Southern Subpolar Region
Project Managers: Alan Fryday
The Southern Subpolar Region is here taken to be the area between the Antarctic Divergence and Subtropical Convergence. This region is often referred to as the Subantarctic, but that name refers to that part of the region south of the Antarctic Convergence, which has colder summers and a complete lack of arboreal vegetation (Øvstadal & Lewis Smith 2001). As trees are present on some of the areas under consideration they should not be considered ‘Subantarctic’ and so the term ‘Southern Subpolar’ is preferred.
The International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases for Plant Sciences (TDWG) (Brummitt 2001) include in their “Subantarctic Islands” region:
Australasia: Macquarie Island.
South Atlantic: Falkland Islands, South Georgia, South Shetland Islands, South Orkney Islands, Bouvetøya (all except the Falkland Islands included in Antarctica by Øvstadal & Lewis Smith 2001).
Indian Ocean: Tristan da Cunha & Gough Island, Prince Edward & Marion Islands, Crozet Island, Kerguelen, Heard & MacDonald Islands, St Paul Island & New Amsterdam.
Visit the Lichens of the Southern Subpolar Region website for more information on this project.
The symbol opens the species list as an interactive key.