Slideshow image
Bryoria implexa (Hoffm.) Brodo & D. Hawksw.
Family: Parmeliaceae
[Alectoria implexa (Hoffm.) Nyl.,  more]
Bryoria implexa image
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like [th] upper surface: black(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | white(ish) | brown(ish) black | grey(ish) brown | green(ish) brown (olive brown) | white(ish) brown (beige) [th upper surface]: epruinose [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: present [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent | present [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.15 (high) 0.3 (max) 0.35 [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): distantly discontiguous [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: pseudocyphellate, with pseudocyphellae [th] morphol substructures (eg lobes, branches): isotomic-dichotomous ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial ascoma [mm]: (low) 0.4 (high) 0.5 ascoma: pedicellate, stipitate, pedunculate, stalked [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: concave | plane, flat, flattened, expanded | subconvex, slightly convex [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: red(dish) brown (if pale: orange brown) [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose [ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: black(ish) | brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon) | grey(ish) brown [ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: present | abundant [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present [ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: red(dish) brown (pale: orange brown) asci: lecanoralean [asc] tholus: thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc) ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] shape: subglobose, subspherical | ellipsoidal [asp] length [µm]: (low) 5.4 (high) 7.5 [asp] width [µm]: (low) 4.0 (high) 4.5 [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent secondary metabolites: present secondary metabolites: connorstictic acid | norstictic acid primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.

substrate: bark, cork, plant surface – trunks, branches, twigs.