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Parmotrema stuppeum (Taylor) Hale
Family: Parmeliaceae
[Parmelia claudelii (Harm.) Vain.,  more]
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Thallus: foliose, adnate to loosely adnate, 2-20 cm in diam., lobate lobes: subirregular, elongate, slightly imbricate, plane, separate, 4-8 mm wide; apices: rotund, ciliate; cilia: up to 2.0 mm long upper surface: gray, smooth, dull, emaculate soredia: granular, common, in linear to orbicular, laminal or marginal soralia; isidia and pustulae: absent medulla: white with continuous algal layer lower surface: black with brown, naked zone peripherally, centrally rhizinate; rhizines: scattered, simple, black Apothecia: rare, substipitate, up to 30 mm in diam.; margin: crenulate; disc: brown, imperforate ascospores: ellipsoid, 12-17 x 6-9 µm Pycnidia: common, punctiform conidia: sublageniform, 4-6 x 1 µm Spot tests: upper cortex K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P-; medulla K+ yellow turning deep red, C-, KC-, P+ orange Secondary metabolites: upper cortex with atranorin and chloroatranorin; medulla with salazinic acid (major) and consalazinic acids (minor). Substrate and ecology: usually on trees in open habitats, rarely on rocks World distribution: pantropical and pantemperate Sonoran distribution: SE Arizona, southern California, Sierra Madre Occidental region of Chihuahua, Sonora and Sinaloa Baja Califoria and southern mountains of Baja California Sur.
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Samuel Brinker  
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Andrew Khitsun  
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Andrew Khitsun  
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Andrew Khitsun  
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Andrew Khitsun  
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image
Parmotrema stuppeum image