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Arctoparmelia incurva (Pers.) Hale (redirected from: Parmelia incurva)
Family: Parmeliaceae
[Imbricaria incurva (Pers.) DC.,  more]
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Stephen Sharnoff  
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse [th] upper surface: green(ish) grey | yellow(ish) grey [th upper surface]: epruinose [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: present [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: present [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.6 (high) 3.0 [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): distantly discontiguous [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | rugulose, finely wrinkled | cracked, fissured, fractured, rimulose, subrimose [th] morphol substructures (eg lobes, branches): irregular [th] lower surface: black(ish) | grey(ish) [th lower surface] specific structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present asci: lecanoralean [asc] tholus: thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc) ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] shape: ellipsoidal [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent secondary metabolites: present secondary metabolites: α-collatolic acid | alectoronic acid | atranorin | chloroatranorin | protocetraric acid | usnic acid primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.

substrate: wood – dead, living | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.
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Samuel Brinker  
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Troy McMullin  
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Troy McMullin  
Arctoparmelia incurva image
Troy McMullin  
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Samuel Brinker  
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Arctoparmelia incurva image
Lucy Taylor  
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