Autores: Ted Esslinger
Publicación: This version (Version #22, 29 January 2018) of the checklist is being simultaneously published online by North Dakota State University, and in Opuscula Philolichenum 17: 6-268.
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Localidad: Continental United States of America and Canada
Resumen: Version 22 of the checklist of lichen-forming, lichenicolous and allied fungi occurring in North America north of Mexico is presented. It includes a total of 5,561 species in 755 genera, with an additional 41 subspecies, 44 varieties, and 3 forms. The total species number includes 615 lichenicolous fungi, 107 saprophytic fungi related to lichens or to lichenicolous fungi, and another 53 species of varying and/or uncertain biological status.

Please click here to download the Reference List as a PDF.

Notas: The original checklist and its previous versions is available online at this website of North Dakota State University.

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Familias: 173
Géneros: 764
Especies: 5563
Total de Taxa (details): 5604

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* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Kocourková et al. (2012)
[Abrothallus glabratulae Kotte]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Diederich (2003)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Goward et al. (1996)
[Lichenoconium cladoniae (Ellis & Everh.) Petr. & Syd., Sphaeropsis cladoniae Ellis & Everh.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Suija et al. (2015)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Suija et al. (2015)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Lendemer & Knudsen (2008b)
[Lecidea parmeliarum f. microsperma (Tul.) Stizenb.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Cole & Hawksworth (2001)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Suija et al. (2015)
[Abrothallus parmeliarum f. parmeliarum (Sommerf.) Nyl., Abrothallus parmeliarum var. parmeliarum (Sommerf.) Nyl., Abrothallus smithii Tul., Buellia parmeliarum (Sommerf.) Tuck., Buellia smithii (Tul.) Jatta, Buelliella parmeliarum (Sommerf.) Fink]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Diederich (2003)
[Abrothallus parmeliarum f. prodiens Harm., Buellia prodiens (Harm.) H. Olivier, Lecidea prodiens Harm.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Spribille et al. (2010)
[Leciographa suecica Kirschst.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Diederich (2003)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Cole & Hawksworth (2001)
[Buellia lepidophila var. usneae (Rabenh.) H. Olivier, Buellia usneae (Rabenh.) Jatta, Buelliella usneae (Rabenh.) Fink]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Cole & Hawksworth (2001)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
source: Spribille et al. (2009)
source: Spribille et al. (2009)
[Gyalecta geoica f. trivialis Tuck.]
[Graphina intertexta (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris, Graphis intertexta Müll.Arg.]
source: Staiger (2002)
source: Lendemer & Harris (2014a)
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Seavey et al. (2017)
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Muscavitch & Lendemer (2016)
source: Staiger & Kalb (1999)
[Acanthothecis abaphoides (Nyl.) Staiger & Kalb, Graphina abaphoides (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Graphis leucopepla Tuck.]
source: Tripp et al. (2010)
source: Lendemer & Harris (2014a)
[Graphina subvirginalis (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Graphis mosquitensis Tuck.]
source: Tripp et al. (2010)
source: Lendemer & Harris (2014a)
[Graphina peplophora M. Wirth & Hale]
source: Tripp et al. (2010)
[Graphis poitaeoides Nyl.]
source: Tripp et al. (2010)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Kocourková & Hawksworth (2008)
source: Knudsen (2007a)
[Acarospora cinereoalba (Fink) H. Magn., Acarospora superfusa H. Magn., Acarospora superfusca H. Magn.]
Acarospora superfusa is NOT a synonym!, source: Knudsen et al. (2011b)
[Acarospora californica Zahlbr., Lecanora badiofusca Nyl., Sarcogyne athroocarpa H. Magn.]
source: Knudsen & Kocourková (2013)
[Acarospora asperata H. Magn.]
source: Knudsen et al. (2014b); McCune et al. (2014b)
source: Knudsen (2007a)
source: Knudsen (2007a), Knudsen et al. (2008a)
source: Knudsen (2007a)
[Acarospora cervina f. normalis A. Massal., Lecanora cervina Nyl., Lecanora cervina var. argillacea Arnold, Lecanora cervina var. cervina Ach., Lecanora cervina var. effigurata Sommerf., Lecanora cervina var. endocarpoidea Sommerf., Lecanora cervina var. erythrocarpa Malbr., Parmelia cervina (Ach.) Hepp, Parmelia cervina var. cervina (Ach.) Hepp, Parmelia cervina var. perceana Fr., Parmelia cervina var. protuberans Schaer., Placodium cervinum (Ach.) Link, Placodium cervinum var. cervinum (Ach.) Link, Placodium cervinum var. percaenum Müll.Arg., Psoroma cervinum (Ach.) Gray, Squamaria cervina (Ach.) Duby]
source: Knudsen et al. (2008a)
[Biatorella clauzadeana Llimona & Vězda]
source: Brodo et al. (2001), Knudsen (2007a)
[Acarospora albomarginata (Herre) Salisb., Acarospora washingtonensis H. Magn.]
[Acarospora albida H. Magn.]
source: Knudsen (2005a)
[Acarospora chlorophana (Wg.) Ach., Acarospora chlorophana f. chlorophana (Wahlenb.) A. Massal., Acarospora chlorophana f. dissoluta H. Magn., Acarospora chlorophana var. biatoroidea Räsänen, Acarospora chlorophana var. chlorophana (Wahlenb.) A. Massal., Acarospora chlorophana var. lecanoroidea Räsänen, Acarospora texana H. Magn., Acarospora weldensis H. Magn., Acarosporomyces chlorophanus (Wahlenb.) Cif. & Tomas., Gussonea chlorophana (Wahlenb.) Tournab., Lecanora chlorophana (Wahlenb.) Ach., Lichen chlorophanus (Wahlenb.) Wahlenb., Myriospora chlorophana (Wahlenb.) Hepp, Parmelia chlorophana Wahlenb., Placodium chlorophanum (Wahlenb.) Flot., Pleopsidium chlorophanum (Wahlenb.) Zopf, Teloschistes chlorophanus (Wahlenb.) Norman]
source: Knudsen (2007a)
[Acarospora cartilaginea H. Magn., Acarospora squamulosa f. albomarginata (Cromb.) A.L. Sm., Acarospora squamulosa f. marginata Cromb., Acarospora squamulosa f. squamulosa (Ach.) Trevis., Acarospora squamulosa var. incusa (Körb.) Zahlbr., Acarospora squamulosa var. squamulosa (Ach.) Trevis., Acarospora veronensis var. fuscata (Nyl.) Arnold, Lecanora badia var. fuscata Ach., Lecanora fuscata Röhl., Lecanora fuscata var. fuscata Nyl., Lecanora fuscata var. pelioscyphoides Nyl., Lecanora fuscata var. peliscyphoides Nyl., Lichen fuscatus Schrad. nom. cons.]
[Acarospora cervina f. depauperata Körb., Acarospora glaucocarpa f. conspersa Th. Fr., Acarospora glaucocarpa f. glaucocarpa (Ach.) Körb., Acarospora glaucocarpa f. ostreata Anzi, Acarospora glaucocarpa var. depauperata (Körb.) A.L. Sm., Acarospora glaucocarpa var. glaucocarpa (Ach.) Körb., Acarospora percaenoides (Nyl.) Flagey, Lecanora castanea f. percaenoides Nyl., Lecanora glaucocarpa (Ach.) Ach., Lecanora glaucocarpa f. conspersa (Th. Fr.) Cromb., Lecanora glaucocarpa f. glaucocarpa (Ach.) Ach., Lecanora glaucocarpa var. endocarpoides Vain., Lecanora glaucocarpa var. glaucocarpa (Ach.) Ach., Lecanora glaucocarpa var. sarcogynoides Vain., Lecanora percaenoides Nyl., Lichen glaucocarpus (Ach.) Wahlenb., Myriospora glaucocarpa (Ach.) Hepp, Parmelia glaucocarpa Ach., Placodium glaucocarpum (Ach.) Müll.Arg.]
[Acarospora rubicunda H. Magn.]
[Acarospora atrata Hue, Acarospora opaca H. Magn., Acarospora opaca f. opaca H. Magn., Lecanora impressula (Th. Fr.) Nyl.]
# = various fungi of uncertain status: e.g.: those which are questionably or weakly lichen-forming; or algicolous/saprophytic; or parasitic when young but saprophytic or lichen-forming when mature; or lichenicolous lichens.
source: Lumbsch et al. (2011)
source: Knudsen & Kocourková (2015)
[Aspicilia excavata G. Thor & Timdal, Aspicilia moenium (Vain.) Thor & Timdal, Endocarpon moenium Vain.]
source: Nordin et al. (2009)
# = various fungi of uncertain status: e.g.: those which are questionably or weakly lichen-forming; or algicolous/saprophytic; or parasitic when young but saprophytic or lichen-forming when mature; or lichenicolous lichens., source: Knudsen (2011a)
[Acarospora caesiofusca (Mull. Arg.) H. Magn.]
source: Knudsen & Morse (2009)
[Acarospora geogena H. Magn., Acarospora geophila H. Magn., Acarospora reagens Zahlbr.]
[Acarospora ferdinandii (Müll.Arg.) Hue, Parmelia nodulosa Dufour, Placodium ferdinandii Müll.Arg., Placodium nodulosum (Dufour) Müll. Arg., Urceolaria nodulosa (Dufour) Schaer.]
[Acarospora incertula H. Magn.]
source: Knudsen (2007a)
[Acarospora carnegiei Zahlbr., Acarospora instrata H. Magn., Acarospora tucsonensis H. Magn., Lecanora obpallens Nyl.]
[Acarospora glebosa Almq.]
source: Knudsen (2010 [2011])
source: Knudsen (2007a)
[Acarospora squamulosa (Schrad.) Trevis., Lichen squamulosus Schrad., Parmelia peliocypha Wahlenb., Parmelia squamulosa Ach.]
source: Knudsen et al. (2011b)
source: Knudsen (2007a)
source: Knudsen et al. (2010)
source: Knudsen (2007a), Knudsen et al. (2008a)
[Acarospora montana H. Magn.]
[Acarospora ocellata H. Magn., Acarospora subcontigua H. Magn., Aspicilia schleicheri (Ach.) Pit. & Harm., Lecanora schleicheri (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora schleicheri f. radicans Nyl., Lecanora schleicheri f. schleicheri (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora schleicheri var. microcarpa Nyl., Lecanora schleicheri var. schleicheri (Ach.) Nyl., Parmelia schleicheri (Ach.) Fr., Placodium schleicheri (Ach.) Boistel, Urceolaria schleicheri Ach.]
[Acarospora smaragdula var. sinopica (Wahlenb.) A. Massal., Endocarpon sinopicum Wahlenb., Lecanora sinopica (Wahlenb.) Sommerf., Lichen sinopicus (Wahlenb.) Sm., Myriospora sinopica (Wahlenb.) Hepp, Zeora sinopica (Wahlenb.) Flot.]
[Acarospora amabilis H. Magn., Acarospora evoluta H. Magn., Acarospora intercedens H. Magn., Acarospora radicata H. Magn., Acarospora rimulosa H. Magn., Acarospora subalbida H. Magn.]
# = various fungi of uncertain status: e.g.: those which are questionably or weakly lichen-forming; or algicolous/saprophytic; or parasitic when young but saprophytic or lichen-forming when mature; or lichenicolous lichens.
[Acarospora nigromarginata B. de Lesd., Acarospora peltastica Zahlbr., Acarospora peltata Hasse, Acarospora strigata f. longispora H. Magn., Acarospora utahensis H. Magn.]
[Acarospora interspersa H. Magn.]
[Acarospora americana H. Magn., Acarospora cinereoalba (Fink) H. Magn., Acarospora superfusca H. Magn.]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Lendemer & Knudsen (2011)
[Acarospora interposita H. Magn., Acarospora interposita var. nitidella H. Magn., Acarospora nitidella (H. Magn.) K. Knudsen ined., Acarospora thermophila Herre]
[Acarospora pleiospora (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Acarospora pleistospora (Nyl.) Hasse, Lecanora pleiospora J. Steiner, Lecanora pleiospora var. pleiospora J. Steiner, Lecanora pleiospora var. zimmermannii Servít, Lecanora pleistospora J. Steiner, Lecanora thelococcoides Nyl.]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Knudsen & Kocourková (2017)
[Acarospora variegata H. Magn.]
source: Knudsen (2007a)
[Acarospora applanata H. Magn., Acarospora magnussonii Samp., Acarospora obscura H. Magn., Acarospora tenebrica H. Magn.]
[Cyphelium chloroconium (Tuck.) Zahlbr.]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21)
[Acolium tympanellum (Ach.) Gray, Calicium inquinans (Sm.) Schaer., Calicium tympanellum Ach., Cyphelium inquinans (Sm.) Trevisan, Cyphelium inquinans f. inquinans (Sm.) Trevis., Cyphelium tympanellum (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea tympanella (Ach.) Link, Lichen inquinans Sm., Trachylia inquinans (Sm.) Rabenh., Trachylia tympanella (Ach.) Fr.]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21)
[Cyphelium lucidum var. karelicum Vain.]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21)
[Calicium sessile var. marginatum Turner & Borrer, Cyphelium inquinans var. sessile (Pers.) Schaer., Cyphelium sessile (Pers.) Trevisan, Trachylia sessilis (Pers.) Rabenh.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), significant change since the previous checklist version (#21)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Spribille et al. (2010)
[Arthopyrenia cavata (Ach.) R.C. Harris, Verrucaria cavata Ach.]
[Acrocordia conoidea f. carnea Arnold, Acrocordia epipolaea (Borrer) A.L. Sm., Arthopyrenia conoidea (Fr.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia conoidea var. conoidea (Fr.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia conoidea var. suzae Vězda, Arthopyrenia conoidea var. triseptata (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia epipolaea (Borrer) A. Massal., Leiophloea conoidea (Fr.) Trevis., Sagedia conoidea (Fr.) Hepp, Thelidium conoideum (Fr.) Kremp., Verrucaria conoidea Fr., Verrucaria conoidea var. conoidea Fr., Verrucaria conoidea var. triseptata Nyl., Verrucaria epipolaea Borrer, Verrucaria epipolaea var. epipolaea Ach., Verrucaria epipolaea var. orbicularis Garov., Verrucaria epipolaea var. rugulosa Schaer.]
[Acrocordia alba (Schrad.) B. de Lesd., Arthopyrenia alba (Schrad.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia alba var. alba (Schrad.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia alba var. subdissoluta Erichsen, Arthopyrenia gemmata (Ach.) A. Massal., Arthopyrenia sphaeroides (Wallr.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia sphaeroides var. glauca (Körb.) Erichsen, Arthopyrenia sphaeroides var. sphaeroides (Wallr.) Zahlbr., Leiophloea alba (Schrad.) Riedl, Leiophloea gemmata (Ach.) Gray, Lichen gemmatus Ach., Pyrenula gemmata (Ach.) Nägeli, Pyrenula gemmata var. gemmata (Ach.) Nägeli, Pyrenula gemmata var. tersa (Körb.) J.J. Kickx, Sagedia gemmata (Ach.) Stizenb., Segestrella gemmata (Ach.) Branth & Rostr., Thelidium gemmatum (Ach.) Kremp., Verrucaria alba Schrad., Verrucaria gemmata (Ach.) Ach.]
source: Lendemer & Harris (2014b)
[Arthopyrenia finkii Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia macrospora Fink, Pyrenula megalospora Fink]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
[Lecidea lyngeana Zahlbr., Lecidea subauriculata Lynge (non B. de Lesd.) nom. illegit.]
Lecidea subauriculata Lynge (non B. de Lesd.) nom . illegit. is a synonym; but the legitimate homonym Lecidea subauriculata B. de Lesd. should be transferred into Lecidella.
source: Hertel (2004)
[Amphoroblastia allobata (Stizenb.) Servít, Polyblastia allobata (Stizenb.) Zschacke, Verrucaria allobata Stizenb.]
source: Fryday (2001)
[Amphoroblastia gelatinosa (Ach.) Servít, Amphoroblastia nigrata (Nyl.) Servít, Chromatochlamys gelatinosa (Ach.) Trevis., Endocarpon gelatinosum (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Polyblastia gelatinosa (Ach.) Th. Fr., Polyblastia nigrata (Nyl.) Lönnr., Pyrenula gelatinosa (Ach.) Schaer., Sphaeromphale nigrata (Nyl.) Mudd, Verrucaria gelatinosa Ach., Verrucaria nigrata Nyl.]
source: Sérusiaux et al. (1999)
[Phaeophyscia opuntiella (Buschardt & Poelt) Hafellner, Physcia opuntiella Buschardt & Poelt]
source: Lendemer (2004c)
[Acarospora fuscata f. tristicula (Nyl.) H. Magn., Acrocordia tristicula (Nyl.) A. Massal., Polyblastia tristicula (Nyl.) Arnold, Sporodictyon tristiculum (Nyl.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Verrucaria tristicula Nyl.]
[Agyrium rufum var. pallens Fr., Agyrium rufum var. rufum (Pers.) Fr., Biatora grumosa (Leight.) Walt. Watson, Lecidea grumosa Leight., Stictis rufa Pers., Xylographa parallela f. pallescens Fr.]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates
[Tuckermannopsis aurescens (Tuck.) Hale, Tuckermanopsis aurescens (Tuck.) Hale]
source: Thell et al. (1995)
[Tuckermannopsis pallidula (Tuck. ex Riddle) Hale, Tuckermanopsis pallidula (Tuck. ex Riddle) Hale]
source: Thell et al. (1995)
[Parmelia sphaerosporella Müll.Arg.]
source: Brodo & Lendemer (2015)
[Alectoria osteina Nyl., Cornicularia lata Taylor]
[Alectoria ochroleuca f. citrina Räsänen, Alectoria ochroleuca f. tenuior Cromb., Alectoria ochroleuca var. citrina (Räsänen) D. Hawksw., Bryopogon ochroleucus (Hoffm.) Link, Bryopogon ochroleucus f. intricatus Gyeln., Bryopogon ochroleucus f. japonicus Gyeln., Bryopogon ochroleucus f. ochroleucus (Hoffm.) Link, Bryopogon ochroleucus var. ochroleucus (Hoffm.) Link, Bryopogon ochroleucus var. rigidus (Fr.) Hazsl., Bryopogon ochroleucus var. tenuior (Cromb.) Gyeln., Bryopogon ochroleucus var. tenulor (Cromb.) Gyeln., Cornicularia ochroleuca (Hoffm.) DC., Cornicularia ochroleuca var. ochroleuca (Hoffm.) DC., Cornicularia ochroleuca var. rigida (Fr.) Schaer., Evernia ochroleuca (Hoffm.) Fr., Evernia ochroleuca var. ochroleuca (Hoffm.) Fr., Evernia ochroleuca var. rigida Fr., Parmelia ochroleuca f. ochroleuca (Hoffm.) Ach., Parmelia ochroleuca var. ochroleuca (Hoffm.) Ach., Usnea ochroleuca Hoffm.]
[Alectoria luteola Mont., Alectoria stigmata Bystrek, Alectoria subsarmentosa Stirt.]
[Alectoria cincinnata (Fr.) Lynge, Alectoria cincinnata f. vexillifera (Nyl.) Savicz, Alectoria cincinnata var. vexillifera (Nyl.) Räsänen, Alectoria ochroleuca subsp. vexillifera Nyl., Alectoria ochroleuca var. cincinnata (Fr.) Nyl., Alectoria sarmentosa f. vexillifera (Nyl.) H. Magn., Alectoria sarmentosa subsp. vexillifera (Nyl.) D. Hawksw., Alectoria sarmentosa var. cincinnata (Fr.) Nyl., Bryopogon cincinnatus (Fr.) Gyeln., Bryopogon cincinnatus f. adventivus Gyeln., Bryopogon cincinnatus f. cincinnatus (Fr.) Gyeln., Bryopogon vexilliferus (Nyl.) Gyeln., Evernia ochroleuca var. cincinnata Fr.]
source: McMullin et al. (2016)
[Hypogymnia almquistii (Vain.) Rass., Parmelia almquistii Vain., Parmelia almquistii f. almquistii Vain., Parmelia almquistii f. opaca Lynge]
[Brodoa atrofusca (Schaer.) Goward, Hypogymnia alpicola (Th. Fr.) Hav., Hypogymnia alpicola f. alpicola (Th. Fr.) Hav., Hypogymnia alpicola f. nitida (Vain.) Rass., Hypogymnia alpicola f. opaca (Vain.) Rass., Hypogymnia atrofusca (Schaer.) Räsänen, Hypogymnia atrofusca f. atrofusca (Schaer.) Räsänen, Hypogymnia atrofusca f. nitida (Vain.) Räsänen, Hypogymnia atrofusca f. opaca (Vain.) Räsänen, Hypogymnia intestiniformis var. atrofusca (Schaer.) Poelt, Imbricaria alpicola (Th. Fr.) Arnold, Parmelia alpicola Th. Fr., Parmelia alpicola f. alpicola Th. Fr., Parmelia alpicola f. aperta Å.E. Dahl, Lynge & Schol., Parmelia alpicola f. luxurians Frey, Parmelia alpicola f. nitida Vain., Parmelia alpicola f. opaca Vain., Parmelia atrofusca (Schaer.) Cromb., Parmelia atrofusca f. atrofusca (Schaer.) Cromb., Parmelia atrofusca f. luxurians (Frey) Zahlbr., Parmelia atrofusca f. nitida (Vain.) Zahlbr., Parmelia atrofusca f. opaca (Vain.) Zahlbr., Parmelia ceratophylla var. atrofusca Schaer., Parmelia intestiniformis var. atrofusca (Schaer.) Hasselrot]
[Parmelia siberica]
source: Spribille et al. (2009a)
[Calicium adaequatum Nyl., Calicium adequatum Nyl., Calicium hemisphaericum G.E. Howard, Embolidium adaequatum (Nyl.) Vain.]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Prieto & Wedin (2017)
[Dactylina madreporiformis (Ach.) Tuck., Dactylina madreporiformis f. madreporiformis (With.) Tuck., Dufourea madreporiformis (Ach.) Ach., Evernia madreporiformis (With.) Fr., Isidium madreporiforme (With.) Chevall., Parmelia madreporiformis (With.) Spreng., Siphula madreporiformis (With.) Duby]
source: Kärnefelt & Thell (1996)
[Evernia stracheyi C. Bab.]
source: Thell et al. (2009)
[Opegrapha bicolor R.C. Harris & Lendemer]
source: Ertz & Tehler (2011)
[Opegrapha leightonii Cromb., Opegrapha mougeotii A. Massal.]
source: Frisch et al. (2014)
[Opegrapha ochrocheila Nyl.]
source: Ertz & Tehler (2011)
[Alyxoria diaphora (Ach.) Gray, Alyxoria notha (Ach.) Gray, Graphis notha (Ach.) Trevis., Graphis varia (Pers.) Branth & Rostr., Lichen nothus Ach., Lichen signatus Ach., Opegrapha chlorina Pers., Opegrapha diaphora (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha diaphora f. diaphora (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha diaphora f. herbicola Nyl., Opegrapha diaphora f. signata (Ach.) J. Nowak, Opegrapha diaphora f. tigrina (Ach.) J. Nowak, Opegrapha diaphora var. chlorina (Pers.) H. Olivier, Opegrapha diaphora var. diaphora (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha diaphora var. mexicana B. de Lesd. ex Ruiz{?}, Opegrapha diaphora var. signata (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha diaphora var. stellata Sántha, Opegrapha diaphora var. tigrina (Ach.) H. Olivier, Opegrapha diaphora var. tridens (Ach.) H. Olivier, Opegrapha lichenoides Pers., Opegrapha lichenoides f. cerebrina (Erichsen) J. Nowak, Opegrapha lichenoides f. chlorina (Pers.) Erichsen, Opegrapha lichenoides f. lichenoides Pers., Opegrapha lichenoides f. octomera Redinger, Opegrapha lichenoides f. populina (Moug.) Zahlbr., Opegrapha lichenoides var. cerebrina Erichsen, Opegrapha lichenoides var. chlorina (Pers.) Redinger, Opegrapha lichenoides var. lichenoides Pers., Opegrapha lichenoides var. populina (Moug.) Erichsen, Opegrapha lichenoides var. subchondrina Redinger, Opegrapha notha (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha notha var. notha (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha notha var. populina Moug., Opegrapha notha var. spaniota Ach., Opegrapha pulicaris (Hoffm.) Schrader, Opegrapha pulicaris f. lutescens (Ach.) Nyl., Opegrapha pulicaris f. minuta (Chevall.) H. Olivier, Opegrapha pulicaris f. phaea (Ach.) H. Olivier, Opegrapha pulicaris f. pollinii (A. Massal.) Redinger, Opegrapha pulicaris f. pulicaris (Hoffm.) Schrad., Opegrapha rimalis Pers. ex Ach., Opegrapha rimalis var. betulina H. Olivier, Opegrapha rimalis var. rimalis Ach., Opegrapha signata (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha signata var. beta Ach., Opegrapha signata var. signata (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha signata var. tigrina Ach., Opegrapha tridens Ach., Opegrapha varia Pers., Opegrapha varia f. pulicaris, Opegrapha varia f. varia Pers., Opegrapha varia f. xanthocarpa Zwackh, Opegrapha varia var. chlorina (Pers.) H. Olivier, Opegrapha varia var. diaphora (Ach.) Fr., Opegrapha varia var. glomerulans Müll.Arg., Opegrapha varia var. heterocarpa Müll.Arg., Opegrapha varia var. lichenoides (Pers.) Hepp, Opegrapha varia var. notha (Ach.) Fr., Opegrapha varia var. phaea (Ach.) Rabenh., Opegrapha varia var. pulicaris (Hoffm.) Fr., Opegrapha varia var. rimalis (Ach.) Fr., Opegrapha varia var. varia, Scaphis notha (Ach.) Eschw.]
source: Ertz & Tehler (2011)
[Buellia adjuncta Th. Fr., Karschia adjuncta (Th. Fr.) Arnold]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Hafellner (2004b)
[Rinodina cacuminum (Th. Fr.) Malme]
source: Mayrhofer & Sheard (2002)
[Buellia coniops (Wahlenb.) Th. Fr., Buellia coniops f. cervinogranulata I.M. Lamb, Buellia coniops f. coniops (Wahlenb.) Th. Fr., Buellia coniops f. incrassata I.M. Lamb, Buellia coniops f. verrucosa I.M. Lamb, Buellia coniops var. cervinogranulata I.M. Lamb, Buellia coniops var. coniops (Wahlenb.) Th. Fr., Lecidea coniops Wahlenb., Lecidea coniops var. aequata Ach., Lecidea coniops var. coniops Wahlenb.]
[Rinodina dakotensis H. Magn., Rinodina finkii H. Magn., Rinodina inaequalis H. Magn., Rinodina pennsylvanica H. Magn., Rinodina pyriniformis H. Magn., Rinodina subplumbea H. Magn.]
source: Sheard & May (1997)
[Buellia efflorescens Müll.Arg., Buellia efflorescens var. diminutiva (Vain.) Imshaug, Buellia efflorescens var. efflorescens Müll.Arg.]
source: Marbach (2000)
source: Lücking et al. (2011b)
[Buellia langloisii Imshaug ex Marbach]
source: Marbach (2000)
source: Tønsberg et al. (2012)
[Rinodina milliaria Tuck.]
source: Sheard & May (1997)
[Buellia polyspora (Will.) Vain., Buellia punctata var. polyspora (Willey) Fink]
source: Sheard & May (1997)
[Buellia myriocarpa (DC.) Mudd, Buellia myriocarpa f. crassior Erichsen, Buellia myriocarpa f. demissaeformis Malme, Buellia myriocarpa f. depauperata (Anzi) Walt. Watson, Buellia myriocarpa f. litoralis Erichsen, Buellia myriocarpa f. myriocarpa (DC.) De Not., Buellia myriocarpa f. rorigera Th. Fr., Buellia myriocarpa f. stigmatea (Schaer.) Stein, Buellia myriocarpa var. chloropolia (Fr.) Th. Fr., Buellia myriocarpa var. myriocarpa (DC.) De Not., Buellia myriocarpa var. pallescens Th. Fr., Buellia myriocarpa var. polyspora Willey, Buellia myriocarpa var. punctiformis (Hoffm.) Mudd, Buellia myriocarpa var. stigmatea (Körb.) H. Olivier, Buellia parasema var. stigmatea (Schaer.) Flagey, Buellia praecavenda (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Arnold, Buellia punctata (Hoffm.) Mass., Buellia punctata f. crassior (Erichsen) Zahlbr., Buellia punctata f. globosa Erichsen, Buellia punctata f. litoralis (Erichsen) Zahlbr., Buellia punctata f. marcidula Zahlbr., Buellia punctata f. micula Erichsen, Buellia punctata f. perminuta (Arnold) Zahlbr., Buellia punctata f. punctata (Hoffm.) A. Massal., Buellia punctata f. punctiformis (Hoffm.) Hazsl., Buellia punctata f. rorigera (Th. Fr.) Zahlbr., Buellia punctata var. aequata (Ach.) Zahlbr., Buellia punctata var. excelsa (Leight.) Sheard, Buellia punctata var. litoralis (Erichsen) Erichsen, Buellia punctata var. punctata (Hoffm.) A. Massal., Buellia punctata var. punctiformis (Hoffm.) Oxner, Buellia punctata var. saprophila (Ach.) Anzi, Buellia punctata var. stigmatea (Schaer.) Servít & Nádv., Buellia punctata var. virens J. Steiner, Buellia stigmatea f. depauperata Anzi, Karschia myriocarpa (DC.) Sacc. & Traverso, Karschia myriocarpa var. myriocarpa (DC.) Sacc. & Traverso, Karschia myriocarpa var. punctiformis (Hoffm.) Sacc. & Traverso, Karschia thalloides, Karschia thallophila (Ohlert) Rehm, Lecidea myriocarpa (DC.) Röhl., Lecidea myriocarpa f. areolata Leight., Lecidea myriocarpa f. ecrustacea Leight., Lecidea myriocarpa f. leprosa Leight., Lecidea myriocarpa f. myriocarpa (DC.) Röhl., Lecidea myriocarpa f. opegraphina Leight., Lecidea myriocarpa f. punctiformis Hoffm., Lecidea praecavenda Nyl. ex Cromb., Lecidea punctata var. stigmatea Schaer., Lecidella thallophila Ohlert, Lichen myriocarpus (DC.) Lam., Patellaria myriocarpa DC.]
[Buellia disciformis var. subduplicata Vain., Buellia subduplicata (Vain.) Kalb]
source: Marbach (2000)
source: Marbach (2000)
source: Fryday & Coppins (2008)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Zhurbenko & Braun (2013)
[Sphaeria bufonia Berk. & Broome]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Perlmutter et al. (2017)
source: Seavey et al. (2014)
[Huilia consentiens (Nyl.) Hertel, Lecidea consentiens Nyl., Lecidea scutulata Stirt.]
[Huilia elegantior (H. Magn.) Hertel, Lecidea elegantior H. Magn.]
[Huilia panaeola (Ach.) Hertel, Lecidea panaeola Ach., Lecidea panaeola f. elegans Th. Fr., Lecidea panaeola f. obliterata Leight., Lecidea panaeola f. panaeola Ach., Lecidea panaeola f. subconsentiens Leight., Lecidea panaeola f. vulgaris Th. Fr., Lecidea panaeola var. panaeola Ach.]
[Aspicilia athroocarpa (Sm. & Sowerby) Mudd, Aspicilia pelobotrya Wahlenb., Aspicilia pelobotrya var. gyrocarpa Savicz, Aspicilia pelobotrya var. pelobotrya (Wahlenb.) Th. Fr., Lecanora pelobotrya (Wahlenb.) Sommerf., Lecidea pelobotrya (Wahlenb.) Leight., Lecidea pelobotrya f. obliterata (Leight.) I.M. Lamb, Lecidea pelobotrya f. pelobotrya (Wahlenb.) Leight., Lecidea pelobotrya f. subconsentiens (Leight.) I.M. Lamb, Lichen pelobotryus Wahlenb., Parmelia pelobotrya (Wahlenb.) Hepp, Urceolaria pelobotryon Wahlenb.]
[Lecidea pulcherrima Vain., Psora pulcherrima (Vain.) Elenkin, Psora pulcherrima var. elegantula Elenkin, Psora pulcherrima var. pulcherrima (Vain.) Elenkin]
[Anaptychia stippaea (Ach.) Nádv.]
[Physconia thomsonii Essl.]
[Anaptychia aquila auct. N.Americ. non (Ach.) A. Massal.]
[Lepraria moroziana Lendemer]
source: Hodkinson & Lendemer (2013)
source: Schultz (2002a)
[Ditremis albiseda (Nyl.) R.C. Harris]
[Arthopyrenia ambigua Zahlbr., Ditremis ambigua (Zahlbr.) R.C. Harris]
[Anisomeridium feeanum (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris, Arthopyrenia anisoloba Müll.Arg., Ditremis anisoloba (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris]
[Ditremis macrospora R. C. Harris non Makhija & Patwardhan]
In the original Checklist Ditremis macrocarpanon Makhija & Patwardhan is erroneouly listed twice, once as a synonym of Anisomeridium aureopunctatum, to be transferred to Anisomeridium, source: Harris (1995a)
[Arthopyrenia carinthiaca J. Steiner, Arthopyrenia dimidiata Fink, Ditremis carinthiaca (J. Steiner) R.C. Harris, Paraphysothele carinthiaca (J. Steiner) Keissl.]
[Arthopyrenia distans (Willey) Zahlbr., Ditremis distans (Willey) R.C. Harris]
[Anisomeridium sanfordense (Zahlbr.) R.C. Harris, Arthopyrenia sanfordensis Zahlbr., Ditremis sanfordensis (Zahlbr.) R.C. Harris]
source: Harris (1995a)
[Ditremis finkii R.C. Harris]
source: Harris (1995a)
[Arthopyrenia leucochlora Müll.Arg., Ditremis leucochlora (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris]
[Anisomeridium juistense (Erichsen) R.C. Harris, Anisomeridium nyssogenum [as 'nyssaegena'] (Ellis & Everh.) R.C. Harris, Arthopyrenia willeyana R.C. Harris, Ditremis nyssogena [as 'nyssaegena'] (Ellis & Everh.) R.C. Harris 1990, Paraphysothele juistensis (Erichsen) Servít, Thelidium juistense Erichsen, Zignoëlla nyssogena Ellis & Everh.]
source: Barr et al. (1996)
source: Harris (1995a), Aptroot (1997)
[Ditremis quaternaria R.C. Harris]
source: Harris (1995a)
[Arthopyrenia subnexa (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Verrucaria subnexa Nyl.]
source: Lücking et al. (2011b)
[Arthopyrenia subprostans (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Ditremis subprostans (Nyl.) R.C. Harris, Leiophloea subprostans (Nyl.) Trevis., Pyrenula subprostans (Nyl.) Tuck., Verrucaria subprostans Nyl.]
[Ditremis tamarindi (Fée) R.C. Harris, Ditremis tamarindii]
[Arthopyrenia anacardii Vain., Arthopyrenia terminata (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Ditremis terminata (Nyl.) R.C. Harris, Pleurotrema anacardii (Vain.) R.C. Harris, Tomasellia queenslandica Müll.Arg., Verrucaria terminata Nyl.]
source: Harris (1995a)
[Ditremis tuckerae (R.C. Harris) R.C. Harris]
[Digraphis turbulenta (Nyl.) Clem., Graphis turbulenta Nyl.]
source: Staiger (2002)
[Anthracothecium nanum (Zahlbr.) R.C. Harris, Pleurotheliopsis australiensis (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Pleurothelium australiense Müll. Arg.]
source: Aptroot (2012)
[Pyrenula pachycheila Tuck.]
source: Tuckerman (1872)
[Acrorixis prasina (Eschw.) Trevis., Trypethelium pallidum C. Knight, Verrucaria prasina Eschw.]
[Lichen colpodes Ach., Parmelia colpodes (Ach.) Ach., Parmelia colpodes var. colpodes (Ach.) Ach., Parmelia colpodes var. sphaeroidispora F. Wilson]
[Gyalolechia carneonivea Anzi, Pertusaria carneonivea (Anzi) Vain., Pertusaria carneonivea var. carneonivea (Anzi) Vain., Pertusaria carneonivea var. tauriscorum (Zahlbr.) Erichsen, Varicellaria carneonivea (Anzi) Erichsen, Varicellaria carneonivea var. carneonivea (Anzi) Erichsen, Varicellaria carneonivea var. tauriscorum (Zahlbr.) Erichsen]
source: Goward et al. (1996)
source: Spribille et al. (2010)
[Cetraria andrejevii Oksner, Cetraria simmonsii Krog]
[Cetraria elenkinii Krog, Cetraria nigricascens (Nyl.) Elenkin, Cetraria nigricascens var. nigricascens (Nyl.) Elenkin, Cetraria nigricascens var. tominii Rass., Cetraria siberica, Cetraria sibirica H. Magn., Platysma nigricascens Nyl.]
[Pannaria delicatula (Th. Fr.) Nyl., Pannularia delicatula (Th. Fr.) Cromb., Placynthium delicatulum (Th. Fr.) A.L. Sm.]
[Arctoparmelia aleuritica (Nyl.) Hale, Imbricaria centrifuga (L.) DC., Lichen centrifugus L., Parmelia aleuritica Nyl., Parmelia centrifuga (L.) Ach., Parmelia centrifuga f. alpestris Räsänen, Parmelia centrifuga f. centrifuga (L.) Ach., Parmelia centrifuga f. dealbata Th. Fr., Parmelia centrifuga f. lignicola Räsänen, Parmelia centrifuga f. microphylla Rass., Parmelia centrifuga f. palmata Oxner, Parmelia centrifuga f. viridescens Gyeln., Parmelia centrifuga var. centrifuga (L.) Ach., Parmelia centrifuga var. groenlandica (Lynge) Lynge, Parmelia centrifuga var. monticola Räsänen, Parmelia centrifuga var. muscivaga Nyl., Parmelia centrifuga var. nigrita Flot., Parmelia centrifuga var. rugosa Wallr., Parmelia halseyana Tuck., Xanthoparmelia centrifuga (L.) Hale]
[Imbricaria incurva (Pers.) DC., Imbricaria incurva f. incurva (Pers.) DC., Imbricaria incurva f. nigrita (Flot.) Flot., Lichen incurvus Pers., Lobaria incurva (Pers.) Ach., Parmelia incurva Pers., Parmelia incurva f. incurva (Pers.) Fr., Parmelia incurva f. lignicola Räsänen, Parmelia multifida Schaer., Placodium incurvum (Pers.) Frege, Xanthoparmelia incurva (Pers.) Hale]
[Parmelia birulae var. grumosa Llano, Parmelia separata Th. Fr., Xanthoparmelia separata (Th. Fr.) Hale]
[Parmelia subcentrifuga Oksner, Xanthoparmelia subcentrifuga (Oksner) Hale]
[Myriolecis thuleana (Poelt) Śliwa, Zhao Xin & Lumbsch]
[Omphalina peltigerina (Peck) P. Collin]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Redhead et al. (2002)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Lendemer et al. (2016c)
[Stirtonia alba (Müll.Arg.) ined. (non Groenh. ex Makhija & Patw.) nom. illegit., Stirtonia caribaea Perlmutter, Rivas Plata & Lücking]
Arthonia alba Müll. Arg. should be transferred to Stirtonia, but S. alba Groenh. ex Makhija & Patw. already exists., source: Perlmutter et al. (2018) therefore introduced the replacement name Stirtonia caribaea, but they also reported that the taxon does not occur in North America.
[Arthonia stictella Stizenb.]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
[Arthothelium albovirescens (Nyl.) Fink]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Zhurbenko (2013)
source: Hodkinson et al. (2009), Lendemer et al. (2009c)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Kondratyuk (1996)
source: Lücking et al. (2011b)
[Allarthonia apatetica (A. Massal.) Lettau, Arthonia exilis var. apatetica (A. Massal.) J. Nowak, Catillaria apatetica A. Massal., Coniangium apateticum (A. Massal.) A. Massal.]
[Arthonia aspera Leight., Arthonia aspersa Leight., Patellaria arthonioides (Ach.) Balb., Trachylia arthonioides (Ach.) Fr.]
[Graphis atra (Pers.) Spreng., Graphis atra var. atra (Pers.) Spreng., Graphis stenocarpa (Ach.) Spreng., Hysterina denigrata (Ach.) Gray, Hysterina nimbosa (Sm.) Gray, Opegrapha atra Pers., Opegrapha atra f. atra Pers., Opegrapha atra f. cerasi (Chevall.) Arnold, Opegrapha atra f. nigrata Leight., Opegrapha atra f. platanoides Nyl., Opegrapha atra f. reticulata (DC.) J. Nowak, Opegrapha atra f. rimosa (DC.) J. Nowak, Opegrapha atra f. simplicior Nyl., Opegrapha atra f. stenocarpa (Ach.) J. Nowak, Opegrapha atra f. tenuior Nyl. ex Leight., Opegrapha atra var. abbreviata Körb., Opegrapha atra var. arthonioidea Leight., Opegrapha atra var. atra Pers., Opegrapha atra var. cubana B. de Lesd., Opegrapha atra var. denigrata (Ach.) Schaer., Opegrapha atra var. euphorbiae Vězda, Opegrapha atra var. hapalea (Ach.) Nyl., Opegrapha atra var. nigrata Leight. ex Mudd, Opegrapha atra var. parallela Leight. ex Mudd, Opegrapha atra var. phoenicicola Jatta, Opegrapha atra var. rimosa (DC.) Zahlbr., Opegrapha atra var. stenocarpa (Ach.) Dufour, Opegrapha denigrata Ach., Opegrapha hapalea (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha nimbosa Sm., Opegrapha rimosa DC., Opegrapha stenocarpa Ach., Opegrapha stenocarpa var. hapalea Ach., Opegrapha stenocarpa var. stenocarpa Ach., Opegrapha vulgata f. stenocarpa (Ach.) Leight.]
source: Ertz et al. (2009)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Ihlen et al. (2004b)
[Hysterina calcarea (Turner ex Sm.) Gray, Opegrapha atra f. heteromorpha Stizenb., Opegrapha atrula Nyl., Opegrapha atrula var. atrula Nyl., Opegrapha atrula var. hysteriiformis (Nyl.) Cromb., Opegrapha calcarea Turner ex Sm. & Sowerby, Opegrapha calcarea var. calcarea Turner ex Sm., Opegrapha calcarea var. chevallieri (Leight.) H. Olivier, Opegrapha calcarea var. heteromorpha (Stizenb.) Watson{?}, Opegrapha chevallieri Leight., Opegrapha chevallieri f. agglomerata Sandst., Opegrapha chevallieri f. chevallieri Leight., Opegrapha chevallieri f. heteromorpha (Stizenb.) Hepp ex Nyl., Opegrapha chevallieri var. agglomerata Sandst., Opegrapha chevallieri var. chevallieri Leight., Opegrapha chevallieri var. heteromorpha (Stizenb.) Hepp ex Nyl., Opegrapha chevallieri var. incarnata Riddle, Opegrapha decandollei (Stizenb.) Arnold, Opegrapha saxicola var. decandollei Stizenb.]
source: Ertz et al. (2009)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Etayo & Breuss (1998)
[Arthonia gregaria (Weigel) Körb., Arthonia gregaria f. concolor (Turner) Willey, Arthonia gregaria f. gregaria Fée, Arthonia gregaria var. adspersa (Mont.) Müll. Arg., Arthonia gregaria var. anerythrea Nyl., Arthonia gregaria var. astroidea (Leight.) Mudd, Arthonia gregaria var. cuspidans A.L. Sm., Arthonia gregaria var. dubia (Turner & Borrer) Mudd, Arthonia gregaria var. gregaria Fée, Arthonia gregaria var. kermesina (Schaer.) Willey, Arthonia gregaria var. marginata (Turner) Mudd, Arthonia gregaria var. nudata Müll. Arg., Arthonia gregaria var. obscura (Schaer.) Körb., Arthonia gregaria var. pruinata Nyl., Arthonia gregaria var. purpurea (Eschw.) Müll.Arg., Arthonia gregaria var. rufomaculata Räsänen, Arthonia gregaria var. speciosa Müll. Arg., Arthonia gregaria var. substellata Müll. Arg., Arthonia tumidula (Ach.) Ach., Arthonia tumidula f. astroidea (Leight.) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula f. concolor (Turner) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula f. cuspidans (A. Nyl.) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula f. glabra (A. Massal.) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula f. kermesina (Schaer.) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula f. opegraphoides (A. Massal.) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula f. opegraphoies (A. Massal.) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula f. tumidula (Ach.) Ach., Arthonia tumidula var. coccinea (Flörke) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula var. rubra (Pers.) J. Nowak, Arthonia tumidula var. tumidula (Ach.) Ach.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Villella & Sheehy (2015)
[Arthonia subvarians var. apotheciorum (A. Massal.) H. Olivier, Phacopsis clemens Tul., Tomaselliella clemens (Tul.) Cif.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Lendemer & Harris (2012)
source: Hansen & Dute (2005)
source: Seavey & Seavey (2012)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Lendemer & Harris (2012)
source: Lendemer et al. (2009c)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates
[Arthothelium dictyosporum (Coppins & P. James) Coppins, Arthothelium ilicinum var. dictyosporum Coppins & P. James]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: McCune (2017)
[Arthonia aspersella Leight., Arthonia atrofuscella Nyl., Opegrapha didyma (Körb.) M. Choisy]
[Arthonia willeyi Tuck.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Knudsen & Lendemer (2007)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Grube (2007), Lendemer et al. (2009b)
[Opegrapha dispersa Schrad., Tomaselliella dispersa (Schrad.) Cif.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Zhurbenko & Alstrup (2004)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Goward et al. (1996)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), Hafellner et al. (2002)
[Allarthonia exilis (Flörke) Sandst., Coniangium exile (Flörke) Arnold, Lecidea synothea var. exilis Flörke]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Diederich (2003)
[Arthonia pelvetii (Hepp) H. Olivier, Arthonia vagans subsp. pelvetii (Hepp) Almq., Biatorina epiphorbia (Stirt.) Arnold, Celidium fuscopurpureum Tul., Celidium pelvetii Hepp, Karschia epiphorbia (Leight.) Zopf, Lecidea epiphorbia Leight., Scutula fuscopurpurea (Tul.) Rehm]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), Alstrup & Cole (1998)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Spribille et al. (2010)
[Arthonia galactitella Nyl.]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Lendemer & Ray (2017)
source: Harris (1977)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Lendemer et al. (2016c)
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Seavey et al. (2017)
[Arthothelium ilicinum (Taylor) P. James, Arthothelium ilicinum var. ilicinum (Taylor) P. James]
source: Egea & Torrente (1995)
[Arthothelium ferax Müll.Arg., Arthothelium interveniens (Nyl.) Zahlbr.]
source: Lücking et al. (2011b)
[Arthonia parasemoides Nyl., Celidium varians f. parasemoides (Nyl.) Arnold]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
[Coniarthonia kermesina (R.C. Harris, E. Tripp & Lendemer) Aptroot & Ertz]
source: Lendemer et al. (2013)
[Allarthonia lapidicola (Taylor) Zahlbr., Allarthonia lapidicola var. fusca (A. Massal.) Redinger, Allarthonia lapidicola var. lapidicola (Taylor) Zahlbr., Allarthonia lapidicola var. macrocarpa B. de Lesd., Allarthonia lapidicola var. ruderella (Nyl.) B. de Lesd., Arthonia fusca (A. Massal.) Hepp, Catillaria ooliticola Walt. Watson, Coniangium lapidicola (Taylor) Arnold, Lecidea lapidicola Taylor]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Grube (2007)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Alstrup & Cole (1998)
source: Spribille & Björk (2008)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Esslinger & Egan (1995)
[Arthothelium ilicinum var. reagens Coppins & P. James, Arthothelium macounii (G. Merr.) W. Noble, Arthothelium reagens (Coppins & P. James) Coppins & P. James]
source: Kocourková et al. (2008)
[Arthothelium macrothecum (Fée) A. Massal.]
source: Lücking et al. (2011b)
source: Egea & Torrente (1995)
[Opegrapha mediella (Nyl.) M. Choisy]
source: Lücking et al. (2011b)
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Seavey et al. (2017)
source: Lücking et al. (2011b)
[Tichothecium molendoi Heufl. ex Frauenf.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Alstrup & Cole (1998), Hafellner et al. (2002)
[Arthonia nephromaria (Nyl.) Nyl. ex H. Olivier]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
[Arthothelium norvegicum Coppins & Tønsberg]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: McCune (2017)
source: Seavey & Seavey (2012)
source: Fink (1935), Esslinger & Tucker (2009)
[Arthoniopsis palmulacea Müll.Arg., Eremothecella palmulacea (Müll.Arg.) Serus.]
[Allarthonia patellulata (Nyl.) Zahlbr.]
[Scutula peltigerea (Th. Fr.) Rehm]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Hafellner et al. (2002)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
[Allarthonia phaeobaea (Norman) Zahlbr., Arthonia paralia Nyl., Segestrella phaeobaea Norman]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Hafellner et al. (2002)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates
[Arthonia protoparmeliopseos Etayo & Diederich]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Knudsen & Kocourková (2015)
[Arthothelium pruinascens Zahlbr.]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Seavey et al. (2017)
[Arthonia insinuata Stirt., Arthonia melantera Ach., Opegrapha microscopica Sm.]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates
[Arthonia astroidea Ach., Arthonia astroidea f. astroidea Ach., Arthonia astroidea f. cembrae Arnold, Arthonia astroidea f. fraxinea Bagl., Arthonia astroidea f. parallela Harm., Arthonia astroidea var. astroidea Ach., Arthonia astroidea var. simulans Leight., Arthonia astroidea var. swartziana (Ach.) Sacc., Arthonia cinnabarina var. opegraphina (Ach.) Leight., Arthonia radiata f. astroidea (Ach.) Ach., Arthonia radiata var. opegraphina Ach., Arthonia radiata var. parallela (Harm.) Zahlbr., Arthonia radiata var. radiata (Pers.) Ach., Arthonia radiata var. swartziana (Ach.) Almq., Arthonia swartziana Ach., Arthonia swartziana var. cinerascens Ach., Arthonia swartziana var. swartziana Ach., Arthonia vulgaris var. astroidea (Ach.) Schaer., Graphis atra var. astroidea (Ach.) Spreng., Lichen astroites Ach., Opegrapha astroidea (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha atra var. astroidea (Ach.) Schaer., Opegrapha atra var. obscura, Opegrapha atra var. swartziana (Ach.) Schaer., Opegrapha gregaria var. radiata (Pers.) M. Choisy, Opegrapha radiata Pers., Opegrapha radiata f. cinerascens (Ach.) M. Choisy, Opegrapha radiata f. radiata Pers., Opegrapha radiata var. astroidea (Ach.) Fingerh., Opegrapha radiata var. cinerascens (Ach.) M. Choisy, Opegrapha radiata var. radiata Pers., Opegrapha radiata var. subparallela (Müll. Arg.) M. Choisy, Opegrapha radiata var. swartziana (Ach.) M. Choisy, Opegrapha swartziana (Ach.) Hepp]
source: Grube (2007)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
[Graphis rubella Fée]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Lendemer & Ray (2017)
[Arthothelium sanguineum (Willey) Zahlbr.]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
source: Fink (1935), Esslinger & Tucker (2009)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
source: Lücking et al. (2011b)
[Arthonia lurida Ach. nom. rej., Arthonia lurida f. lurida Ach., Arthonia lurida var. lurida Ach., Arthonia lurida var. spadicea (Leight.) Nyl., Arthonia lurida var. vulgaris (Fr.) Almq., Coniangium spadiceum (Leight.) Arnold, Coniangium spadiceum var. luridofuscum Arnold, Coniangium spadiceum var. spadiceum (Leight.) Arnold, Coniocarpon spadiceum (Leight.) Arnold, Opegrapha spadicea (Leight.) M. Choisy]
[Arthonia nephromiaria var. stereocaulina Ohlert]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Zhurbenko (2010)
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Lendemer et al. (2016c)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, significant change since the previous checklist version (#21)
source: McMullin et al. (2017)
[Microthelia subfuscicola Linds.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
source: Lendemer et al. (2013)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Seavey et al. (2017)
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Grube (2007)
[Arthonia glaucomaria Nyl., Celidium varians (Davies) Arnold, Celidium varians f. varians (Davies) Arnold, Celidium varians subsp. elfvingii Räsänen, Celidium varians subsp. varians (Davies) Arnold, Celidium varians var. intextum Almq., Celidium varians var. varians (Davies) Arnold, Lecanora glaucoma subsp. varians (Davies) Ach., Lecanora rimosa var. varians (Davies) Hepp ex Müll. Arg., Lecanora varians (Davies) Röhl., Lichen varians Davies, Parmelia glaucoma subsp. varians (Davies) Ach., Zeora glaucoma f. varians (Davies) Flot.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Hawksworth (2003)
[Arthonia lurida f. vinosa (Leight.) Zahlbr., Arthonia pineti Körb., Arthonia pineti var. pineti Körb., Arthonia pineti var. sapineti (Nyl.) H. Olivier, Arthonia vinosa var. pineti (Körb.) Leight., Lecidea emphysa Stirt.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens), source: Kocourková (2009)
[Arthopyrenia analeptella (Nyl.) Arnold, Arthopyrenia epidermidis var. fallax (Nyl.) Mudd, Arthopyrenia fallax (Nyl.) Arnold, Arthopyrenia fallax f. crataegi (A. Massal.) Szatala, Arthopyrenia fallax f. crataeginea J. Steiner, Arthopyrenia fallax f. fallax (Nyl.) Arnold, Arthopyrenia fallax var. conspurcata J. Steiner, Arthopyrenia fallax var. fallax (Nyl.) Arnold, Arthopyrenia fallax var. ligustri (A. Massal.) Keissl., Arthopyrenia lapponina Anzi, Arthopyrenia punctiformis f. analepta (Ach.) Keissl., Cercidospora analepta (Ach.) Kuntze, Ciferriolichen lapponinum (Anzi) Tomas., Didymella analepta (Ach.) Sacc., Didymella fallax (Nyl.) Vain., Didymella fallax var. crataegi (A. Massal.) Vain., Didymella fallax var. fallax (Nyl.) Vain., Didymella punctiformis f. analepta (Ach.) Vain., Leiophloea analepta (Ach.) Gray, Leiophloea fallax (Nyl.) Riedl, Lichen analeptus Ach., Mycarthopyrenia lapponina (Anzi) Keissl., Polyblastiopsis fallax (Nyl.) Fink, Pseudosagedia fallax (Nyl.) Oxner, Pyrenyllium analeptum (Ach.) Clem., Segestrella analepta (Ach.) Branth & Rostr., Verrucaria analepta (Ach.) Ach., Verrucaria analepta var. americana Ach., Verrucaria analepta var. analepta (Ach.) Ach., Verrucaria analeptella Nyl., Verrucaria epidermidis var. analepta (Ach.) Hook. f., Verrucaria epidermidis var. fallax Nyl., Verrucaria fallax (Nyl.) Nyl., Verrucaria lapponina (Anzi) Stizenb.]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Harris (1995a), Aptroot (2002a)
[Arthopyrenia crombiei A.L. Sm., Endophis cerasi (Schrad.) Norman, Metasphaeria cerasi (Schrad.) Vain., Pseudosagedia cerasi (Schrad.) M. Choisy, Pyrenula cerasi (Schrad.) Trevis., Spermatodium cerasi (Schrad.) Trevis., Verrucaria cerasi Schrad.]
[Arthopyrenia pinicola (Hepp) A. Massal., Didymella cinereopruinosa (Schaer.) Szatala, Leiophloea cinereopruinosa (Schaer.) Trevis., Pseudosagedia cinereopruinosa (Schaer.) Makar., Verrucaria cinereopruinosa Schaer.]
source: Harris (1995a)
[Porina plumbaria (Stizenb.) Hasse, Pyrenula herrei Fink ex J. Hedrick]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates
[Metasphaeria subcerasi (Vain.) Vain., Mycarthopyrenia subcerasi (Vain.) Keissl., Verrucaria subcerasi Vain.]
+ = saprophytic fungi related to either lichens or lichenicolous fungi, on various substrates, source: Spribille et al. (2010)
source: Harris (1995a)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
A tentative report., source: Lücking et al. (2007)
[Arthonia norvegica (Coppins & Tønsberg) McCune]
source: Tønsberg & Williams (2006)
[Arthonia anastomosans Nyl., Arthonia orbillifera Almq.]
[Arthonia rosacea Anzi, Arthonia ruana A. Massal., Arthonia ruanidea Nyl., Arthoniopsis ruana (A. Massal.) Trevis., Arthothelium dispersum (DC.) Mudd, Arthothelium dispersum f. dispersum (DC.) Mudd, Arthothelium dispersum f. ulcerosum Erichsen, Arthothelium dispersum var. dispersum (DC.) Mudd, Arthothelium dispersum var. olivaceum Erichsen, Arthothelium rosaceum (Anzi) Zahlbr., Arthothelium ruanideum (Nyl.) Arnold, Arthothelium ruanideum f. ruanideum (Nyl.) Arnold, Arthothelium ruanideum f. ulcerosum (Erichsen) Erichsen, Arthothelium ruanideum var. olivaceum (Erichsen) Erichsen, Arthothelium ruanideum var. ruanideum (Nyl.) Arnold, Dermatina ruanidea (Nyl.) Zahlbr.]
[Arthonia spectabilis Flot.]
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)
[Arthrorhaphis citrinella var. alpina (Schaer.) Poelt, Bacidia alpina (Schaer.) Vain., Bacidia citrinella subsp. alpina (Schaer.) J.R. Laundon, Bacidia flavovirescens var. alpina (Schaer.) A.L. Sm., Lecidea flavovirescens var. alpina Schaer.]
[Arthrorhaphis flavovirescens (A. Massal.) Th. Fr., Bacidia citrinella (Ach.) Branth & Rostr., Bacidia citrinella subsp. citrinella (Ach.) Branth & Rostr., Bacidia citrinella var. alpina (Schaer.) Boistel, Bacidia citrinella var. arenicola (Nyl.) Poelt, Bacidia flavovirescens (A. Massal.) Anzi, Bacidia flavovirescens var. flavovirescens (Dicks.) Anzi, Catolechia flavovirescens (A. Massal.) Flot., Lecanactis citrinella (Ach.) H. Olivier, Lecidea citrinella (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea citrinella f. citrinella (Ach.) Ach., Lichen citrinellus Ach., Mycobacidia citrinella (Ach.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Mycobacidia flavovirescens (A. Massal.) Rehm, Pragmopora flavovirescens (A. Massal.) J. Schröt., Raphiospora flavovirescens A. Massal., Scoliciosporum flavovirescens (A. Massal.) Jatta, Secoliga flavovirescens (A. Massal.) Stizenb., Skolekites citrinellus (Ach.) Norman]
[Bacidia arenicola (Nyl.) H. Olivier, Bacidia flavovirescens var. arenicola (Nyl.) A.L. Sm., Bacidia fuscoreagens (Vain.) H. Olivier, Gongylia sabuletorum (Fr.) Stein, Gongylia viridis A.L. Sm., Lahmia fueistingii Körb., Lecidea arenicola Nyl., Lecidea citrinella f. arenicola (Nyl.) Nyl., Lecidea fuscoreagens Vain., Mycobacidia arenicola (Nyl.) Sacc. & D. Sacc., Raphiospora arenicola (Nyl.) Mudd, Raphiospora grisea (Th. Fr.) Arnold, Sagedia sabuletorum (Fr.) A. Massal., Segestria sabuletorum (Fr.) Trevis., Verrucaria epigaea var. sabuletorum Fr., Verrucaria sabuletorum (Fr.) Fr.]
# = various fungi of uncertain status: e.g.: those which are questionably or weakly lichen-forming; or algicolous/saprophytic; or parasitic when young but saprophytic or lichen-forming when mature; or lichenicolous lichens.
[Arthrosporum accline (Flot.) A. Massal., Bacidia acclinis (Flot.) Zahlbr., Bacidia populorum Trevis.]
[Cetraria chrysantha Tuck., Cetraria chrysantha f. chrysantha Tuck., Cetraria chrysantha f. cinerascens Asahina, Cetraria chrysantha f. glaucescens Oxner & Rass., Cetraria chrysantha f. pigmentulata Trass, Cetraria chrysantha f. sorediifera Savicz, Cetraria chrysantha var. chrysantha Tuck., Cetraria chrysantha var. komarovii (Elenkin) Räsänen, Platysma chrysanthum (Tuck.) Å.E. Dahl]
[Lecanora albomarginata (B. de Lesd.) Zahlbr., Lecanora albomarginata f. albomarginata (Nyl.) Cromb., Lecanora albomarginata f. arundinicola Gall]
[Lecanora alboradiata H. Magn.]
[Lecanora aliena Zahlbr.]
[Lecanora americana (B. de Lesd.) Printzen]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Lecanora aquatica (Körb.) Hepp, Lecanora aquatica f. aquatica (Körb.) Hepp, Lecanora aquatica f. flavescens H. Magn., Lecanora aquatica f. subochracea H. Magn., Lecanora aquatica var. aquatica (Körb.) Hepp, Lecanora aquatica var. eluta H. Magn., Pachyospora aquatica (Körb.) Arnold, Parmelia cinerea var. aquatica Fr.]
[Lecanora arctica Lynge]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007), Knudsen et al. (2008b)
source: McCune et al. (2014b)
source: Knudsen et al. (2008b)
[Aspicilia mastoidea (Lynge) J.W. Thomson, Lecanora mastoidea Lynge]
source: Nordin et al. (2008)
source: Anderson & Lendemer (2016)
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Lecanora caesiopruinosa H. Magn.]
source: Rosentreter (1998)
[Aspicilia polychroma var. candida Anzi, Lecanora candida Harmand, Lecanora candida f. candida (Anzi) Nyl., Lecanora candida f. evanescens H. Magn., Lecanora candida var. candida (Anzi) Nyl.]
[Gussonea cinerea (L.) Tornab., Lecanora cinerea (L.) Sommerf., Lecanora cinerea f. athallina Nyl., Lecanora cinerea f. cinerea (L.) Sommerf., Lecanora cinerea f. flexuosa (Schaer.) Zahlbr., Lecanora cinerea f. incrassata Vain., Lecanora cinerea f. lepidota (Leight.) Leight., Lecanora cinerea f. macra Nyl., Lecanora cinerea f. pruinosa Vain., Lecanora cinerea f. tigrina (Hoffm.) Zahlbr., Lecanora cinerea f. virens Wahlenb., Lecanora cinerea subsp. cinerea (L.) Sommerf., Lecanora cinerea var. atroalba Räsänen, Lecanora cinerea var. caesiogrisea Vain., Lecanora cinerea var. chiodectonoides (Anzi) Jatta, Lecanora cinerea var. cinerea (L.) Sommerf., Lecanora cinerea var. contorta (Hoffm.) Hepp, Lecanora cinerea var. insularis Vain. ex Räsänen, Lecanora cinerea var. lepidota Leight., Lecanora cinerea var. obscurata Fr., Lecanora cinerea var. pandeis T.P. Brisson, Lecanora cinerea var. pumila (Räsänen) Cretz., Lecanora cinerea var. sallensis (Räsänen) Zahlbr., Lecanora cinerea var. subcretacea Nyl., Lecanora cinerea var. sublutescens Nyl., Parmelia cinerea (L.) Hepp, Parmelia cinerea var. cinerea (L.) Hepp, Psora cinerea (L.) Hampe, Urceolaria cinerea (L.) Ach., Urceolaria cinerea f. cinerea (L.) Ach., Urceolaria cinerea f. depressa Rabenh., Urceolaria cinerea f. flexuosa Schaer., Urceolaria cinerea f. patellaris Schaer., Urceolaria cinerea f. solitaria Rabenh., Urceolaria cinerea var. alba Schaer., Urceolaria cinerea var. atrocinerea Schaer., Urceolaria cinerea var. cinerea (L.) Ach., Urceolaria cinerea var. notata Ach., Urceolaria cinerea var. vulgaris Schaer., Zeora cinerea (L.) Flot.]
[Lecanora cingulata Zahlbr.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007), Knudsen et al. (2008b)
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Lecanora disserpens (Zahlbr.) H. Magn.]
source: Rosentreter (1998)
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
source: Knudsen (2005b), Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Aspicilia insolata (H. Magn.) Hav., Lecanora insolata H. Magn.]
source: Fryday (2001)
[Lecanora heteroplaca Zahlbr.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Aspicilia lusca (Nyl.) B. de Lesd., Aspicilia sylvatica Arnold, Lecanora laevata (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora laevata f. laevata (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora laevata f. obscurata H. Magn., Lecanora laevata f. pallidior H. Magn., Lecanora laevata f. sylvatica (Arnold) H. Magn., Lecanora laevata f. vitrea (Anzi) H. Magn., Lecanora laevata var. laevata (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora laevata var. radians H. Magn., Lecanora lusca Nyl., Lecanora sylvatica (Arnold) Sandst., Sagedia laevata Ach., Urceolaria laevata (Ach.) Duby]
[Lecanora lesleyana (Darb.) Paulson]
source: McCune et al. (2014b)
[Aspicilia bennettii (Lynge) J.W. Thomson]
[Lecanora basaltica Lynge, Lecanora narssaquensis Lynge]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Lecanora nikrapensis (Darb.) Zahlbr.]
[Lecanora novae-semliae Zahlbr.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007), Knudsen et al. (2008b)
[Lecanora peltastictoides Hasse]
source: Knudsen & Kocourková (2013)
[Lecanora pergibbosa H. Magn.]
[Lecanora perradiata Nyl.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007), Knudsen et al. (2008b)
[Lecanora plicigera Zahlbr.]
[Lecanora polychroma (Anzi) Nyl.]
[Lecanora praecrenata Nyl.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007), Knudsen et al. (2008b)
[Lecanora reptans Looman]
[Lecanora rolleana (Hue) Zahlbr.]
[Lecanora rosulata (Körb.) Stizenb.]
[Lecanora ryrkaipiae H. Magn.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007), Knudsen et al. (2008b)
[Lecanora sipeana H. Magn.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Lecanora sublapponica Zahlbr.]
[Aspicilia stygioplaca (Nyl.) Hue, Aspicilia subradiascens (Nyl.) Hue, Lecanora stygioplaca Nyl., Lecanora subradians Nyl., Lecanora subradiascens Nyl.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Lecanora supertegens (Arnold) Zahlbr.]
[Lecanora tenuis H. Magn.]
source: Owe-Larsson et al. (2007)
[Lecanora verrucigera (Hue) Zahlbr., Lecanora verrucigera f. densata H. Magn., Lecanora verrucigera f. incrassata H. Magn., Lecanora verrucigera f. pleiocarpa H. Magn., Lecanora verrucigera f. subelevata H. Magn., Lecanora verrucigera f. verrucigera (Hue) Zahlbr., Lecanora verrucigera var. superfluens H. Magn., Lecanora verrucigera var. verrucigera (Hue) Zahlbr.]
[Aspicilia intermutans (Nyl.) Arnold]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Zakeri et al. (2017)
[Thelenella cinerascens (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris]
[Lecania fugiens Müll.Arg., Thelenella fugiens (Müll. Arg.) R.C. Harris]
significant change since the previous checklist version (#21), source: Nelsen et al. (2017)
[Porinopsis geminipara Malme, Thelenella geminipara (Malme) R.C. Harris]
[Aspicilia cinerea var. myrinii (Fr.) Th. Fr., Aspicilia myrinii (Fr.) Stein, Aspicilia myrinii var. myrinii (Fr.) Stein, Aspicilia myrinii var. subadunans (Vain.) Oxner, Lecanora myrinii (Fr.) Nyl., Lecanora myrinii var. myrinii (Fr.) Nyl., Lecanora myrinii var. subadunans Vain., Parmelia myrinii Fr., Urceolaria myrinii (Fr.) Motyka]
source: Hafellner & Türk (2001)
* = lichenicolous fungi (parasites on living lichens)