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Nephroma isidiosum (Nyl.) Gyelnik
Family: Nephromataceae
Nephroma isidiosum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like [th] upper surface: grey(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown) [th upper surface]: epruinose [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: present [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: present [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (median) 5.0 (max) 10.0 [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | verrucose, warted | rugose, plicate, folded, pustulate, faveolate, wrinkled | cracked, fissured, fractured, rimulose, subrimose [th] lower surface: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) [th lower surface] specific structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: absent | present ascomata: absent conidiomata: absent | present conidia: bacilliform, bacillar [co] length [µm]: (low) 3.0 (high) 4.0 secondary metabolites: present secondary metabolites: 7ß-acetoxyhopane-22-ol (peltidactylin) | gyrophoric acid | methyl gyrophorate | unknown/unidentified (tri-)terpenoid(s), (tri-)terpene(s) | unknown/unidentified pigment(s) | hopane-7ß,22-diol primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: cyanobacterial.

substrate: bryophytes – mosses, liverworts | bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.
Nephroma isidiosum image
Lucy Taylor  
Nephroma isidiosum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image
Nephroma isidiosum image