Slideshow image
Ramalina capitata (Ach.) Nyl.
Family: Ramalinaceae
[Ramalina capitata var. strepsilis (Ach.) Motyka,  more]
Ramalina capitata image

Global occurrence: Africa (incl Madagascar) | Eurasia – Europe | Arctic.  Substrate: bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like; continuous, diffuse, effuse; [th] upper surface: grey(ish) green; [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: present; [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent; [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent; [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: present; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 1.0 (high) 3.0.  Ascomata: absent.  Secondary metabolites: absent | present, usnic acid.  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.