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Micarea turfosa (A. Massal.) Du Rietz
Family: Pilocarpaceae
[Biatora turfosa A. Massal.,  more]
Micarea turfosa image
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse [th] upper surface: black(ish) | brown(ish) black | black(ish) grey | grey(ish) green [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: uneven, undulate ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial ascoma [mm]: (low) 0.15 (high) 0.3 (max) 0.4 [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: convex | distinctly convex | strongly convex, hemispherical, (sub-)globose [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: black(ish) [ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: absent [ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown) [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present [ascm] paraphyses/-oid cells width [µm]: (low) 1.0 (high) 1.5 asci: lecanoralean [asc] tholus: thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: with amyloid tube, ring (= Collema-, Micarea-, Porpidia-, Psora-types etc) ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] shape: ellipsoidal | fusiform [asp] length [µm]: (min) 10.0 (low) 12.0 (high) 21.0 (max) 25.0 [asp] width [µm]: (min) 3.5 (low) 4.0 (high) 5.0 [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular | present [asp] septa: transversely septate [asp] transversal septa: (low) 0.0 (high) 3.0 [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent conidiomata: absent | present conidia: bacilliform, bacillar [co] length [µm]: (low) 3.5 (high) 4.5 secondary metabolites: absent primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.

substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | bryophytes – mosses, liverworts.