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Anaptychia ulotricoides (Vain.) Vain.
Family: Physciaceae
Anaptychia ulotricoides image

Global occurrence: Africa (incl Madagascar) | Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic.  Substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | bryophytes – mosses, liverworts | bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like; [th] upper surface: grey(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | white(ish) | yellow(ish) white (ivory, off-white, cream-coloured); [th upper surface]: epruinose | pruinose; [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.25 (high) 1.0; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | hairy, pilose, setose, hirsute, tomentose, pubescent, felt-like; [th] lower surface: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | white(ish); [th lower surface] specific structures: present; [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present; [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple | furcately branched, furcate, forked.  Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma [mm]: (min) 1.0; ascoma: sessile, superficial | subpedicellate, substipitate, subpedunculate, substalked; [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present.  Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc).  Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] length [µm]: (min) 21.0 (low) 25.0 (high) 31.0; [asp] width [µm]: (low) 13.0 (high) 14.0; [asp] septa: present, transversely septate; [asp] transversal septa: (median) 1.0; [asp] pigmentation: medium brown, brownish.  Conidiomata: absent | present.  Conidia: bacilliform, bacillary; [co] length [µm]: (low) 3.5 (high) 5.0.  Secondary metabolites: present, unknown/unidentified (tri-)terpenoid(s), (tri-)terpene(s).  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.