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Cladonia amaurocraea (Florke) Schaerer
Family: Cladoniaceae
[Capitularia amaurocraea Flörke,  more]
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Stephen Sharnoff  
Ecology: Terricolous, bryophytic (especially stumps and logs), or lignicolous; growing sun-exposed, partially shaded, or fully shaded. Thallus: Crustose, squamulose; lobes ascending or horizontal; branches densely aggregated, scattered, loosely aggregated, or clustered; separate thallus parts 3-12 mm long; 1-7 mm wide. Primary Thallus: Persistent. Secondary Thallus: Present, arising from center of the primary thallus, of determinate growth; stipe 15-50 mm high, 1.6-3 mm wide, lime green, homogeneously coloured, corticate, with intact or longitudinally split wall. Thallus Outline: Margin dissected. Upper Surface: Areolated (or broken into irregular "plates"), lime green (maculate); not sorediate. Lower Surface: White or orange (at dying base). Lower Cortex: Absent. Ascocarps: Forming apical at the tip of branches or stipes or along the margin of scyphi, moderately abundant, .5-6 mm in diam.. Disk: Weakly convex to strongly convex; red. Conidiomata: Formed on margins of scyphi. Secondary Metabolites: Squamatic acid and usnic acid, of the following substance class(es): ß-orcinol depsides. Spot Tests: Upper surface: K – (negative), C –, + deep yellow, or + orange, PD –. UV-Fluorescence: Reaction colour: bright bluish white.
Cladonia amaurocraea image
Lucy Taylor  
Cladonia amaurocraea image
Lucy Taylor  
Cladonia amaurocraea image
Troy McMullin  
Cladonia amaurocraea image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia amaurocraea image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia amaurocraea image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia amaurocraea image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Cladonia amaurocraea image
Lucy Taylor  
Cladonia amaurocraea image
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