Nash, T.H., Ryan, B.D., Gries, C., Bungartz, F., (eds.) 2002. Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region. Vol 1.
Thallus: continuous, superficial on the substrate upper surface: brownish, smooth, often with pseudocyphellae photobiont: a trentepohlioid alga Perithecia: spherical, black, immersed in the thallus, 0.5-0.8 mm diam. ascomatal wall: black, continuous below the hamathecium hamathecium: composed of unbranched pseudoparaphyses, not anastomosing; filaments: c. 1 µm wide, not inspersed with oil droplets asci: cylindrical, with 8, irregularly arranged ascospores ascospores: blackish brown, narrowly ellipsoid, muriform with distosepta, 50-70 x 19-27 µm; walls: not ornamented, without a gelatinous sheath Spot tests: all negative, UV negative Secondary metabolites: none detected. Substrate and ecology: on bark of various woody plants World distribution: pantropical Sonoran distribution: only recorded from southern California.