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Parmotrema hypoleucinum (Steiner) Hale
Family: Parmeliaceae
[Parmelia hypoleucina J. Steiner]
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Thallus: foliose, adnate to loosely adnate, 3-15 cm in diam., lobate lobes: subirregular, elongate, slightly imbricate, plane, separate, 8-15 mm wide; apices: rotund, ciliate; cilia: sparse, 0.3-2.0 mm long upper surface: gray with some blackened areas, smooth, dull to shiny, sometimes white pruinose, usually white maculate soredia: granular, common, in linear, marginal to submarginal soralia; isidia and pustulae: absent medulla: white with continuous algal layer lower surface: black with brown to mottled white naked zone peripherally, centrally rhizinate; rhizines: scattered, simple Apothecia: not seen Pycnidia: not seen Spot tests: upper cortex K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P-; medulla K+ yellow turning orange, C-, KC-, P+ orange Secondary metabolites: upper cortex with atranorin and chloroatranorin; medulla with stictic acid (major) and constictic and norstictic acids (minor). Substrate and ecology: usually on trees in open habitats, rarely on rocks World distribution: pantropical and pantemperate Sonoran distribution: southern, coastal regions of California and the western fringe of Baja California.
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image
Parmotrema hypoleucinum image