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Belonia incarnata Th. Fr. & Graewe ex Th. Fr.
Family: Gyalectaceae
[Gongylia incarnata (Th. Fr.) Zahlbr.]
Belonia incarnata image
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse [th] upper surface: grey(ish) | green(ish) | green(ish) grey | grey(ish) white [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial | perithecial, perithecioid – hymenial ascoma [mm]: (low) 0.25 (high) 0.45 ascoma: subsessile, subimmersed, adnate, semi-immersed, emergent [ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: yellow(ish) (if dull: buff) | red(dish) | yellow(ish) grey | white(ish) brown (beige) | red(dish) white (pink) [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present asci: unitunicate [asc] tholus: not thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): absent ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] shape: filiform, vermiform [asp] length [µm]: (min) 80.0 (low) 120.0 (high) 160.0 (max) 170.0 [asp] width [µm]: (low) 3.0 (high) 4.0 (max) 4.5 [asp] septa: present [asp] septa: transversely septate [asp] transversal septa: (low) 13.0 (high) 27.0 [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent secondary metabolites: absent primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.

substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | bryophytes – mosses, liverworts.