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Porpidia contraponenda (Arnold) Knoph & Hertel
Family: Lecideaceae
[Lecidea contraponenda Arnold]
Porpidia contraponenda image
Stephen Sharnoff  

Global occurrence: Oceania – Australasia | Eurasia – Europe | Americas – North America (incl Mexico) | Arctic.  Substrate: rock – siliceous, siliciferous, acidic | rock, stones, pebbles – unspecified.  Life habit: lichenized (mutualistic with algal photobionts).  Thallus: crustose (crustaceous) – episubstratal – unspecified; thallus: cracked, fissured, fractured, rimose | compartimentized – areolate, squamulate; [th] upper surface: white(ish) | white(ish) brown (beige) | grey(ish) white; [th marginal and upper surface] specific structures: absent; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, squamules): contiguous, coherent (throughout the thallus) | distantly discontiguous; [th] morphol substructures (eg areoles, lobes, branches) upper surface: verrucose, warted; [th] medulla amyloidity: absent.  Ascomata: absent | present; ascoma: apothecial, apothecioid – hymenial; ascoma [mm]: (low) 0.3 (high) 1.3; ascoma: subsessile, subimmersed, adnate, semi-immersed, emergent | sessile, superficial; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: concave | plane, flat, flattened, expanded | subconvex, slightly convex; [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: black(ish); [ascm, if apoth] disc, mazaedium: epruinose | pruinose; [ascm, if apoth] margin surface; [if perith] periostiolar area, ostiole, involucrellum: black(ish) | brown(ish) black; [ascm, if apoth] margin excipular photobionts: absent; [ascm, if apoth] subhymenial layers, hypothecium; [if perith] basal excipulum: brown(ish) black; [ascm] paraphyses/-oids: present; [ascm] epihymenium, epithecium: green(ish) brown (olive brown).  Asci: lecanoralean; [asc] tholus: thickened; [asc] tholus amyloidity (iodine reaction): present; [asc] tholus amyloidity pattern: with amyloid tube, ring (= Collema-, Micarea-, Porpidia-, Psora-types etc).  Ascospores: (median) 8.0; [asp] shape: ellipsoidal; [asp] length [µm]: (low) 14.0 (high) 20.0 (max) 25.0; [asp] width [µm]: (low) 5.0 (high) 11.0; [asp] septa: absent – spore lumen unilocular, monolocular; [asp] pigmentation: hyaline, colourless; [asp] perispore, epispore: not apparent | thin, thinly halonate | thick, distincly halonate.  Conidiomata: absent | present.  Conidia: bacilliform, bacillary.  Secondary metabolites: present, 2'-O-methylmicrophyllinic acid | methyl 2'-O-methylmicrophyllinate.  Primary photobiont: present, chlorophytaceous – trebouxiaceous, chlorococcoid.  Secondary photobionts (eg in cephalodia): absent.