Slideshow image
Verrucaria spp.
Family: Verrucariaceae
Verrucaria image
Gerhard Neuwirth  
Life habit: lichenized, few species lichenicolous. Thallus: crustose endosubstratic or superficial, indistinct to rather thick, continuous or rimose to areolate, sometimes subsquamulose or granular (of goniocysts), when superficial fully attached with lower surface or with basally constricted areolae, rarely by stipe-like holdfasts; margin determinate or indeterminate, prothallus usually dark, entire or fimbriate, or not apparent surface: white, gray, ochraceous, green, shades of brown to black, dull or shiny, even or variously rugose, very rarely isidiate-pseudosorediate upper cortex: paraplectenchymatous of small roundishangular cells, or indiscernible to lacking, often overlain by an amorphous hyaline layer deriving from dead collapsed cortical cells medulla: (sub)paraplectenchymatous or with filamentous parts, in endolithic species of filamentous hyphae penetrating the disintegrated rock (pseudomedulla) photobiont: primary one various (Coccobotrys, Dilabifilum, Heterococcus, Myrmecia a. o.), secondary photobiont absent; algal cells usually distributed over most of the thallus or concentrated in an upper zone to leave an alga-free medullary layer, algal cells in vertical rows or in clumps or irregularly dispersed lower cortex: lacking (rarely marginally developed in subsquamulose species) Ascomata: perithecial, immersed in the substratum or in the thallus or thalline warts or erumpent to superficial, laminal or lateral (between areoles), globose or broadly ovoid or pear- to bottle-shaped; exciple: colorless, brown or black; involucrellum: present or absent, often carbonaceous and brittle; interascal filaments absent (gelatinizing early, lacking in mature perithecia); ostiolar filaments: present, simple or sparingly branched or ramified-anastomosing; hymenial gel I+ bluegreen or reddish asci: clavate, fissitunicate, thin-walled, wall not amyloid, apically not or slightly thickened, 8-spored ascospores: biseriate, subglobose, ellipsoid, ovoid or subfusiform, thin-walled (thick-walled in some species of uncertain affinity), simple, hyaline, not sculptured, rarely halonate, in some species with a thin perispore Conidiomata: pycnidial, laminal, immersed, of Staurothele-type (Harada 1993) conidia: cylindrical, straight or slightly bent Secondary metabolites: absent. Geography: world-wide, mainly in warm-temperate to arctic-alpine regions Substrate: mostly rock (calcareous or siliceous), rarer bark or soil, on dry places or periodically inundated or submerged in maritime or freshwater habitats. Notes: In this volume Bagliettoa is excluded from Verrucaria. Otherwise, Verrucaria is treated in a traditional circumscription. Recent molecular analyses have shown that the genus is highly heterogeneous (Gueidan et al. 2007). A few of the species treated have already been split off from Verrucaria (Navarro-Rosines et al. 2007) and the segregation of others will follow in forthcoming papers. But at the time being, in this survey, it is too early to follow new cladistic concepts as the relationships of the majority of the species and species groups is not yet understood. With 61 species, Verrucaria is comparatively well represented in the Sonoran region, but many species are known only from few collections. Sonoran Verrucaria species mostly represent Northern Hemisphere distribution patterns; only eight species have wider ranges extending to the southern continents. Verrucaria calkinsiana and V. finkiana have scattered occurrences in North America. Restricted to southwestern North America are Verrucaria americana, V. bernardinensis, V. cetera, V. inficiens, V, rubrocincta, V. rupicola, and V. subdivisa. Verrucaria dacryodes is endemic to California. Of the seven newly described species, four are from Arizona, and one from California. 24 species (Verrucaria adelminienii, V. asperula, V. beltraminiana, V. bernaicensis, V. confluens, V. elaeina, V. endocarpoides, V. floerkeana, V. fraudulosa, V. fusca, V. fuscoatroides, V. inornata, V. memnonia, V. mimicrans, V. minor, V. murorum, V. nigrofusca, V. olivacella, V. onegensis, V. prosoplectenchymatica, V. rufofuscella, V.schindleri, V.turgida, and V. weddellii) are reported for the first time from the North American continent. For determination, careful sectioning of well developed perithecia are necessary. To understand the variability of the involucrellum, cuts straight through the ostiole of several well-developed perithecia covering the full range of size, development, and grade of exposure are necessary. According to the pigmentation, two types of involucrellum can be distinguished: in the common type the pigmentation occurs in flecks between the cells, thus obscuring the outline of the cells. In an involucrellum of the so-called "Zellnetztyp", the pigmentation is clearly restricted to the cell walls so that the outlines of the pigmented cells are clearly visible in thin sections. The latter type is primarily found in freshwater species. The lengths of periphyses are taken from the middle of the periphysal cushions, omitting the shortest ones around the ostiolum and those immediately above the ascal region. In perithecia with a distinct apical neck the periphyses in the ostiolar neck may differ in length and branching from those further down, and then are described separately. For spore sizes, only mature and well-developed spores (spores released from the asci, not those containing large vacuoles or empty ones) are measured. This is important as the magnitudinal ranges of spores given in the literature for many species is too wide. The spore-measurements given in the key comprise the normal range without the extremes. In several species the lower zone of the thallus is conspicuously blackened (sometimes carbonaceous); this is referred to as "black basal layer" contrary to the term "medulla" which is used for a colorless or browning, alga-free layer under the algal layer. The maritime species are not treated here, but see Collemopsidium (Vol. I, p. 162).
Species within Savannah River Bluffs Heritage Preserve  
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Arthopyrenia saxicola
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium aeneum
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium annulare
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium lugescens
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium marcidum
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium megaspermum
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium phlyctaena
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium porosum
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium pulcherrimum
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium pupula
Map not
Available
Image of Astrothelium scoria
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Bogoriella captiosa
Map not
Available
Image of Bogoriella confluens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Bogoriella miculiformis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Bogoriella subfallens
Map not
Available
Image of Bogoriella thelena
Map not
Available
Image of Catapyrenium rufescens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Cyrtidula hippocastani
Map not
Available
Image of Dictyomeridium proponens
Map not
Available
Image of Geisleria sychnogonoides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Hassea bacillosa
Map not
Available
Image of Involucrocarpon waltheri
Map not
Available
Image of Lauderlindsaya acroglypta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Nigrovothelium tropicum
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Porina interjungens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Pyrenocarpon thelostoma
Map not
Available
Image of Pyrenula chlorospila
Map not
Available
Image of Pyrenula coryli
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Image of Sphaerulina dolichotera
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Image of Thelidium fontigenum
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Image of Variospora aurantia
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria acrotelloides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria aethioboliza
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Image of Verrucaria ambigua
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria asperula
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria aspicilioides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria bagliettoi
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria bisagnoensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria cazzae
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria coccinearia
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria contardonis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria controversa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria denudata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria depressa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria despecta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria detersa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria distans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria divergens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria eusebii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria franckliniana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria funckiana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria fuscatula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria gemmifera
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria granulosaria
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria hayrenii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria incrassata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria integra
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria integrella
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria kootenaica
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria langhensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria minuta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria minutula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria montettensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria mutabilis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria ochrostoma
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria papillifera
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria papularis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria perarata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria pilisensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria plumbaria
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria polysticta
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria prospersella
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria protearia
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria purpurascens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria rechingerii
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria rufula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria savonensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria sbarbaronis
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria scabra
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria sphinctrinella
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria squamella
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria steineri
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria subalbicans
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Image of Verrucaria subdolosa
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria subfuscella
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria subglaucina
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria submersella
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria subtruncatula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria tatrensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria thrombioides
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria tristis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria umbonata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria velana
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria veronensis
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria viridatula
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria xylogena
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Verrucaria
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Verrucaria zonata
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available
Image of Viridothelium virens
Map not
Available
Images
not available
Map not
Available