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Cladonia gracilis (L.) Willd.
Family: Cladoniaceae
[Capitularia gracilis (L.) Flörke,  more]
Cladonia gracilis image
Jason Hollinger  
Primary thallus: squamulose, persistent, entire to crenate lobate; squamules: 1-3 mm wide, 1-5 mm long, esorediate podetia: green to brownish-green, 35-80 mm tall, cup-bearing; cups: 4-8 mm wide, flaring rapidly from podetial support, proliferating from margins, occasionally with proliferations from center surface: corticate, esorediate, occasionally shiny, cortex smooth, continuous to subcontinuous Apothecia: common, up to 7 mm wide, dark brown ascospores: narrowly ovoid, 10-15 x 3-4.5 micro meter Pycnidia: common, on cup margins, ovoid, usually not constricted at base, with hyaline gelatin conidia: 6-7 x 0.5-1 micro meter Spot tests: K-, C-, KC-, P+ red, UV- Secondary metabolite: fumarprotocetraric acid. Habitat and ecology: on rotting wood and acidic forest floor at high elevations, mainly boreal World distribution: Asia, Europe and North America Sonoran distribution: only known from one location in the Chiricahua Mountains of SE Arizona. Notes: This is a common species of the Canadian boreal forest with a southern outlier in mountains of Arizona. It is distinguished by the constant presence of brownish green, esorediate podetia that are rather large and have wide cups.
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Troy McMullin  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image
Cladonia gracilis image