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Carbonea assimilis (Korber) Th. Fr.
Family: Lecanoraceae
[Lecidea assimilis (Hampe ex Körb.) Th. Fr.,  more]
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Global occurrence: Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic.  Substrate: lichens, lichenized fungi | rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified; cracked, fissured, fractured, rimose | compartimentized – areolate, squamulate; [th] upper surface: brown(ish) (if pale: fawn, tan; if mid: cinnamon); [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: verrucose, warted; [th] medulla amyloidity: absent.  Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma: sessile, superficial; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: black(ish); [ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: black(ish); [ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: absent; [ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: hyaline, colourless; [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present; [ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: blue(ish) green (turquoise).  Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: amyloid with widening axial body towards the apex (= Lecanora-, Parmelia-, Rinodina-types etc).  Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] shape: ellipsoidal; [asp] length [µm]: (low) 10.0 (high) 15.0; [asp] width [µm]: (low) 5.0 (high) 9.5; [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular; [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless; [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent.  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.