella translucida Follmann & B. Werner, Roccella incurvata B. Werner, Roccella kappeniana Follmann & B. Werner, Roccella botrytis B. Werner nom. nud., Roccella floribrassica B. Werner nom. nud., Roccella stipitata B. Werner & Follmann nom. nud., Roccella floteana Follmann nom. nud., Roccella floreana B. Werner nom. nud. fide Tehler et al. (2009); Lectotype selected by Tehler (2007): Galápagos Islands, 1872, Hill s.n. (FH), source: Tehler et al. (2009); Tehler, A. 8751 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8655 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64997 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8789 [CDS], más...
[Endocarpon baileyi Stirt., Endocarpon wightii Taylor, Leptotrema baileyi (Stirt.) Shirley, Leptotrema wightii (Taylor) Müll. Arg., Leptotrema wightii f. wightii (Taylor) Müll. Arg., Leptotrema wightii var. wightii (Taylor) Müll. Arg., Myriotrema wightii (Taylor) Hale, Phaeotrema wightii (Taylor) Zahlbr., Thelotrema ravenelii Tuck., Thelotrema wightii (Taylor) Nyl.]
[Glyphis medusulina Nyl.]
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2010)
[Phaeographina ramificans (Kremp.) Zahlbr.]
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2009); Bungartz, F. 3282 [CDS]
[Fulvophyton murex (Egea & Torrente ex Sparrius) Ertz & Tehler]
native, indigenous, source: Aptroot & Sparrius (2008)
[Roccellina leptothalla (Malme) Ertz & Tehler]
native, indigenous, The spelling in Index Fungorum is incorrect, the correct name is Sigridea leptothallina [Tehler, A. 1993. The genus Sigridea [Roccellaceae, Arthoniales, Euascomycetes. Nova Hedwigia 57(3-4): 417-435], source: Aptroot & Sparrius (2008)
[Calicium kylemoriensis Larbal., Calicium leucopodum (Nyl.) Tuck., Cyphelium kylemoriensis (Larbal.) Sacc., Sphinctrina kylemoriensis (Larbal. ex Leight.) Cromb., Sphinctrina pedata (Stenh.) R. Sant.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Etayo (2017)
[Calicium tubaeforme (A. Massal.) R.L. Seym., Cyphelium tubaeforme (A. Massal.) A. Schneid., Sphinctrina tubaeformis A. Massal., Sphinctrina turbinata var. microcephala (Nyl.) Mudd]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Etayo (2017); Spielmann, A.A. 10757 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 5897 [CDS]
native, indigenous, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 7058 C [CDS]
native, indigenous, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1981, 1986)
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2013); Aptroot, A. 64695 A [CDS]
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2010), McDonald et al. (2003); Ertz, D. 11906 B [CDS]
[Biatora fuliginosa (Dicks.) Fr., Biatora fuliginosa var. fuliginosa (Dicks.) Fr., Lichen fuliginosus Hoffm., Stictina fuliginosa (Dicks.) Nyl., Stictina fuliginosa f. firmior Cromb., Stictina fuliginosa f. fuliginosa (Dicks.) Nyl.]
native, indigenous, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), McDonald et al. (2003), Weber (1986)
[Sticta damicornis var. weigelii Ach., Sticta quercizans var. appendiculata Müll.Arg., Stictina quercizans Nyl., Stictina quercizans var. ciliata Müll.Arg., Stictina quercizans var. gaudichaudii (Delise) Nyl., Stictina quercizans var. glaucovirens Jatta, Stictina quercizans var. leucoblephara Müll.Arg., Stictina quercizans var. peruviana (Delise) Nyl., Stictina quercizans var. quercizans (Delise) Nyl., Stictina quercizans var. schizophylliza Nyl., Stictina quercizans var. trichophora Müll.Arg.]
native, indigenous, In Stewart (1912) as Sticta quercizans, fide Weber (1966); In Weber (1966) as Sticta weigelii var. peruviana; Syn.: Sticta quercizans, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998), Stictina quercizans, fide Index Fungorum, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), Stewart (1912), Svenson (1935), Weber (1966, 1986); Bungartz, F. 8000 A [CDS], Bungartz, F. 10960 A [CDS]
[Haploblastia nitidula (Mont.) Trevis.]
native, indigenous, Specimen in COLO: Santa Cruz: on leaves of Eugenia jambos, along trail to Horneman place just above Bellavista, 64131 p.p. (with Byssoloma subdiscordans), det. Vezda; F. Bungartz: specimen not seen!, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 8281 D [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8289 D [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64256 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8282 A [CDS], más...
[Polyblastiopsis obtecta (Vain.) Zahlbr.]
[Phylloporis phyllogena (Müll. Arg.) Clem.]
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2010); Aptroot, A. 64712 [CDS]
[Phyllocharis elegans Fée, Strigula elatior Stirt., Strigula elegans (Fée) Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans f. elegans (Fée) Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans f. fuscata Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans f. hirtella (Fée) Nyl., Strigula elegans subsp. elegans (Fée) Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans subsp. intermedia Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans var. antillarum (Fée) R. Sant., Strigula elegans var. concreta (Fée) Zahlbr., Strigula elegans var. elatior (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Strigula elegans var. elegans (Fée) Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans var. eumorpha Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans var. feei (Mont.) Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans var. intermedia Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans var. oxyloba Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans var. pertenuis Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans var. stellata (Nyl. & Cromb.) R. Sant., Strigula elegans var. subciliata Müll.Arg., Strigula elegans var. tremula Müll.Arg.]
native, indigenous, F. Bungartz & R. Miranda: specimen material identified by R. Lücking very poor., source: Kirk (2010); Rivas Plata, E. 4095 A [CDS]
[Racoplaca subtilissima Fée]
native, indigenous, Specimen in COLO: Santa Cruz: on leaves of Eugenia jambos, along trail to Horneman place just above Bellavista, 64131 p.p. (with Byssoloma subdiscordans), det. Vezda, F. Bungartz: specimen not seen!, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986)
[Leiophloea viridiseda (Nyl.) Trevis., Porina viridiseda (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Verrucaria viridiseda Nyl., Verrucaria viridiseda f. albiseda Nyl., Verrucaria viridiseda f. viridiseda Nyl.]
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2010); Truong, C. 1266 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6277 [CDS]
native, indigenous, In Weber (1986) as Chiodecton farinaceum, fide A. Aptroot (pers. comm.), source: Aptroot & Sparrius (2008), Bungartz et al. (2013), Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 8472 A [CDS], Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 2000 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6984 [CDS], Spielmann, A.A. 8164 [CDS], más...
[Lopadium phyllocharis (Mont.) Fink]
native, indigenous, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Rivas Plata, E. 4100 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8286 C [CDS], Bungartz, F. 7324 A [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63326 B [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2010); Nugra, F. 525 [CDS]
[Borrera chrysophthalma (L.) Ach., Hagenia chrysophthalma (L.) Rabenh., Lichen chrysophthalmus L., Lobaria chrysophthalma (L.) Räuschel, Parmelia chrysophthalma (L.) Ach., Physcia chrysophthalma (L.) DC., Physcia chrysophthalma var. chrysophthalma (L.) DC., Physcia chrysophthalma var. leucoblephara (Müll. Arg.) Shirley, Teloschistes chrysophthalmus f. chrysophthalmus (L.) Beltr., Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. chrysophthalmus (L.) Beltr., Tornabenia chrysophthalma (L.) A. Massal., Xanthoria chrysophthalma (L.) Stizenb.]
[Anaptychia flavicans (Sw.) A. Massal., Borrera flavicans (Sw.) Ach., Borrera flavicans f. flavicans (Sw.) Ach., Borrera flavicans f. laeta Ach., Evernia flavicans (Sw.) Fr., Lichen flavicans Sw., Lobaria flavicans (Sw.) Trevis., Parmelia perlata var. flavicans Tuck., Physcia flavicans (Sw.) DC., Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. flavicans (Sw.) Tuck., Tornabenia flavicans (Sw.) A. Massal., Tornabenia flavicans f. cinerascens Stein, Tornabenia flavicans f. flavicans (Sw.) A. Massal., Xanthoria flavicans (Sw.) H. Olivier]
native, indigenous, source: Dodge (1936), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), LeDee (2000), Stewart (1912), Weber (1966, 1981, 1986); Bungartz, F. 7478 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8641 [CDS], Spielmann, A.A. 10486 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 65363 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2013); Bungartz, F. 10161 [CDS]
[Thamnolia vermicularis var. vermicularis (Sw.) Schaer.]
[Aspidothelium fugiens (Müll.Arg.) R. Sant., Lecania fugiens Müll.Arg.]
[Microglaena inductula (Nyl.) Servít, Polyblastiopsis inductula (Nyl.) Fink]
[Chromatochlamys muscorum (Fr.) H. Mayrh. & Poelt, Chromatochlamys muscorum var. muscorum, Microglaena muscorum (Fr.) Th. Fr., Microglaena muscorum f. muscorum (Fr.) Th. Fr., Microglaena muscorum var. muscorum (Fr.) Th. Fr., Weitenwebera muscorum (Th. Fr.) Körb.]
[Ocellularia cricota F. Wilson, Phaeotrema cricotum (F. Wilson) Müll. Arg., Phaeotrema lacteum (Kremp.) Müll. Arg.]
[Leptotrema lepadodes (Tuck.) Zahlbr., Leptotrema lepadodes var. lepadodes (Tuck.) Zahlbr., Leptotrema monosporum (Nyl.) Müll. Arg. 1892, Leptotrema monosporum f. album (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Leptotrema monosporum f. monosporum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Leptotrema monosporum var. monosporum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Leptotrema monosporum var. patulum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Leptotrema monosporum var. saxatile (C. Knight) Müll. Arg., Thelotrema lepadodes subsp. lepadodes Tuck., Thelotrema lepadodes subsp. sitianum (Vain.) G. Salisb., Thelotrema lepadodes var. endochrysoides Jatta, Thelotrema lepadodes var. lepadodes Tuck., Thelotrema monospermum R.C. Harris, Thelotrema monosporum Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum f. album Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum f. monosporum Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum var. monosporum Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum var. patulum Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum var. subgeminum Nyl.]
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2013); Hillmann, G. GAL-20 [CDS]
[Leptotrema lepadodes (Tuck.) Zahlbr., Leptotrema lepadodes var. lepadodes (Tuck.) Zahlbr., Leptotrema monosporum (Nyl.) Müll. Arg. 1892, Leptotrema monosporum f. album (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Leptotrema monosporum f. monosporum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Leptotrema monosporum var. monosporum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Leptotrema monosporum var. patulum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Leptotrema monosporum var. saxatile (C. Knight) Müll. Arg., Thelotrema lepadodes Tuck., Thelotrema lepadodes subsp. lepadodes Tuck., Thelotrema lepadodes subsp. sitianum (Vain.) G. Salisb., Thelotrema lepadodes var. endochrysoides Jatta, Thelotrema lepadodes var. lepadodes Tuck., Thelotrema monosporum Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum f. album Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum f. monosporum Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum var. monosporum Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum var. patulum Nyl., Thelotrema monosporum var. subgeminum Nyl.]
[Biatora arridens (Nyl.) Walt. Watson, Biatora coarctata (Turner ex Sm.) Th. Fr., Biatora coarctata f. albomarginata (Hazsl.) Oxner, Biatora coarctata f. coarctata (Turner ex Sm.) Th. Fr., Biatora coarctata f. terrestris Flot., Biatora coarctata subsp. coarctata (Turner ex Sm.) Th. Fr., Biatora coarctata var. biatoriza (Vain.) Räsänen, Biatora coarctata var. coarctata (Turner ex Sm.) Th. Fr., Biatora coarctata var. petractis Norman, Biatora coarctata var. trapelia (Ach.) Räsänen, Biatora coarctata var. valamoënsis (Vain.) Räsänen, Gasparrinia coarctata (Turner) Tornab., Lecanactis arridens Nyl., Lecanora coarctata (Turner) Ach., Lecanora coarctata f. albomarginata (Hazsl.) Zahlbr., Lecanora coarctata f. coarctata (Turner) Ach., Lecanora coarctata f. cotaria Ach., Lecanora coarctata f. fulgiana Zahlbr., Lecanora coarctata f. ochrinactella (Vain.) Zahlbr., Lecanora coarctata f. sorediosa (B. de Lesd.) Zahlbr., Lecanora coarctata f. subfumigata (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Lecanora coarctata subsp. angelica Parrique, Lecanora coarctata subsp. coarctata (Turner) Ach., Lecanora coarctata var. argilliseda Dufour ex Schaer., Lecanora coarctata var. biatoriza (Vain.) Zahlbr., Lecanora coarctata var. coarctata (Turner) Ach., Lecanora coarctata var. exposita (Nyl.) Nyl., Lecanora coarctata var. expositella (Vain.) Zahlbr., Lecanora coarctata var. fossulans Stizenb., Lecanora coarctata var. listrata Ach., Lecanora coarctata var. prominula Schaer., Lecanora coarctata var. trapelia (Ach.) Zahlbr., Lecidea arridens Nyl., Lecidea coarctata (Smith) Nyl., Lecidea coarctata f. albomarginata (Hazsl.) Szatala, Lecidea coarctata f. coarctata (Turner) Nyl., Lecidea coarctata f. deliciosula Th. Fr., Lecidea coarctata f. depauperata Leight., Lecidea coarctata f. fulgiana (Chevall.) Zahlbr., Lecidea coarctata f. prominula (Schaer.) Szatala, Lecidea coarctata f. sorediosa B. de Lesd., Lecidea coarctata f. subfumigata Nyl. ex Zwackh, Lecidea coarctata f. terrula Hulting, Lecidea coarctata subsp. coarctata (Turner) Nyl., Lecidea coarctata subsp. dioritica Vain., Lecidea coarctata var. argilliseda (Dufour ex Schaer.) Arnold, Lecidea coarctata var. biatoriza Vain., Lecidea coarctata var. brujeriana Schaer. ex D. Dietr., Lecidea coarctata var. coarctata (Turner) Nyl., Lecidea coarctata var. dioritica (Vain.) Vain., Lecidea coarctata var. exposita Nyl., Lecidea coarctata var. expositella Vain., Lecidea coarctata var. lutosa Zahlbr., Lecidea coarctata var. ochrinactella Vain., Lecidea coarctata var. trapelia (Ach.) Vain., Lecidea fulgiana Chevall., Lichen coarctatus Turner, Parmelia coarctata (Turner) Ach., Parmelia coarctata var. coarctata (Turner) Ach., Parmelia coarctata var. microphyllina Fr., Patellaria coarctata (Turner) Wallr., Rinodina coarctata (Turner) Gray, Zeora coarctata (Turner ex Sm.) Flot., Zeora coarctata f. albomarginata Hazsl., Zeora coarctata f. coarctata (Turner ex Sm.) Flot., Zeora coarctata var. coarctata (Turner ex Sm.) Flot., Zeora coarctata var. variolosa Flot.]
[Biatora coarctata var. elachista (Ach.) Oxner, Biatora coarctata var. glebulosa (Sm.) Arnold, Lecanora coarctata subsp. ornata (Sommerf.) Parrique, Lecanora coarctata var. elacista (Ach.) Schaer., Lecanora elacista (Ach.) A. Massal., Lecanora involuta Taylor, Lecidea coarctata f. elachista (Ach.) Th. Fr., Lecidea coarctata f. glebulosa (Sm.) Leight., Lecidea coarctata var. elachista (Ach.) Th. Fr., Lecidea coarctata var. glebulosa (Sm.) Mudd, Lecidea coarctata var. ornata (Sommerf.) Malbr., Lecidea elacista (Ach.) Hepp, Lecidea glebulosa (Sm.) Jatta, Lecidea gregaria G. Merr., Lecidea ornata (Sommerf.) Hue, Lepidoma glebulosum (Sm.) Gray, Lichen glebulosus Sm., Patellaria elacista (Ach.) Trevis., Patellaria glebulosa (Sm.) Spreng., Psora glebulosa (Sm.) Hook., Trapelia involuta (Taylor) Hertel, Trapelia ornata (Sommerf.) Hertel, Zeora coarctata var. ornata (Sommerf.) Hazsl.]
[Biatora decolorans var. flexuosa (Fr.) Fr., Biatora flexuosa Fr., Biatora granulosa var. flexuosa (Fr.) Flot., Lecidea aeruginosa Borr., Lecidea decolorans subsp. flexuosa (Fr.) Cromb., Lecidea decolorans var. flexuosa (Fr.) Link, Lecidea flexuosa (Fr.) Nyl., Lecidea flexuosa f. aeruginosa (Borrer) Leight., Lecidea flexuosa f. flexuosa Fr., Lecidea flexuosa var. aeruginosa (Borrer) Mudd, Lecidea flexuosa var. flexuosa Fr., Lecidea granulosa subsp. flexuosa (Fr.) Th. Fr., Lecidea granulosa var. flexuosa (Fr.) Schaer., Lecidea sapinea f. aeruginosa (Borrer) Zahlbr., Lecidea sporadiza Stirt.]
[Biatora decolorans (Hoffm.) Fr., Biatora decolorans var. decolorans (Hoffm.) Fr., Biatora granulosa (Hoffm.) Flot., Biatora granulosa f. fusconigra (Nyl.) Räsänen, Biatora granulosa f. granulosa (Ehrh.) Flot., Biatora granulosa var. aporetica (Ach.) Oxner, Biatora granulosa var. granulosa (Ehrh.) Flot., Biatora granulosa var. tectorum Räsänen, Biatora granulosa var. tuberculata Räsänen, Biatora viridescens var. sapinea Fr., Helocarpon granulosum (Hoffm.) M. Choisy, Helocarpon granulosum f. aporetica (Ach.) M. Choisy, Helocarpon granulosum f. granulosum (Ehrh.) M. Choisy, Helocarpon sapineum (Fr.) M. Choisy, Lecanora granulosa (Hoffm.) Ach., Lecanora granulosa var. aporetica Ach., Lecanora granulosa var. granulosa (Ehrh.) Ach., Lecidea decolorans (Hoffm.) Flörke, Lecidea decolorans f. decolorans (Hoffm.) Flörke, Lecidea decolorans f. fusconigra Nyl., Lecidea decolorans subsp. decolorans (Hoffm.) Flörke, Lecidea decolorans subsp. hilaris Nyl., Lecidea decolorans var. decolorans (Hoffm.) Flörke, Lecidea granulosa (Hoffm.) Ach., Lecidea granulosa f. aporetica Ach., Lecidea granulosa f. fusconigra (Nyl.) Th. Fr., Lecidea granulosa f. glomerata Erichsen, Lecidea granulosa f. granulosa (Ehrh.) Ach., Lecidea granulosa f. hilaris (Nyl.) Blomb. & Forssell, Lecidea granulosa subsp. granulosa (Ehrh.) Ach., Lecidea granulosa var. auratilis Erichsen, Lecidea granulosa var. granulosa (Ehrh.) Ach., Lecidea quadricolor (Dicks.) Borrer, Lecidea sapinea (Fr.) Zahlbr., Lecidea sapinea f. sapinea (Fr.) Zahlbr., Lecidea sapinea var. reducta Zahlbr., Lecidea sapinea var. sapinea (Fr.) Zahlbr., Lichen quadricolor Dicks., Patellaria decolorans Hoffm., Trapelia granulosa (Hoffm.) V. Wirth, Verrucaria decolorans (Hoffm.) Hoffm., Verrucaria granulosa Hoffm.]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Lecidea granulosa, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998); specimen in COLO (63337), Santa Cruz, on plant debris, saddle between El Puntudo and Cerro Crocker, 700 m, source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 8188 [CDS]
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2013); Bungartz, F. 7081 A [CDS]
[Astrothelium varium Eschw., Astrothelium varium var. citrinum Eschw., Astrothelium varium var. varium Eschw., Pseudopyrenula eluteriae (Spreng.) Vain., Pseudopyrenula eluteriae subsp. eluteriae (Spreng.) Vain., Pseudopyrenula eluteriae subsp. subsulphurea Vain., Pseudopyrenula eluteriae var. anacardii (Fée) Vain., Pseudopyrenula eluteriae var. eluteriae (Spreng.) Vain., Pseudopyrenula eluteriae var. sprengelii (Ach.) Vain., Trypethelium anacardii Fée, Trypethelium areolatum Mont., Trypethelium assimile Stirt., Trypethelium crocosarca Berk. & Broome, Trypethelium eluteriae var. anacardii (Fée) Zahlbr., Trypethelium eluteriae var. citrinum (Eschw.) Müll.Arg., Trypethelium eluteriae var. nigricans (Fée) Trevis., Trypethelium eluteriae var. sprengelii (Ach.) Zahlbr., Trypethelium eluteriae var. subsulphureum (Vain.) Riddle, Trypethelium eluteriae var. truncatum Müll.Arg., Trypethelium insigne Müll.Arg., Trypethelium leprosulum Zahlbr., Trypethelium luteum Taylor, Trypethelium medians Harm., Trypethelium montagnei Trevis., Trypethelium perrotetii Fée, Trypethelium pringlei Eckfeldt, Trypethelium scitulens Eckfeldt, Trypethelium sprengelii Ach., Trypethelium sprengelii var. nigricans Fée, Trypethelium sprengelii var. sprengelii Ach., Trypethelium subsulphureum (Vain.) Zahlbr., Verrucaria trypetheliiformis Mont.]
[Usnea sulcata Motyka, Usnea torquescens Stirt., Usnea torquescens var. asahinae (Motyka) Asahina, Usnea torquescens var. torquescens Stirt.]
native, indigenous, In Weber (1981, 1986) and Elix & McCarthy (1998) as Usnea paradoxa; no recent specimens; all collections from before 1972, presumed extinct!, source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Truong et al. (2013), Weber (1981, 1986)
[Eumitria baileyi Stirt., Usnea antillarum (Vain.) Zahlbr., Usnea implicata (Stirt.) Zahlbr.]
native, indigenous, In Weber (1986) as Usnea antillarum, fide A. Aptroot (pers. comm.), source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Truong & Clerc (2013); Truong, C. 1449 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-412 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4686 [CDS], Jaramillo, P. 2835 [CDS], más...
[Usnea bornmuelleri var. brasiliensis Zahlbr., Usnea cornuta subsp. brasiliensis (Zahlbr.) P. Clerc]
endemic to Galapagos, source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Truong & Clerc (2016); Bungartz, F. 7701 C [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-173 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-90 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6226 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2018); Truong, C. 1337 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-26 [CDS], Truong, C. 1433 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6793 B [CDS], más...
[Usnea ceratina f. inflata Duby, Usnea confusa Asah., Usnea constrictula Stirt., Usnea inflata (Duby) Motyka, Usnea inflata var. cornuta (Körb.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux, Usnea inflata var. inflata Delise, Usnea intexta Stirt., Usnea intexta var. constrictula (Stirt.) D. Hawksw. & D. Chapm., Usnea intexta var. intexta Stirt., Usnea jelskii Motyka, Usnea subhirta (Vain.) Motyka, Usnea subpectinata Stirt.]
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2018); Bungartz, F. 10948 [CDS]
native, indigenous, Type: JAPAN. Honshu: Prov. Yamato, Dorogawa, Amakawa-mura, Yoshino-gun, 1952, Togashi (lectotype TNS!; % C/M/A: 4/37.5/16; contains usnic, lobaric, norstictic, stictic and constictic acids, unknown US6 (Ohmura 2001)., source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Ohmura (2001), Truong et al. (2011); Clerc, P. 08-241 [CDS], Truong, C. 1218 [CDS], Truong, C. 1226 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-248 B [CDS], más...
[Usnea ceratina var. scabrosa, Usnea rupestris Motyka]
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2018); Aptroot, A. 63319 C [CDS], Aptroot, A. 64670 [CDS]
endemic to Galapagos, Type: Ecuador. Galapagos: Isla Sán Cristóbal, Cerro Mundo, at the top of the rock cliffs on the S side close to the summit, 00°53’S, 89°34’W, 282 m, transition zone with Bursera graveolens, Croton scouleriand Jasminocereus thouarsii, on Jasminocereus thouarsii on the ridge, August 2008, Clerc & Truong 08-405(holotype CDS, isotypes G, CMA: 16/3/61.5; chemistry: usnic acid, unknown medullary metabolite reacting UV+ green after charring)., source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Herrera-Campos et al. (1998), Lumbsch et al. (2010); Clerc, P. 08-405 [CDS], Herrera-Campos, M.A. 10792 [CDS], Nugra, F. 632 B [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-404 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, Type: ECUADOR. Galapagos: Santa Cruz Island, above Mina Granillo, 607 m, upper transition zone, on branches of Scalesia, Truong 1122 (holotype CDS 39433, isotypes G, UPS; % C/M/A: 11/20.5/38. Chemistry: usnic, salazinic, galbinic and norstictic acids.), source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Ohmura et al. (2010), Swinscow & Krog (1979), Truong et al. (2011); Clerc, P. 08-262 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8499 [CDS], Truong, C. 1200 [CDS], Clerc, P. 08-264 [CDS], más...
[Lichen hirtus L., Usnea barbata var. villosa (Ach.) Koltz, Usnea florida f. minutissima Mereschk., Usnea florida f. villosa (Ach.) Zahlbr., Usnea florida var. hirta (L.) Ach., Usnea florida var. villosa Ach., Usnea hirta f. minutissima (Mereschk.) Erichsen, Usnea hirta subsp. comiformis (Motyka ex Räsänen) Motyka, Usnea hirta subsp. hirta (L.) Weber ex F.H. Wigg., Usnea hirta subsp. villosa (Ach.) Räsänen, Usnea hirta var. comiformis Motyka ex Räsänen, Usnea hirta var. minutissima (Mereschk.) Cretz., Usnea plicata var. hirta (L.) Ach., Usnea variolosa Motyka]
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Motyka (1936–38), Truong et al. (2011), Vareschi (1973); Bungartz, F. 8209 [CDS], Truong, C. 1461 [CDS], Herrera-Campos, M.A. 10685 [CDS], Truong, C. 1185 [CDS], más...
[Usnea cirrosa subsp. ramillosa (Motyka) P. Clerc., Usnea cladocarpa Fée]
[Usnea pensylvanica Motyka]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Usnea rubiginea, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998), U. rubiginosa, fide Index Fungorum; In Farlow (1902), Stewart (1912) and Weber (1966) as Usnea ceratina; Type: ENGLAND: 1879, Holmes (holotype BM!; contains usnic, stictic, constictic, menegazziaic and norstictic acids.)., source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Clerc & Usnea (2008), Elix & McCarthy (1998), Farlow (1902), Ohmura (2001, 2008), Stewart (1912), Truong et al. (2011), Weber (1966, 1986); Clerc, P. 08-409 [CDS], Aptroot, A. 63430 B [CDS], Bungartz, F. 8603 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6600 B [CDS], más...
endemic to Galapagos, source: Bungartz et al. (2018)
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2018)
native, indigenous, Type: Ecuador. Galapagos, Isabela, road to Sierra Negra crater, close to la Esperanza, 306 m, farming areas in the humid zone, living fencepost (still with bark) Truong 1194 (holotype CDS 39505, isotypes G, UPS; % C/M/A: 5/30/30. contains usnic, salazinic, galbinic, norstictic acids.), source: Bungartz et al. (2018), Clerc & Usnea (2008), Herrera-Campos et al. (2001), Truong et al. (2011)
native, indigenous, source: Bungartz et al. (2018)
[Schismatomma spieri Aptroot & Sparrius, Vigneronia mexicana Herrera-Camp., Bautista & Lücking]
native, indigenous, Acc. name: Vigneronia spieri (Aptroot & Sparrius) Ertz & Bungartz Type: ECUADOR. Galapagos: Isabela Island, Cerro Alcedo, highest cinder cone along the trail going up the E slope, 0º 23’37”S, 91º01’31”W, 250 m, arid lowlands with basalt outcrops, at the bottom scattered Bursera graveolens trees and shrubs of Castela galapageia, on bark of Bursera graveolens, 10 Mar 2006, Aptroot 65014 (holotype CDS 31595; isotype ABL)., source: Ertz et al. (2014), Aptroot & Sparrius (2008); Yánez-Ayabaca, A. 2049 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 4464 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 6213 [CDS], Tehler, A. 8623 [CDS], más...
[Imbricaria conspersa (Ehrh. ex Ach.) DC., Imbricaria conspersa f. conspersa (Ach.) DC., Imbricaria conspersa f. coralloidea Hazsl., Imbricaria conspersa f. isidiata (Anzi) Arnold, Imbricaria conspersa var. coralloidea Hazsl., Imbricaria conspersa var. munda Hazsl., Lichen conspersus Ehrh. ex Ach., Lobaria conspersa (Ehrh. ex Ach.) P. Gaertn., G. Mey. & Scherb., Parmelia centrifuga var. conspersa (Ehrh. ex Ach.) Schaer., Parmelia conspersa Ach., Parmelia conspersa f. adventiva (Gyeln.) Servít & Nádv., Parmelia conspersa f. alpigena Suza, Parmelia conspersa f. angustiphylla Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. angustissima Hillmann, Parmelia conspersa f. arboricola Kosk.{?}, Parmelia conspersa f. balatonica (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. borealis (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. conspersa (Ehrh. ex Ach.) Ach., Parmelia conspersa f. corallina Kremp., Parmelia conspersa f. corticola Räsänen, Parmelia conspersa f. dentaticola (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. desertorum Elenkin, Parmelia conspersa f. dispersa Mereschk., Parmelia conspersa f. exasperata Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa f. feikaënsis (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. glomulifera Erichsen, Parmelia conspersa f. heteroclyta Mereschk., Parmelia conspersa f. imbricata A. Massal., Parmelia conspersa f. imbricola Mass.{?}, Parmelia conspersa f. isidiata Anzi, Parmelia conspersa f. isidiophora Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa f. lignicola Gyeln. & Fóriss, Parmelia conspersa f. lusitana (Nyl.) Kugan{?}, Parmelia conspersa f. matrae Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. mediterranea (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. microphylla Hillmann, Parmelia conspersa f. montevidensis (Müll. Arg.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. munda (Hazsl.) Zahlbr., Parmelia conspersa f. palmatiramosa Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. parvula Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. phonolitica (Gyeln.) Zahlbr., Parmelia conspersa f. polita Meyen & Flot., Parmelia conspersa f. puebiana (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. pueblana (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. rosettaeformis (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. rosettiformis (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. sorediosa Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa f. stenotera (Stirt.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. subtananarivensis (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. taeniata Anders, Parmelia conspersa f. terricola (J. Steiner & Zahlbr.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa f. vaga Mereschk., Parmelia conspersa f. viriduloumbrina Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa subsp. conspersa (Ehrh. ex Ach.) Ach., Parmelia conspersa var. alpigena Suza, Parmelia conspersa var. ambigua Zahlbr., Parmelia conspersa var. austroafricana (Stirt.) Stizenb., Parmelia conspersa var. benguellensis Vain., Parmelia conspersa var. caespitosa Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. coloradoensis Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. conspersa (Ehrh. ex Ach.) Ach., Parmelia conspersa var. conspersula Nyl., Parmelia conspersa var. constrictans (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Müll. Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. diffracta Mereschk., Parmelia conspersa var. endomiltodes (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. eradicata (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Müll. Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. felkaensis Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. heraultensis Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. hiraultensis Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. hypomelaena Vain., Parmelia conspersa var. imbricata Anzi, Parmelia conspersa var. imitans Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. isidiata (Anzi) E.C. Berry, Parmelia conspersa var. isidiophora Trevis., Parmelia conspersa var. isidiosula Hillmann, Parmelia conspersa var. laciniatula Erichsen, Parmelia conspersa var. lacinulata Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. lusitana (Nyl.) Lettau, Parmelia conspersa var. multipartita R. Br. ex Cromb., Parmelia conspersa var. obtecta Zahlbr., Parmelia conspersa var. palmatiramosa Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. panniculosa Erichsen, Parmelia conspersa var. polyphylla Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. pulvinaris Zahlbr. ex Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. quarzicola Moug., Parmelia conspersa var. rosettaeformis Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. rosettiformis Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. rugulosa Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. stenophylloides Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. strigosa Müll.Arg., Parmelia conspersa var. subconspera (Nyl.) J. Steiner, Parmelia conspersa var. subterricola Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. synestia (Stirt.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. tatrensis Suza, Parmelia conspersa var. thamnidiella (Stirt.) Stizenb., Parmelia conspersa var. vadaskertensis Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa var. verrucigera (Nyl.) Boistel, Parmelia isidiata (Anzi) Gyeln., Parmelia kajensis Gyeln., Parmelia pseudoramigera Gyeln., Pseudoparmelia conspersa]
[Parmelia subramigera Gyeln.]
native, indigenous, Syn.: Parmelia subramigera, fide Elix & McCarthy (1998), source: Elix & McCarthy (1998), Weber (1986); Bungartz, F. 8430 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 5230 [CDS], Jaramillo, P. 2833 [CDS], Bungartz, F. 3657 [CDS], más...
native, indigenous, source: Kirk (2013)