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Melanelia hepatizon (Ach.) Thell (redirected from: Platysma hepatizon)
Family: Ramalinaceae
[Cetraria fahlunensis var. polyschiza (Nyl.) Th. Fr.,  more]
Melanelia hepatizon image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse [th] upper surface: black(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | black(ish) brown | green(ish) brown (olive brown) [th upper surface]: epruinose [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 1.0 (high) 2.0 (max) 2.5 [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | verrucose, warted | pseudocyphellate, with pseudocyphellae [th] lower surface: black(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | brown(ish) black [th lower surface] specific structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial ascoma [mm]: (min) 5.0 ascoma: sessile, superficial [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present asci: lecanoralean [asc] tholus: thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc) ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] shape: ellipsoidal [asp] length [µm]: (low) 7.0 (high) 10.5 [asp] width [µm]: (low) 4.5 (high) 6.0 [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent conidiomata: absent | present conidia: bifusiform [co] length [µm]: (low) 5.0 (high) 6.0 secondary metabolites: present secondary metabolites: atranorin | chloroatranorin | constictic acid | cryptostictic acid | menegazziaic acid | norstictic acid | stictic acid primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.

substrate: bryophytes – mosses, liverworts | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.
Melanelia hepatizon image
Troy McMullin  
Melanelia hepatizon image
Troy McMullin  
Melanelia hepatizon image
Samuel Brinker  
Melanelia hepatizon image
Lucy Taylor  
Melanelia hepatizon image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Melanelia hepatizon image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Melanelia hepatizon image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Melanelia hepatizon image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image
Melanelia hepatizon image