Taxon:Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia (Gyelnik) Hale Family: Parmeliaceae
Determiner: Jason Hollinger (2013-04-19)
ID certainty: positive
United States, Washington, Spokane County, Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge, cliff complex in southwestern part of refuge near outflow from Hale Lakes
47.3937 -117.6074 +-5m.
699 meters (2293ft)
sparse pine forest on gentle south-facing slope
tightly adnate, lobes 1-2mm wide emaculate, strongly lobulate inside but not loose or mat-forming, pale brown to brown below, apothecia common, medulla K+y turning slowly yellow-orange then finally orangish-red in a few days, extremely abunantly pycnidiate, TLC has usnic, norstictic, stictic, hypostictic (perf. by Nastassja Noell, int. by James Lendemer 20131208)