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Cladonia cariosa (Ach.) Sprengel
Family: Cladoniaceae
[Cladonia cariosa var. cariosa (Ach.) Spreng.,  more]
Cladonia cariosa image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Primary thallus: squamulose, persistent; squamules: 1-4 mm long, 1-2 mm wide, crenulately lobate along margins, greenish-gray with bluish tinge, sometimes with pruina toward lobe tips podetia: 5-35 mm tall, up to 8 mm wide, branched, twisted from the base upward, fissured longitudinally along the length; branches: anastomosing, without cups surface: mostly corticated; cortex: continuous or breaking up and disappearing in places, esorediate Apothecia: constantly present from early stages, chestnut brown to darker, larger than podetial support, solitary ascospores: ellipsoid, 10.5-18 x 3.5-5.5 micro meter Pycnidia: uncommon, on primary squamules or on tiny appressed podetial squamules, obconical, with hyaline jelly conidia: 0.5-1 x 3-4 micro meter Spot tests: K+ yellowish changing to dingy brown or K+ persistent yellow, C-, KC-, P+ deep yellow, rarely changing to red, or P-, UV- Secondary metabolites: atranorin only or with additional fumarprotocetraric acid (as minor substance). Habitat and ecology: on thin soil and roadcuts, usually in damp microhabitats World distribution: Asia, Europe, North America and South America (south), mainly temperate, western North America Sonoran distribution: common in Arizona at mid to high elevations.
Cladonia cariosa image
Troy McMullin  
Cladonia cariosa image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia cariosa image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia cariosa image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia cariosa image
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