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Staurothele monicae (Zahlbr.) Wetmore
Family: Verrucariaceae
[Endocarpon monicae Zahlbr.,  more]
Staurothele monicae image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Thallus: crustose, areolate areoles: angular, sides vertical, closely compacted, 0.1-0.3 mm broad surface: dull greenish-brown varying to orange-brown, in the mass the color is nearly greenish yellow or olive-gray; usually only slightly convex Perithecia: with base partly immersed in the areoles involucrellum: black, very prominently projecting above the areoles (not within as in S. areolata); exciple: black; hymenial gelatin: I+ blue asci: broadly clavate, 2-spored ascospores: ellipsoid to narrowly ellipsoid, greenish initially, soon becoming dark brown, muriform 7-8 (-12)-septate transversely, 2-3 septate longitudinally, 26-60 x 10-26 ┬Ám Spot tests: all negative Secondary metabolites: none detected. Substrate and ecology: on calcareous rocks at altitudes ranging from 700-3600 m World distribution: North America, from California to Minnesota Sonoran distribution: Arizona to Sonora, 100 to 2300 m. Notes: In Hasse's Lich. Exs. 212 (W, ASU), it is reported as Endocarpon monicae Zahlbr. In comparison with S. areolata, S. monicae is duller and the areoles are not as convex.