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Ophioparma rubricosa (Mull. Arg.) S. Ekman (redirected from: Bacidia herrei)
Family: Ramalinaceae
[Bacidia herrei Zahlbr.,  more]
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Thallus: crustose, granular, rimose to barely rimose-areolate in the thickest part, 4-7 cm across, less then 2 mm thick when on rock (less than 0.5 mm thick on wood or bark but appearing thicker when the substrate is irregular) granules: 0.1-0.2 mm in diam., or occasionally in part consisting of tiny dispersed but crowded convex areoles areoles: dispersed to crowded, verrucose or rugose, tiny (0.1-0.2 mm in diam.) surface: whitish gray to pale yellow or pale pinkish buff, the granules paler than the non-granular parts, smooth to subisidiate to subsorediate Apothecia: common, circular to somewhat irregular, adnate, 1-3 mm in diam. disc: scarlet-red to deep rusty red or reddish brown, plane to convex and rugulose at maturity margin: thin, concolorous with thallus, soon disappearing amphithecium: thin, concolorous with the thallus, soon disappearing exciple: disappearing with age epihymenium: deep red, encrusted with haemoventosin crystals hymenium: hyaline below to red above; hypothecium: hyaline asci: clavate, 8-spored ascospores: hyaline, 3(-6)-septate, narrowly fusiform, usually straight but sometimes curved, 30-53 x (2-)3-4(-5) µm Pycnidia: black, on or among the areoles, with a blue-black, K- wall conidia: bacilliform, 5-8 x 0.7-1 µm Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC+ yellow, P- Secondary metabolites: apothecia with haemoventosin and thallus with usnic and divaricatic acids, atranorin (low conc. and possibly a contaminent) and an unknown. Substrate and ecology: primarily on bark of conifers or wood (especially Arctostaphylos spp.), occasionally on rock in woodlands World distribution: western North America, 600-1200 m Sonoran distribution: southern California. Notes: The report of the species from southern California dating to Hasse (1898a) was confirmed by Kalb and Staiger (1995) and May (1997).
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Jason Hollinger  
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image
Ophioparma rubricosa image