Taxon:Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia (Gyelnik) Hale Family: Parmeliaceae
Determiner: Jason Hollinger (2013-04-18)
ID certainty: positive
United States, Washington, Spokane County, Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge, south of Turnbull Slough
47.4123 -117.6084 +-5m.
711 meters (2332ft)
top of east slope of low mesa near pine forest
broad flat rounded lobes to 2.5-3.0mm wide few ~maculate, brown below, minutely lobulate in center but sparingly so and lobulate tightly appressed not mat-forming, no apothecia, medulla K+y turning orange then finally red in days, TLC has usnic and norstictic/stictic (perf. by Nastassja Noell, int. by James Lendemer 20131208)