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Cladonia verticillata (Hoffm.) Schaer.
Family: Cladoniaceae
[Cladonia cervicornis subsp. verticillata (Hoffm.) Ahti,  more]
Cladonia verticillata image
Troy McMullin  
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: squamulose (squamulous) | fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 1.0 (high) 2.0 ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial ascoma [mm]: (low) 0.5 (high) 2.0 ascoma: pedicellate, stipitate, pedunculate, stalked [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: convex [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown) [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present asci: lecanoralean [asc] tholus: thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: with amyloid tube (= Collema-, Micarea-, Porpidia-, Psora-types etc) ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent secondary metabolites: present secondary metabolites: fumarprotocetraric acid | protocetraric acid primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.

substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves.