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Parmotrema austrosinense (Zahlbr.) Hale
Family: Parmeliaceae
[Parmelia austrosinensis Zahlbr.]
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Thallus: foliose, loosely adnate, 3-10 cm in diam., lobate lobes: subirregular, elongate, slightly imbricate, plane, separate, 10-30 mm wide; apices: rotund, often ascending, elacinate and eciliate upper surface: gray with some blackened areas, smooth, dull to shiny, usually weakly white maculate soredia: granular, common, in linear, submarginal or marginal soralia; isidia and pustulae: absent medulla: white with continuous algal layer lower surface: black with brown to mottled white naked zone peripherally, centrally rhizinate; rhizines: scattered, simple Apothecia: rare, substipitate, up to 10 mm in diam.; margin: sparsely sorediate; disc: brown, often perforate ascospores: ellipsoid to broadly ellipsoid, 12-18 x 7-10 ┬Ám Pycnidia: not seen Spot tests: upper cortex K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P-; medulla K-, C+ red, KC+ red, P- Secondary metabolites: upper cortex with atranorin and chloroatranorin; medulla with lecanoric acid (major). Substrate and ecology: usually on trees in open habitats, rarely on rocks World distribution: pantropical and extending into some adjacent temperate areas Sonoran distribution: .coastal areas of California, Sonora and Sinaloa.
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Lynda Miller  
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image
Parmotrema austrosinense image