Slideshow image
Toninia sedifolia (Scop.) Timdal (redirected from: Toninia caeruleonigricans)
Family: Ramalinaceae
[Biatorina coeruleonigricans ,  more]
Toninia sedifolia image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Life habit: lichenized, lichenicolous or not Thallus: squamulose squamules: up to 3 mm diam., scattered to adjacent or irregularly imbricate, rounded or elongated, weakly convex to bullate upper surface: olivaceous green to grayish green or olivaceous brown to grayish brown, epruinose to partly (rarely entirely) covered by farinose pruina, dull or faintly shiny, smooth or sometimes with a few shallow fissures, lacking pores and pseudocyphellae upper cortex: up to 60 µm high, containing calcium oxalate margin: concolorous with upper surface or white Apothecia: up to 3 mm diam., plane and marginate when young, later convex and immarginate, epruinose or faintly pruinose or densely pruinose; exciple: dark gray in the rim, medium brown to dark reddish brown in inner part; hypothecium: reddish brown; epithecium: gray (K+ violet, N+ violet) asci: clavate, 8-spored ascospores: fusiform, 1-septate, 12-24 x 3-5 µm Pycnidia: not seen Spot tests: all negative Secondary metabolites: none detected in Sonoran material but some terpenoids found elsewhere. Host: cyanolichens Substrate and ecology: on soil and in fissures of often calciferous rock in open habitats and woodlands, up to 2380 m World distribution: widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, more scattered in the Southern Hemisphere Sonoran distribution: rather common in Arizona and California, rare in Baja California.
Toninia sedifolia image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Toninia sedifolia image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Toninia sedifolia image
Samuel Brinker  
Toninia sedifolia image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Toninia sedifolia image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Toninia sedifolia image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image
Toninia sedifolia image