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Flavoparmelia caperata (L.) Hale (redirected from: Pseudoparmelia caperata)
Family: Parmeliaceae
[Flavoparmelia caperata f. caperata (L.) Hale,  more]
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Stephen Sharnoff  
Thallus: adnate to loosely adnate, foliose, 5-20 cm in diam., sometimes forming extensive patches, irregularly lobate lobes: subirregular, elongate, plane to subconvex, separate, 5-13 mm wide, contiguous to somewhat imbricate; apices rotund, crenate, eciliate upper surface: yellow green to pale yellow, occasionally green-gray (in shade), smooth but becoming rugose and folded with age, dull to somewhat shiny; epruinose and emaculate soredia: laminal, granular to wart-like, initially in circular soralia but becoming diffuse and confluent; isidia: absent medulla: white with continuous algal layer lower surface: black centrally, brown and naked peripherally; rhizines: dense to sparse centrally to edge of brown zone, black, simple, sometime brown or white tipped Apothecia: rare, up to 8 mm wide, laminal, sessile; disc: brown; margin: smooth but sorediate sometimes asci: clavate, 8-spored ascospores: simple, ellipsoid, hyaline, 15-24 x 8-13 µm Pycnidia: laminal, immersed conidia: weakly bifusiform, 6 x 1 µm Spot tests: upper cortex K-, C-, KC+ yellow, P-; medulla K-, C-, KC-, P+ red Secondary metabolites: upper cortex with usnic acid (major) and atranorin (trace); medulla with protocetraric acid (major) and caperatic acid (minor). Substrate and ecology: on broad leafed trees, shrubs and fence posts in open habitats, coastal to montane up to 2000m, rarely on rocks World distribution: North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa Sonoran distribution: common on oaks, particularly in coastal California and Baja California, occasionally in central Arizona southwards into the Sierra Madre Occidental of Sonora and Chihuahua.
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Jason Hollinger  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Gary Perlmutter  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Gary Perlmutter  
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Gary Perlmutter  
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Andrew Khitsun  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Flavoparmelia caperata image
Stephen Sharnoff  
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