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Cladonia floerkeana (Fr.) Florke
Family: Cladoniaceae
[Cenomyce carcata Ach.,  more]
Cladonia floerkeana image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts) thallus: squamulose (squamulous) | fruticose (fruticous), shrub-like, beard-like thallus: continuous, diffuse, effuse | granular, granulose, granulate [th] upper surface: grey(ish) | brown(ish) grey | grey(ish) brown [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent | present [th margin] cilia, cilioid structures: absent [th upper surface] isidia, isidioid structures: absent [th upper surface] soredia, soralia, soralioid structures: absent | present [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) width [mm]: (low) 0.5 (high) 1.0 (max) 2.0 [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: smooth, plane | granulose, granular | verrucose, warted | squamulose ascomata: absent | present ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial ascoma [mm]: (min) 0.5 (low) 1.0 (high) 2.0 (max) 2.5 ascoma: pedicellate, stipitate, pedunculate, stalked [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: convex [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: red(dish) [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present asci: lecanoralean [asc] tholus: thickened [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: with amyloid tube (= Collema-, Micarea-, Porpidia-, Psora-types etc) ascospores: (median) 8.0 [asp] shape: oblong, oblong-obtuse | fusiform [asp] length [µm]: (low) 8.0 (high) 14.0 [asp] width [µm]: (low) 2.5 (high) 3.0 [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent conidiomata: absent | present [co] length [µm]: (min) 5.0 (low) 6.0 (high) 9.0 (max) 14.0 secondary metabolites: present secondary metabolites: 4-O-demethylbarbatic acid | barbatic acid | condidymic acid | decarboxythamnolic acid | didymic acid | rhodocladonic acid | thamnolic acid primary photobiont: present secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent primary photobiont: chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.

substrate: soil, clay, humus, turf, detritus, dead leaves | bryophytes – mosses, liverworts | wood – dead, living.