Global occurrence: Africa (incl Madagascar) | Eurasia – Asia Extratropical | Eurasia – Europe | Eurasia – Asia Tropical | Arctic. Substrate: bryophytes – mosses, liverworts | bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs | rock – calcareous, calciferous, basic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified. Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts). Thallus: foliose (foliaceous), leaf-like | fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like; continuous, diffuse, effuse; [th] upper surface: grey(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | grey(ish) brown; [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: present; [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: present; [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent; [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): contiguous, coherent (throughout the thallus); [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane; [th] morphol substructures (eg lobes, branches): irregular; [th] lower surface: brown(ish) white; [th lower surface] specific structures: absent. Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma [mm]: (low) 2.0 (high) 5.0; ascoma: pedicellate, stipitate, pedunculate, stalked; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: strongly concave, excavate, urceolate | concave; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: blue(ish) grey | black(ish) brown; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose | pruinose; [ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: present; [ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: hyaline, colourless | yellow(ish) brown; [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present; [ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon). Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc). Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] shape: ellipsoidal; [asp] length [µm]: (low) 18.0 (high) 24.0; [asp] width [µm]: (low) 40.0 (high) 45.0 (max) 54.0; [asp] septa: present; transversely septate; [asp] transversal septa: (median) 1.0; [asp] pigmentation: medium brown, brownish | dark brown. Secondary metabolites: absent. Primary photobiont: present; chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid. Secondary photobiont(eg in cephalodia): absent.