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Bilimbia lobulata (Sommerf.) Hafellner & Coppins (redirected from: Toninia syncomista)
Family: Catillariaceae
[Bilimbia leucophaea A.L. Sm.,  more]
Bilimbia lobulata image

Thallus squamulose; squamules dull grey-green to grey-brown, typically rather paler at the margin, 0·2–0·6 mm wide, densely imbricate, sometimes becoming fused, with margin crenulate to lobulate; photobiont cells very variable, irregularly globose to broadly ellipsoid, 8–22 X 6–14 μm.

Apothecia 0·25–1·0 mm wide, scattered or contiguous and becoming fused; disc brown at first, soon brown-black to black, plane to markedly convex and rather lumpy and uneven; margin concolorous with the disc, very thin, soon excluded, in section 40–60 μm thick, pale reddish brown, N+ reddish, +/- unchanged in K, composed of radiating hyphae. Hypothecium dark reddish brown, N+ reddish, unchanged in K. Hymenium colourless, with a rather incomplete grey-green, K-, N+ reddish epithecium; paraphyses simple, straight, rather robust, to 2·5 μm thick, with greyish, somewhat moniliform apices to 3·5 μm wide. Ascospores (0–)2–3-septate, 15·0–24·0 X 5·0–7·5 μm, broadly fusiform to ellipsoid, sometimes with acute, rather attenuated apices; perispore uneven, distinct in water, disappearing in K or N.

Pycnidia not seen.

Chemistry. No substances detectable by thin-layer chromatography.

Remarks. The above description is based on the single Tasmanian specimen studied; additional descriptions of this species are provided by Timdal & James (1992) and Thomson (1997). The combination of a squamulose thallus, dark, lecideine apothecia and septate ascospores with a distinct, gelatinous perispore are diagnostic for this species. No confusing species are known from the study area.

Habitat and distribution.This species is recorded here for Tasmania for the first time. McCarthy (2003) also records it for Victoria, Australia. The Tasmanian specimen grew on soil in crevices of large limestone outcrops in a high altitude grassland, a habitat consistent with its distribution in the Northern Hemisphere where it is widespread at temperate latitudes.