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Lobaria kurokawae Yoshim.
Family: Lobariaceae
Lobaria kurokawae image
Kok van Herk  
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like [th] upper surface: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (min) 15.0 [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: rugose, plicate, folded, pustulate, faveolate, wrinkled [th] lower surface: yellow(ish) (if dull: buff) [th lower surface] specific structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: squarrosely branched, squarrose ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial ascoma [mm]: (low) 2.0 (high) 3.0 [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: strongly concave, excavate, urceolate | concave | plane, flat, flattened, expanded [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present asci: lecanoralean [asc] tholus: thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: with amyloid cap (= Icmadophila-, Lecidea-, Pertusaria-types etc) ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] shape: fusiform [asp] length [µm]: (median) 20.0 [asp] width [µm]: (median) 8.0 [asp] septa: present [asp] septa: transversely septate [asp] transversal septa: (median) 3.0 [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless conidiomata: absent | present [co] length [µm]: (median) 7.0 secondary metabolites: present secondary metabolites: thelophoric acid | unknown/unidentified compound(s) primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: cyanobacterial.

substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves.