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Carbonicola anthracophila (Nyl.) Bendiksby & Timdal (redirected from: Hypocenomyce anthracophila)
Family: Ophioparmaceae
[Biatora anthracophila (Nyl.) Hafellner,  more]
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Thallus: squamulose squamules: up to 0.8 (-1.3) mm diam., normally ascending and geotropically oriented, concave or plane when young, later weakly to strongly convex upper surface: grayish green to greenish or medium brown, shiny; margin: entire, not or slightly upturned, lighter than upper side or white soredia: gray, farinose to granular, in labriborm soralia upper cortex: up to 100 (-130) µm thick, composed of thick-walled hyphae Apothecia: up to 0.8 (-1.3) mm diam., marginal or on the underside of ascending squamules; disc: reddish to dark brown, convex, epruinose, egyrose; margin: more or less prominent when young, later excluding, entire; exciple: composed of closely conglutinated hyphae, colorless to pale brown, not containing crystals, K-, N-; hypothecium: colorless; epithecium: light brown, not containing crystals, K-, N-; paraphyses: with swelling and pigment cap in apical cell asci: with a well developed tholus containing an amyloid tube ascospores: narrowly ellipsoid to fusiform, simple or more rarely 1-septate, 7-13 x 1.5-2.5 µm Pycnidia: sessile, black, attached marginally or to the underside of the squamule conidia: filiform, 6.5-12.5 x c. 1 µm Spot tests: upper cortex and soralia K-, C-, KC-, P+ orange/ red, medulla K-, C-, KC+ purple, P- Secondary metabolites: colensoic acid and related secondary products, fumarprotocetraric acid, and protocetraric acid. Substrate and ecology: on bark and wood of conifers, usually charred, in conifer forests at 530-3050 m alt. World distribution: North America, Australia, Europe and Asia Sonoran distribution: fairly common in Arizona, Baja California, Sonora and Chihuahua.
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image
Carbonicola anthracophila image