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Lasallia pustulata (L.) Merat
Family: Umbilicariaceae
[Capnia pustulata (L.) A. St.-Hil.,  more]
Lasallia pustulata image

Global occurrence: Africa (incl Madagascar) | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic.  Substrate: rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: peltate, umbilicate; continuous, diffuse, effuse; [th] upper surface: grey(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon); [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent | present; [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent; [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: present; [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: rugose, plicate, folded, pustulate, faveolate, wrinkled; [th] lower surface: black(ish); [th lower surface] specific structures: absent.  Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present.  Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: entirely amyloid (= Catillaria-, Teloschistes-types etc).  Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] septa: present; [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent.  Secondary metabolites: present, gyrophoric acid.  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.