Slideshow image
Megalaria laureri (Th. Fr.) Hafellner
Family: Ramalinaceae
[Biatora intermixta ,  more]
Megalaria laureri image

Global occurrence: Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Oceania – Australasia | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico).  Substrate: bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – endosubstratal, inconspicuous, immersed | crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified; continuous, diffuse, effuse | granular, granulose, granulate | cracked, fissured, fractured, rimose; [th] upper surface: white(ish) | grey(ish) green; [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | granulose, granular | verrucose, warted.  Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma [mm]: (low) 0.4(median) 0.9 (high) 1.1; ascoma: sessile, superficial; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: plane, flat, flattened, expanded | subconvex, slightly convex; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown); [ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: blue(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown); [ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: absent; [ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: red(dish) | red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown); [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present; [ascm] paraphyses/-oid cells width [µm]: (low) 1.3 (high) 1.7; [ascm] paraphyses/-oid apical cells width [µm]: (median) 3.0; [ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: green(ish) | blue(ish) green (turquoise) | red(dish) brown (pale: orange brown) | blue(ish) red (purple).  Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with acuate axial body towards the apex (= Bacidia-, Buellia-, Ramalina-types etc).  Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] shape: ellipsoidal | elongate-fusiform, ellipsoidal-fusiform ; [asp] length [µm]: (low) 10.0 (high) 16.0 (max) 18.0; [asp] width [µm]: (min) 5.0 (low) 6.0 (high) 9.0; [asp] septa: present; transversely septate; [asp] transversal septa: (median) 1.0; [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless; [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent.  Secondary metabolites: absent | present.  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.