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Umbilicaria polyrrhiza (L.) Fr. (redirected from: Actinogyra polyrhiza)
Family: Umbilicariaceae
[Actinogyra polyrhiza ,  more]
Umbilicaria polyrrhiza image
Lucy Taylor  
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: peltate, umbilicate, continuous, diffuse, effuse [th] upper surface: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown) [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent | present [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: present [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 20.0 (high) 50.0 [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): distantly discontiguous [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | rugose, plicate, folded, pustulate, faveolate, wrinkled | cracked, fissured, fractured, rimulose, subrimose [th] lower surface: black(ish) [th lower surface] specific structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizoid structures: present [th lower surface] rhizines, rhizinoid structures: unbranched, simple | irregularly branched, irregular ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial ascoma [mm]: (low) 2.0 (high) 5.0 ascoma: subsessile, subimmersed, adnate, semi-immersed, emergent [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: subconvex, slightly convex | convex [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: black(ish) [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose [ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: black(ish) [ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: absent [ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present [ascm] paraphyses/-oid cells width [µm]: (median) 2.4 [ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: black(ish) asci: lecanoralean [asc] tholus: thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: entirely amyloid (= Catillaria-, Teloschistes-types etc) ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] shape: ellipsoidal [asp] length [µm]: (low) 8.0 (high) 9.0 [asp] width [µm]: (low) 3.5 (high) 6.0 [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent conidiomata: absent | present secondary metabolites: present secondary metabolites: gyrophoric acid | umbilicaric acid primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.

substrate: rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.