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Tuckermanopsis ciliaris (Ach.) Gyeln. (redirected from: Cetraria ciliaris)
Family: Parmeliaceae
[Cetraria ciliaris Ach.,  more]
Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Stephen Sharnoff  

Global occurrence: Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Americas – South and Central America | Eurasia – Asia Tropical | Arctic.  Substrate: wood – dead, living | bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like; [th] upper surface: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | grey(ish) green | brown(ish) green (olivaceous, olive green) | grey(ish) brown | green(ish) brown (olive brown); [th upper surface]: epruinose; [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: present; [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: present; [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent; [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 1.0 (high) 3.0; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): distantly discontiguous; [th] morphol substructures (eg lobes, branches): irregular; [th] lower surface: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon); [th lower surface] specific structures: absent | present; [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present; [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple.  Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma [mm]: (low) 1.5 (high) 12.0; ascoma: sessile, superficial | subpedicellate, substipitate, subpedunculate, substalked; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: concave | plane, flat, flattened, expanded; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown); [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose; [ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | grey(ish) green | brown(ish) green (olivaceous, olive green) | grey(ish) brown | green(ish) brown (olive brown); [ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: present | abundant; [ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | hyaline, colourless; [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present; [ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon).  Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc).  Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] shape: subglobose, subspherical; [asp] length [µm]: (low) 5.0 (high) 7.0; [asp] width [µm]: (low) 4.0 (high) 5.0; [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular; [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless; [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent.  Conidiomata: absent | present.  Conidia: citriform; [co] length [µm]: (low) 5.0 (high) 7.0.  Secondary metabolites: present, olivetoric acid.  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.

Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Troy McMullin  
Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
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Gary Perlmutter  
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Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Linda Phillips  
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Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image
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Tuckermanopsis ciliaris image