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Arctoparmelia subcentrifuga (Oksner) Hale
Family: Parmeliaceae
[Parmelia subcentrifuga Oksner,  more]
Arctoparmelia subcentrifuga image
Thallus: tightly adnate to adnate, foliose, 4-8 cm in diam., lobate lobes: narrow, sublinear to subirregular, contiguous to imbricate, somewhat elongate, convex, separate, 0.6-3 mm wide, lobe tips subrotund upper surface: pale greenish to yellowish gray, smooth but cracked with age, dull, becoming rimose, emaculate, becoming strongly rugulose soredia: coarse, in linear to irregular pustulae, coarse, becoming diffuse, submarginal, isidia absent medulla: white lower surface: purplish black centrally, gray marginally, sparsely rhizinate, rhizines black, simple Apothecia: not seen Pycnidia: not seen Spot tests: cortex K- or K+ yellow (depending on atranorin concentration), C-, KC+ yellow, P+ yellow; medulla K-, C-, KC-, P- Secondary metabolites: upper cortex with atranorin, chloroatranorin and usnic acid, medulla with alectoronic acid (major). Substrate and ecology: open boulder fields in arctic, upper montane to alpine areas World distribution: arctic North America southwards at scattered localities throughout the Rocky Mountains and in the Great Lakes area Sonoran distribution: only known from one location on rocks in an upper montane scree slope in the Chiricahua Mountains of SE Arizona.