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Polycauliona bolacina (Tuck.) Arup, Frödén & Søchting (redirected from: Caloplaca bolacina)
Family: Teloschistaceae
[Caloplaca bolacina (Tuck.) H. Magn.,  more]
Polycauliona bolacina image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Life habit: lichenized Thallus: squamulose, areolate to subsquamulose, without elongated lobes; prothallus: absent surface: orange, pruinose or shiny, without asexual propagules cortex: adglutinate hyphae, 42-112 µm thick, granules absent; medulla dense, without granules Apothecia: adnate, 0.4-1.8 mm in diam., lecanorine disc: orange, flat or slightly convex, epruinose margin: persistent, flush; thalline margin present, concolorous with thallus; proper margin not visible parathecium: elongate to oval cells; exciple below hypothecium of irregular hyphae epihymenium: golden, K+ red hymenium: hyaline, 5675(-85) µm tall paraphyses: 2-3 tip cells slightly swollen, not branched; subhymenium hyaline asci: cylindrical, 8-spored ascospores: hyaline, 2 locules, ellipsoid, 11-14 x 5.5-7 µm, isthmus 1.5-3.5(-4) µm, spore end wall thin Pycnidia: not observed Spot tests: apothecial margin K+ red; thallus K+ red Secondary metabolites: parietin, fallacinal, emodin, and xanthorin. Substrate and ecology: on non-calcareous rocks World distribution: southwestern North America Sonoran distribution: southern California, Baja California, Baja California Sur, western Chihuahua, and Sonora. Notes: Caloplaca bolacina has a yellow-orange, areolate to subsquamulose thallus with a thick cortex of dense anticlinal hyphae. The apothecia are large and have a good thalline margin.
Polycauliona bolacina image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Polycauliona bolacina image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Jason Dart  
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Jason Dart  
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Jason Dart  
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Jason Dart  
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Jason Dart  
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image
Polycauliona bolacina image