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Ramalina dilacerata (Hoffm.) Hoffm. (redirected from: Ramalina minuscula)
Family: Ramalinaceae
[Fistulariella minuscula (Nyl.) Bowler & Rundel,  more]
Ramalina dilacerata image
Stephen Sharnoff  

Global occurrence: Americas – North America (incl Mexico).  Substrate: bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like; continuous, diffuse, effuse; [th] upper surface: yellow(ish) (if dull: buff) | yellow(ish) green; [th upper surface]: epruinose; [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (min) 2.0; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane; [th] morphol substructures (eg lobes, branches): anisotomic-dichotomous.  Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma [mm]: (min) 3.0; ascoma: sessile, superficial; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: concave | plane, flat, flattened, expanded | subconvex, slightly convex | convex; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: yellow(ish) (if dull: buff); [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present.  Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with acuate axial body towards the apex (= Bacidia-, Buellia-, Ramalina-types etc).  Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] shape: ellipsoidal; [asp] length [µm]: (low) 9.0 (high) 17.0; [asp] width [µm]: (low) 4.0 (high) 7.0; [asp] septa: present, transversely septate; [asp] transversal septa: (median) 1.0; [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless; [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent.  Secondary metabolites: present, usnic acid.  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.