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Cladonia deformis (L.) Hoffm.  
Family: Cladoniaceae
[Lichen deformis L.]
Cladonia deformis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Primary thallus: squamulose, persistent; squamules: up to 5 mm long and 3 mm wide, crenulate to crenate-lobate, esorediate, yellowish brown at base podetia: 15-40 mm tall and up to 4 mm wide, yellowish green to gray, dying base orange brown, cup-bearing; cups: 2-4 mm wide, rarely flaring; margin: entire or regularly dentate, sometimes with proliferations surface: with a persistent cortex a quarter to half the length of the podetium, longitudinally rugose to chinky-areolate; cortex: intermixed with soredia and upper 1/3 to 2/3 of podetium totally covered by soredia; soredia: farinose Apothecia: infrequent, up to 5 mm diam, red ascospores: fusiform, 8-10 x 2.5-3.5 micro meter Pycnidia: scarce, at cup margins, ovoid, with red gelatin conidia: 8-11 x 1 micro meter Spot tests: K-, C-, KC+ yellow, P-, UV- Secondary metabolites: thallus with usnic acid, isousnic acid and zeorin (visible as needle crystals on old herbarium specimens); apothecial discs with rhodocladonic acid as a red pigment. Habitat and ecology: on humus or rotting wood World distribution: Antarctica, Australasia, Europe, North America and southern South America Sonoran distribution: upper elevations of eastern Arizona (Apache Co.). Notes: See discussion under the more frequent Cladonia sulphurina, which can be very similar to C. deformis.
Cladonia deformis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia deformis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia deformis image
Troy McMullin  
Cladonia deformis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
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