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Xanthocarpia lactea (A. Massal.) A. Massal. (redirected from: Caloplaca lactea)
Family: Teloschistaceae
[Blastenia lactea (A. Massal.) Trevis.,  more]
Xanthocarpia lactea image

Global occurrence: Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic.  Substrate: rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock – calcareous, calciferous, basic.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed; [th] upper surface: white(ish); [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent.  Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma [mm]: (min) 0.6.  Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: entirely amyloid (= Catillaria-, Teloschistes-types etc).  Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] length [µm]: (min) 13.0 (low) 15.0 (high) 20.0 (max) 22.0; [asp] width [µm]: (low) 6.0 (high) 9.0; [asp] septa: absent | present – spore lumen bilocular, polarilocular, plurilocular; transversely septate; [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless; [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent.  Secondary metabolites: present, unknown/unidentified anthraquinone(s).  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.