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Normandina pulchella (Borrer) Nyl.
Family: Verrucariaceae
[Endocarpon pulchellum Borrer,  more]
Normandina pulchella image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Thallus: squamulose, indeterminate, heteromerous, in irregular patches up to a dm or more in diam. but usually smaller squamules: plane to concave, rounded and shell-like, with sharply raised margins, undivided or with distinct marginal lobes, 1-2 mm wide, 30-70 µm thick, sometimes becoming leprose, scattered or partly becoming contiguous forming dense colonies upper surface: pale gray to green, with greenish soredia on the surface and along the margin soredia: farinose to granular, 20-50 µm in diam. upper cortex: pseudoparenchymatous and up to 10 µm thick, or hardly evident medulla: hardly evident; photobiont layer: distinct, 35-60 µm thick, composed of hyphae with mostly globose or ellipsoid cells arranged in a net-like structure surrounding groups of algal cells lower surface: white-tomentose Spot tests: all negative Secondary metabolite: zeorin. Substrate and ecology: usually on other lichens and over mosses, also on naked bark and on stone, in areas or in microhabitats with high air humidity World distribution: cosmopolitan on all continents except Antarctica Sonoran distribution: Arizona, southern California and Chihuahua from 320 to 2570 m.
Normandina pulchella image
Troy McMullin  
Normandina pulchella image
Samuel Brinker  
Normandina pulchella image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Normandina pulchella image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Normandina pulchella image
Stephen Sharnoff  
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image
Normandina pulchella image