Slideshow image
Parmelia spp.
Family: Parmeliaceae
Parmelia image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Life habit: lichenized Thallus: foliose, ± circular, lobate lobes: narrow, sublinear, contiguous, rarely imbricate; apices: truncate, eciliate upper surface: gray, plane to foveolate, shiny or dull, strongly white, simple or reticulate maculae, pruinose or not; with or without isidia, soralia, or lobules; pseudocyphellae common, frequently elongated and irregularly effigurate (developing from the maculae) upper cortex: non-pored epicortex, prosoplechtenchymatous medulla: white, loosely packed; cell walls containing isolichenan photobionts: primary one a Trebouxia, secondary photobiont absent lower surface: black, attached by simple, furcated or squarrose, black rhizines; cyphellae, pseudocyphellae and tomentum absent Ascomata: apothecial, laminal on thallus, orbicular, cup-shaped, sessile to pedicellate; margin: prominent with thalloid rim; disc: usually pale to dark brown, imperforate; exciple: gray or hyaline, epithecium: brown or brownish yellow; hypothecium: hyaline asci: lecanoral, wall layers thickened; apex: amyloid, with wide, divergent axial body; c. 8-spored ascospores: simple, ellipsoid to broadly ellipsoid, 11-15 x 6-9 µm but larger in many Asian species; wall thin, hyaline, not amyloid Conidiomata: absent or present, pycnidia laminal or marginal, immersed or emergent sessile conidia: cylindrical, rarely bifusiform, 5-8 x 1 µm Secondary metabolites: upper cortex atranorin and chloroatranorin (rarely usnic acid accessory); medulla some combination of orcinol depsides or depsidones, ß-orcinol depsides or depsidones or aliphatic acids Geography: predominately temperate/boreal to arctic/alpine Substrate: mostly bark, non-calciferous rock, mosses or humus.
Images
not available
Parmelia
Image of Parmelia abessinica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia acrobotrys
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia adaugescens
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia addanubica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia addita
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia adjuncta
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia adligans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia adpressa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia affluens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia aldabrensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia allardii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia almbornii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia amboimensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia amplectens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia andina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia annae
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia annexa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Image of Parmelia apophysata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia aprica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia araucariarum
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia arcana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia arquata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia atroventralis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia atroviridis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia australiensis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia austroafricana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia azulensis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia baguioensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia bogoriensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia boliviana
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia boquetensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia borrerina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia brachyphylla
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia breviciliata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia britannica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia bulbochaeta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia calcarea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Image of Parmelia caliginosa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia callitricha
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia canescens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia capitata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia caribaea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia carporrhizans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ceracea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia chiapensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia chowoensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ciliaris
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia citrinescens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia clavulifera
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia clivorum
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia commensurata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia composita
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia concreta
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia condyloides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia conformata
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia confusa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Image of Parmelia connivens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia consimilis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia consocians
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia contradicta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia cooperi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia coreyi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia corniculans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia cornuta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia crassa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia crenata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia crocoides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia crustulosa
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia cryptoxantha
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia cryptoxanthoides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia cubensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia cyliphora
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia daliensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia darrowi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia decurtata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia delavayi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia diacidula
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia diadeta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia digitata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia direagens
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia discordans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia duplicata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia durumae
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia eborina
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ebulliens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia eitenii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia elaeodes
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia encrustans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia enormis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia entotheiochroa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia erhizinosa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia eruptens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia excrescens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia exillima
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia eximia
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia explanata
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia exporrecta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia fahlunensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia fatiscens
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia fausta
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia fecunda
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia festiva
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia filipina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia fissicarpa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia flavotincta
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia flavovirens
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia flexilis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia flotowiana
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia fluorescens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia fracta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia frondosa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ganymedea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia geesterani
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia gigas
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia glaberrima
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia glabratuloides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia gloriosa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia grayana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia hanningtoniana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia heterodoxa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia hololoba
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia hospitans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia hottentotta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia hygrophylla
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia hyporhytida
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia hypotrypa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia imitata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia immiscens
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia imperfecta
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia imperforata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia imshaugii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia inconstans
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia incrustata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia infausta
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia infirma
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia inornata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia insignis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia inuncta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ioannis-simae
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia irrugans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia isidioclada
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia itatiayae
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia jacquesi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia japonica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia kamtschadalis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia kauaiensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia kinabalensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia kingii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia koflerae
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia koyaensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia laciniatula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia laongii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia leiophylla
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia leonis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia leucotyliza
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia lineariloba
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia lobulascens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia lophogena
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia lorentzii
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia loriloba
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia lusitana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia luteoviridis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia maculoides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia madeirensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia magna
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia majuscula
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia malesiana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia mannii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia marmariza
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia mazarina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia meiophora
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia melanochaeta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia merrillii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia mesogenes
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia mesotropa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Image of Parmelia meyeri
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia michoacanensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia microdactyla
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia minima
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Image of Parmelia monilifera
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia moreliensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia musculina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia myelochroa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia nairobiensis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia nakuruensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia natalensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia neglecta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia neocongensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia neutralis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia nicolai
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia nigeriensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia nigrireagens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia niitakana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia nilgherrensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia novae-zelandiae
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia novo-mexicana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia nyasensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia obscurascens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ochroglauca
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia odontata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia orientalis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ornatula
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia osorioi
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia osseoalbida
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia overeemii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pachyderma
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pachyspora
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pacifica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pancheri
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia papulosa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia paradoxa
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia paraesquarrosa
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia paraguariensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pardii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia parietina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia patula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia peralbida
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia phaeophana
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia phlyctina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia physodalica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pigmentacea
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pigmentifera
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia piliferella
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pilosella
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia piloselloides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pindarensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia planiuscula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia plicata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pluriformis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pokornyi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia praeinsueta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia praesquarrosa
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia praetermissa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia procera
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia prolata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pruinata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pseudocrinita
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pseudograyana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pseudolaevior
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pseudoreticulata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pseudoshinanoana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pulloides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia punctilla
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia punicea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pustulata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia pustulescens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia queenslandensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia quintaria
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia radians
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ralla
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ramosissima
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ramuscula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia rava
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia regnellii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia remanens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia rhabdiformis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia rhododendri
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ricasolioides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia riograndensis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia rissoensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia rodriguesiana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia rubifaciens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia rudis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia russellii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia ryssolea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia samoënsis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia sanctae-crucis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia sancti-angelii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia sbarbaronis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia scabrella
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia schelpei
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia schimperi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia schizospatha
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia schmitzii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia scytodes
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia scytophylla
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia sectilis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia segreganda
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia setchellii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia simplicior
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia sinensis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia singularis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia soredians
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia soyauxii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia spilota
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia spissa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia squamosa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subaurulenta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subbahiana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subcetrarioides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subcolorata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subcorallina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subdiffluens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subdivaricata
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subdomokosii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subincerta
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subinflata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia sublanea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia sublimbata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia submarmariza
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia submutata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subplumbeata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subproboscidea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subpumila
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subregressa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subrugata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subschimperi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subtestacea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Parmelia
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subtortula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subturgida
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia subvagans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia sydneyensis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia symmiga
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia taitae
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia tananarivensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia tarkinensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia taurica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia tegulicola
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia thamnidiella
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia thamnoides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia thomsoniana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia thryptica
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia tinctoria
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia tortula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia trachythallina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia tropica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia tsavoensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia uberrima
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia umbrosa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia uruguensis
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia usambarensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia velutina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia vermicularis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia versicolor
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia vestitula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia violacea
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia virens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia viridiflava
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia vitellina
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia vivida
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia wattiana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia willisii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia wrightii
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia xanthocarpa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia yunnana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia zambiensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Parmelia zimbabwensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available