Nash, T.H., Ryan, B.D., Gries, C., Bungartz, F., (eds.) 2004. Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region. Vol 2.
Thallus: crustose, continuous, uneven or with small warts surface: cream-colored to pale yellowish brown, dull, without soredia and isidia Apothecia: slightly elevated from the thallus, lirellate lirellae: oblong, rarely branched or flexuous, 1-3 x 0.2-0.3 mm disc: narrow, not visible margin: excipular lips black, entire; thalline margin: present, covering the lateral part of the ascocarps exciple: distinctly carbonized laterally but not carbonized to ±pale brown at the base; excipular lips: entire, convergent; thalline margin covering the side, often containing many crystals (Ca-oxalate?) epihymenium: brown, c. 5 µm thick hymenium: inspersed, c. 100 µm tall; paraphyses: 1.5-2 µm wide, with brownish tips; subhymenium: hyaline, c. 10 µm thick asci: clavate, 90-100 x 20-25 µm, 8-spored ascospores: hyaline, muriform, 8-9/2-locular, 27-40 x 1012 µm, I+ dark violet Pycnidia and conidia: not found Spot tests: cortex and medulla K-, C-, KC-, P- Secondary metabolites: none detected. Substrate and ecology: on bark of shrubs World distribution: so far only few reports of this species; all from the Crribbean region Sonoran distribution: Sierra Madre Occidental region of Sinaloa. Notes: The Sonoran collection differs from Wirth and Hale's description of Graphis (as Graphina) pseudoanaloga (Wirth and Hale 1978: 42) by the absence of norstictic acid. Furthermore, they describe the excipular lips as "entire to barely crenate" while in the Sonoran material only lirellae with entire lips could be found. As we could not yet study the type of G. pseudoanaloga, this identification is not absolutely certain.